1964 Summer Olympics

1964 Summer Olympics

Olympics infobox|1964|Summer
Name = Games of the XVIII Olympiad

Size = 150
Optional caption =
Host city = Tokyo, Japan
Nations participating = 93
Athletes participating = 5,151
(4,473 men, 678 women)
Events = 163 in 19 sports
Opening ceremony = July 12, 1964
Closing ceremony = October 24, 1964
Officially opened by = HIM Emperor Showa
Athlete's Oath = Takashi Ono
Judge's Oath =
Olympic Torch = Yoshinori Sakai
Stadium = National Olympic Stadium
The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan in 1964. Tokyo had been awarded with the organisation of the 1940 Summer Olympics, but this honor was subsequently passed to Helsinki because of Japan's invasion of China, before ultimately being canceled because of World War II. The 1964 Summer Games marked the first time that the Olympics were held by a non-Western nation. This was the first Olympics in which South Africa was barred from taking part due to its refusal to racially desegregate its sports. [cite weburl=http://www.gamesbids.com/eng/past.htmltitle=Past Olympic Host City Election Resultspublisher=GamesWeb.comaccessdate=2008-09-23] The games were telecast to the United States using Syncom 3, the first geostationary communication satellite. It was the first television program to cross the Pacific Ocean.


Tokyo won the rights to the Games on May 26, 1959, at the 55th IOC Session in Munich, West Germany, over bids from Detroit, Brussels and Vienna.

Here are the voting results for the host selection, from the [http://www.aldaver.com/votes.html the International Olympic Committee Vote History] web page.

Conventionally, countries are ranked by the number of gold medals they receive, followed then by the number of silver medals and, finally, bronze1:

Participating nations

A total of 94 nations were represented at the 1964 Games. Sixteen nations made their first Olympic appearance in Tokyo: Algeria, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire (as "Ivory Coast"), Dominican Republic, Libya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Mongolia, Nepal, Niger, Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia), Senegal, and Tanzania (as "Tanganyika"). Athletes from Libya withdrew from competition after the Opening Ceremony, so a total of 93 nations actually competed. Athletes from East Germany and West Germany competed together as the United Team of Germany from 1956-1964.



*Olympic Stadium, now known as "National Stadium," was the venue for the opening and closing ceremonies, and for track and field events.
*Chichibunomiya Rugby Stadium hosted Football Preliminaries
*Nippon Budokan, or Japan Martial Arts Hall, was built to house the judo events, and is now one of Tokyo's best-known concert venues.
*Yoyogi National Gymnasium, adjacent to (and originally part of) the Meiji Shrine, houses swimming and gymnastics venues designed by architect Kenzo Tange. The Olympic Village, a redeveloped United States Army barracks originally called "Washington Heights," is located on the north side of Yoyogi Park.
*Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium hosted Artistic Gymnastics, Water polo events.
*Komazawa Olympic Park in Setagaya hosted cycling events.
*Shibuya Public Hall hosted weightlifting events.
*Korekuen Ice Palace hosted Boxing events.
*Waseda University hosted Fencing events.
*Baji Koen hosted Equestrian events.
*Hachiōji Velodrome hosted Track Cycling events.

Outside of Tokyo

*Mitsuzawa Stadium, Yokohama: Football Preliminaries
*Yokohama Cultural Gymnasium: Volleyball
*Enoshima hosted yachting events.
*Lake Sagami hosted canoeing and rowing events.
*Toda, Saitama: Rowing
*Ōmiya Park Soccer Stadium, Omiya, Saitama: Football Preliminaries
*Asaka, Saitama: Shooting
*Tokorozawa, Saitama: Clay pigeon shooting
*Karuizawa, in Nagano Prefecture west of Tokyo, hosted equestrian events.
*Nagai Stadium, Osaka: Football

ee also

* 1964 Summer Paralympics
* International Olympic Committee
* IOC country codes
* "Tokyo Olympiad", a documentary film about the games


* 1 [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/table_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1964 Olympic Games Tokyo 1964 - Medal Table]

External links

* [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1964 IOC Site on 1964 Summer Olympics]
* [http://www.aafla.org/5va/reports_frmst.htm Official Report from the Organizing Committee (2 volumes)] on the AAFLA website
* [http://aboutjapan.japansociety.org/content.cfm/japans_rebirth_at_the_1964_tokyo_summer Japan's Rebirth at the 1964 Tokyo Summer Olympics] Essay on the About Japan, A Teacher's Resource website

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