Biodiversity of Assam

Biodiversity of Assam

The Biodiversity of Assam, a state in North-East India, makes it a biological hotspot with many rare and endemic plant and animal species. The greatest success in recent years has been the conservation of the Indian rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park, but a rapid increase in human population in Assam threatens many plants and animals and their natural habitats.

Apart from the Rhinoceros and the Tiger, the Spotted Deer or Chital / "Futukihorina" (Axix axix), the Swamp Deer or "Dolhorina" (Cervus duvauceli duvauceli), the Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), the Hoolock Gibbon, Pigmy Hog or "Nol-gahori" (Sus salvanis), the Wild Buffalo, the Hispid Hare, the Golden Langur (Trachypithecus geei), the Golden Cat, the peculiar Giant Civet, the Binturong, the Hog Badgers, the Porcupines, the Civet cats, etc are found in Assam. Moreover, there are abundant numbers of Gangetic Dolphins, Mongooses, Giant Squirrels and Pythons.

Few of the major birds in Assam are: Bluthroated Barbet or "Hetuluka" (Megalaima asiatica), the White-winged Wood Duck or "Deuhnah" (Cairina scultulata), the Ring-tailed Fishing Eagle or "Kuruwa" (Haliaeetus leucorythus), the Great Pied Hornbill or "Rajdhonesh" (Buceros bicornis homrai), the Himalayan Golden-backed Three-toed Wood-pecker or "Barhoituka" (Dinopium shorii shorii), and the Migratory Pelicans.

Assam is also known for orchids and also for valuable plant species and forest products.

("Also see: Physical Geography of Assam")


* "Biodiversity of Assam: Status Strategy & Action Plan for Conservation", eds A K Bhagabati, M C Kalita, S Baruah, Eastern Book House, New Delhi (2006)

External links

* [ Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Assam — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction type=state state name=Assam native name=Assam capital=Dispur latd = 26.15|longd=91.77 largest city=Guwahati abbreviation=IN AS official languages=Assamese, Bodo, Bengali (Barak Valley) legislature type=Unicameral… …   Wikipedia

  • Physical Geography of Assam — is extremely interesting with its geologic origin, geomorphic characteristics, climate, rich biodiversity, etc. Assam, extending from 89 degree 42 minutes E longitude to 96 degree E longitude and 24 degree 8 minutes N latitudes to 28 degree 2… …   Wikipedia

  • Kaziranga National Park — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction type = national park native name = Kaziranga National Park other name = as. কাজিৰঙা ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় উদ্যান iucn category = II state name = Assam district= Golaghat, Nagaon nearest city = Golaghat latd=26 |latm=40 |lats=00… …   Wikipedia

  • Dibrugarh — This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Dibrugarh district. Dibrugarh ডিব্ৰুগড   city   …   Wikipedia

  • Dispur — (দিছপুৰ)   capital   …   Wikipedia

  • Digboi —   city   …   Wikipedia

  • Darrang district — দৰং   District   An entrance to Manas National Park, Darrang …   Wikipedia

  • Dhubri district — This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Dhubri. Dhubri district ধুবুৰী   District   …   Wikipedia

  • Dibrugarh district — This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Dibrugarh. Dibrugarh district   District   …   Wikipedia

  • Karbi Anglong District — Karbi Anglong   District   District location in Assam Country …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.