Sinon


Sinon

In Greek mythology, Sinon, a son of Aesimus (son of Autolycus), or of the crafty Sisyphus, was a Greek warrior during the Trojan War. He pretended to have deserted the Greeks and, as a Trojan captive, told the Trojans that the giant wooden horse the Greeks had left behind was intended as a gift to the gods to ensure their safe voyage home. He told them that the horse was made so big that the Trojans would not be able to move it into their city, because if they did they would be invincible to later Achean (Greek) invasion. His story convinced the Trojans because it included the former details as well as an explanation that he was left behind to die by the doing of Odysseus who was his enemy. The Trojans brought the Trojan Horse into their city against the advice of Cassandra (given the gift of prophecy by Apollo, but condemned to never be believed for not returning his love) and Laocoön (because two serpents came out of the water and strangled him and his sons, which the trojans saw as a punishment for attacking the horse with a spear). Inside the giant wooden horse were Greek soldiers, who, as night fell, disembarked from the horse and opened the gates of Troy, thus sealing the fate of Troy. See Virgil, "Aeneid" II, 77.

This scene is not in the Iliad but the Odyssey and the Aeneid, and in the Aeneid is central to the perspective Virgil builds (in support of the actual Roman sentiment) of the Greeks as cunning, deceitful, and treacherous.

In the Divine Comedy Dante sees Sinon in the eighth circle of Hell where, along with other perjurers, he is condemned to suffer a burning fever for all eternity. William Shakespeare referred to Sinon on several occasions in his work, using him as a symbol of treachery.

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  • sinon — sinon …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • sinon — [ sinɔ̃ ] conj. • v. 1490; se... non 1080; de 1. si et non I ♦ (Introd. une exception ou une restriction hypothétique) 1 ♦ (En corrélation avec une propos. négative) En dehors de..., abstraction faite de... ⇒ 1. excepté, sauf. « Je ne sais plus… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sinon — wird als Gefangener vor Priamos geführt, in Vergil s Aeneis, Inschrift: Vergilius Romanus (Mailand, Ambrosiana, Anfang 5. Jh.) Sinon (griech. Σíνων, mögliche Kurzform für Sinopos, Gefährte von Odysseus) war in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sinon — Sinon, conjonction, acut. Qui signifie tantost ce que, Nisi, horsmis en Latin dont elle est la contexture à rebours, et respond de droite façon à ceste Grecque {{t=g}}éi mê,{{/t}} Illorum neminem noui nisi Caesarem, Je ne cognois nul d eux sinon… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Sinon — déguisé en traître devant Priam et les Troyens (le cheval de Troie est visible en arrière plan), folio 101r du Vergilius Romanus, Ve siècle Dans la mythologie grecque, Sinon (en grec ancien Σíνων …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sinon [1] — Sinon, 1) Grieche, Sohn des Asimos u. Verwandter des Odysseus; er ließ sich nach dem scheinbaren Abzug der Griechen vor Troja freiwillig von den Trojanern fangen u. beredete dieselben durch Täuschung das hölzerne Pferd, worin die Griechen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sinon [2] — Sinon, Grafschaft der Negerrepublik Liberia auf der Malguetta Küste Guinea s (Westafrika) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sinon — Sinon. im griech. Mythus Verwandter des Odysseus, blieb bei dem scheinbaren Abzug der Griechen von Troja freiwillig zurück, überredete die Troer, das hölzerne Pferd in die Stadt zu ziehen, gab in der Nacht den Griechen das verabredete… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sinon — SINON, ónis, Gr. Σίνων, ωνος, des Aesimus Sohn, und Autolykus Enkel, und also Geschwisterkind mit dem Ulysses, so fern dieser der Antiklia und des Autolykus Tochter Sohn war. Tzetz. ad Lycophr. v. 344. Er verwundete und richtete sich selbst auf… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • SINON — Sicyphi fil. Antolyci furis nepos, qui cum Ulysse ad bellum Troianum profectus, cum Graeci decimô demum annô diffidentes Ilium vi capi posse, ad dolum proditionemque confugerent, omnium maxime ideoneus visus est, cui ob ingenii astutiam… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sinon — {{Sinon}} Ein Grieche, der durch eine lange Lügengeschichte viel dazu beitrug, daß die List mit dem Trojanischen* Pferd Erfolg hatte (Vergil, Aeneis II 58–198) …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie


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