Biodiversity of Assam


Biodiversity of Assam

The Biodiversity of Assam, a state in North-East India, makes it a biological hotspot with many rare and endemic plant and animal species. The greatest success in recent years has been the conservation of the Indian rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park, but a rapid increase in human population in Assam threatens many plants and animals and their natural habitats.

Apart from the Rhinoceros and the Tiger, the Spotted Deer or Chital / "Futukihorina" (Axix axix), the Swamp Deer or "Dolhorina" (Cervus duvauceli duvauceli), the Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), the Hoolock Gibbon, Pigmy Hog or "Nol-gahori" (Sus salvanis), the Wild Buffalo, the Hispid Hare, the Golden Langur (Trachypithecus geei), the Golden Cat, the peculiar Giant Civet, the Binturong, the Hog Badgers, the Porcupines, the Civet cats, etc are found in Assam. Moreover, there are abundant numbers of Gangetic Dolphins, Mongooses, Giant Squirrels and Pythons.

Few of the major birds in Assam are: Bluthroated Barbet or "Hetuluka" (Megalaima asiatica), the White-winged Wood Duck or "Deuhnah" (Cairina scultulata), the Ring-tailed Fishing Eagle or "Kuruwa" (Haliaeetus leucorythus), the Great Pied Hornbill or "Rajdhonesh" (Buceros bicornis homrai), the Himalayan Golden-backed Three-toed Wood-pecker or "Barhoituka" (Dinopium shorii shorii), and the Migratory Pelicans.

Assam is also known for orchids and also for valuable plant species and forest products.

("Also see: Physical Geography of Assam")

References

* "Biodiversity of Assam: Status Strategy & Action Plan for Conservation", eds A K Bhagabati, M C Kalita, S Baruah, Eastern Book House, New Delhi (2006)

External links

* [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/im/im0105_full.html Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests]


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