Geoje


Geoje

Infobox Korean settlement
logo=Geoje logo.pnglogowidth=100px
hangul=거제시
hanja=巨濟市
rr=Geoje-si
mr=Kŏje-shi
area_km2=401.63
pop=219,500
popyear=2008
popnote= [ [http://statistic.geoje.go.kr/view.php?title=%C0%CE%B1%B8%C3%DF%C0%CC] Dead link|date=March 2008]
popden_km2=547
divs=9 "myeon", 10 "dong"

Geoje is a city located in South Gyeongsang province, just off the coast of the port city of Busan, South Korea. The former Daewoo Shipyard (now DSME) in Okpo and Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI) in Gohyeon are both located on Geoje Island. The city also offers a wide range of tourist sights. The city is made up of a number of islands, of which by far the largest is Geoje Island.

History

In 757, Gyeongdeok of Silla classified the island as "Geoje-gun" (Geoje county). Modern Geoje is classified as a "si" (city). In 1170, Uijong of Goryeo secretly escaped to Geoje when Jung Jungbu raised a rebellion against him, instating his brother, Myeongjong as king. Geoje served as a strategic location in preparation of the naval forces for the Oei Invasion of Tsushima Island in 1419 by the Korean general Yi Jong Mu. At the time of the Seven-Year War in 1592, admiral Yi Sun-sin gained a great naval victory against Japanese invaders near the town of Okpo in Geoje. Since then. Yi was referred to by his noble title, "Chung Mu Gong," which roughly translates into English as "Earner of Great National Respect."

Between the years of 1950 and 1953, the military government of General Douglas MacArthur used the island as a place for the settlement for 170,000 POWs, and a prison war camp measuring at 11,800,000 m² was established during these years. After the war, a portion (23,000m²) was converted into a tourist attraction. [http://www.visitkorea.or.kr/eng/info_db/dest/sight_detail.jsp?seqno=4066]

The Geneva Convention of 1949 failed to foresee to the development of hardcore, organized prisoner groups on Geoje-do in 1951-52 or to provide protection for the captor nation in dealing with stubborn resistance, mainly as a result of the harsh treatment that the prisoners received from the military government.

Geography

Geoje city covers an area of 401.63 km², encompassing Geoje-do (383.44 km²) and 60 other small islets, of which 10 are inhabited. [http://i.b5z.net/i/u/1628001/i/Map_low_1.jpg] The main island is joined to land by two bridges from nearby Tongyeong.

Climate

Geoje experiences a temperate climate, and temperatures reaching below zero degrees Celsius in winter are frequent during December to February. However the island is kept relatively warm by the influence of warm ocean currents.

Demographics

Geoje had a population of 219,500 according to the whitebook published by Goeje City in July 2008. Most of the population depends on shipbuilding to support their livehood, and this can be evidenced in the fact that nearly 33% of its number of workers is employed for the industry.

Tourism

Geoje offers a variety of attractions, including Oedo (located 4km from Geoje), a marine western-style botanical garden in Hallyeo-Haesang National Park, built by Lee Chang-ho and his wife when they settled on the island in 1969.

Tourists also visit Jisim-do for trekking. Jisim is known for its Camellia vegetation. However, the Maemi typhoon in 2003 severely affected the island's plant life. Another popular tourist attraction, Haegeumgang-do (located southeast of Geoje) hosts the Sipja Donggul Cave. Buddhist and Shamanist sculptures can be found in the cave.

Islands of Geoje city

* Geoje (거제도, 巨濟島)
* Jisim
* Oedo
* Galgotdo (Haegeumgang)

ister Cities

*flagicon|China Longjing, China

See also

* List of cities in South Korea
* Geography of South Korea

References

External links

* [http://english.geoje.go.kr/ City government website]
* [http://dmoz.org/Regional/Asia/South_Korea/Gyeongnam/Geoje/ Open Directory category]
* [http://gfra.net/ Geoje Foreigner Residents Association]
* http://www.castle409.org/koje_do.htm
* [http://www.kmike.com/TruceTent/ch11.htm Chapter 11:Koje-do]
* [http://www.kojefishing.com/ Fishing on Koje]
* [http://english.tour2korea.com/sightseeing/destination/depth04.asp?oid=&sightseeing_id=121&ADDRESS_1=24703&ADDRESS_2=21534&sight=sightseeing Oedo Island]


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