Christ the King


Christ the King
Christ the King, a detail from the Ghent Altarpiece by Jan van Eyck.

Christ the King is a title of Jesus based on several passages of Scripture. It is used by most Christians. The Anglican Church and The Roman Catholic Church, together with many Protestant denominations, including Presbyterians, Lutherans and Methodists, celebrate the Feast of Christ the King on the last Sunday of the liturgical year (before a new year begins with the First Sunday of Advent, the earliest date of which is 27 November). The Feast of Christ the King is thus on the Sunday that falls between 20 and 26 November, inclusive. Originally, the liturgical calendar had this feast on the last Sunday of October prior to All Saints Day, where it is still celebrated in the Extraordinary form of the Roman Rite. The title "Christ the King" is also frequently used as a name for churches, schools, seminaries, hospitals and religious institutes.

Contents

Origins

The name is found in various forms in scripture: King Eternal (1 Timothy 1:17), King of Israel (John 1:49), King of the Jews (Mt. 27:11), King of kings (1 Tim 6:15; Rev. 19:16), King of the Ages (Book of Revelation 15:3) and Ruler of the Kings of the Earth (Rev. 1:5).[1]

Insigna of the Vendean insurgents who fought against suppression of the Church in the French Revolution. Note the French words 'Dieu Le Roi' beneath the heart-and-cross, meaning 'God (is) the king'.

Christ's Kingship was addressed in the encyclical Quas Primas of Pope Pius XI, published in 1925, which has been called "possibly one of the most misunderstood and ignored encyclicals of all time."[2] The Pontiff's encyclical quotes with approval Cyril of Alexandria, noting that Jesus' Kingship is not obtained by violence: "'Christ,' he says, 'has dominion over all creatures, a dominion not seized by violence nor usurped, but his by essence and by nature.'" Pope Pius XI instituted the feast of Christ the King in 1925 to remind Christians that their allegiance was to their spiritual ruler in heaven as opposed to earthly supremacy, which was claimed by Benito Mussolini.

Pope Benedict XVI has remarked that Christ's Kingship is not based on "human power" but on loving and serving others. The perfect exemplar of that acceptance, he pointed out, is the Virgin Mary. Her humble and unconditional acceptance of God's will in her life, the Pope noted, was the reason that "God exalted her over all other creatures, and Christ crowned her Queen of heaven and earth." [3]

Schools and churches

Many Catholic schools and churches have taken this name, as shown here:

  • Christ the King Cathedral, Mullingar - First Cathedral in the world to be dedicated to the title name.
  • The Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King, Liverpool
  • Basilica of Christ the King, Reykjavík, Iceland
  • Christ the King Church, Sector 19, Chandigarh, India
  • Christ the King Church, Dorgachola, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Christ the King Anglican Church (also known as Christ the King Garrison Church), Tripoli, Libya
  • Christ the King Parish, Mashpee, MA
  • Christ the King School, Nashville, TN
  • Christ the King Catholic Secondary School, Georgetown, Ontario, Canada
  • Cathedral of Christ the King, Atlanta, GA
  • Christ the King Catholic Church and School, Hollywood, CA
  • Christ the King Catholic Church and School, Richland, WA
  • Christ The King Catholic Primary School, Blackpool, England
  • Christ the King Catholic Secondary School, Nottingham, England
  • Christ the King Catholic High School, Southport, UK
  • Christ the King Catholic School and Church, North Rocks, Australia
  • Christ the King, Dallas, TX
  • Christ the King School, Chicago, IL
  • Christ the King Catholic Church, Kansas City, MO
  • Christ the King Catholic Church, Cedar City, UT
  • Christ the King Catholic Church and School, Des Moines, IA
  • Rīgas Kristus Karaļa draudzes baznīca (Riga's Christ the King's parish Church), Riga, Latvia
Stained glass window at the Annunciation Melkite Catholic Cathedral in Roslindale, Massachusetts depicting Christ the King in the regalia of a Byzantine emperor
  • Christ the King Catholic Church and Primary School, Burmside, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Christ the King Regional High School in Commack, NY
  • Christ the King Catholic School in Philadelphia, PA
  • Christ the King Reformed Episcopal Church, Pasadena, MD
  • Christ the King Roman Catholic Church, Manville, NJ
  • Christ the King Chapel, Franciscan University of Steubenville
  • Christ the King Chapel, St. Ambrose University, Davenport, IA
  • Christ the King High School, St. John's, Antigua
  • Christ the King Parish (Church in the Sky), Taytay, Rizal, Philippines
  • Christ the King Cathedral, Tagum City, Davao del Norte, Philippines

Other Christian churches' buildings also sometimes use this dedication, such as:

  • the Church of Christ the King, Bloomsbury, London, England
  • Christ the King Parish Church, Paola, Malta
  • Christ the King Christian School, Lubbock, TX
  • Christus Rex Lutheran Campus Center, Grand Forks, ND
  • Christ the King Roman Catholic Church and School, Haddonfield, NJ

See also the disambiguation page for more institutions using the name.

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Christ the King (disambiguation) — Christ the King is a title of Jesus. It can also refer to: Feast of Christ the King, observed in the Catholic Church, and many Protestant churches, since 1925 Christ the King Cathedral (disambiguation), the name of many church buildings around… …   Wikipedia

  • Christ the King Cathedral — or Cathedral of Christ the King may refer to one of the following cathedrals: Roman Catholic Cathedral of Christ the King, in Atlanta, Georgia Christ the King Cathedral (Hamilton), in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada Christ the King Cathedral, Mullingar …   Wikipedia

  • Christ the King School (Seattle, Washington) — Christ the King School Location Seattle, Washington, United States Information Type Private Motto We are committed to nurturing each child s sense of self worth, spirit of discovery and inquiry, and enthusi …   Wikipedia

  • Christ the King College, Isle of Wight — Christ the King College Motto Via Veritas Vita Established 2008 Type volun …   Wikipedia

  • Christ the King Regional High School — Home of the Royals …   Wikipedia

  • Christ the King Catholic School — may refer to Christ the King Catholic School (Atlanta, Georgia) Christ the King Catholic School (Dallas, Texas) Christ the King Catholic School (Daphne, Alabama) Christ the King Catholic School (Des Moines, Iowa) Christ the King Catholic School… …   Wikipedia

  • Christ the King Catholic Secondary School — Excellence, Faith, Courage Equity, Dignity, and Respect Address 161 Guelph Street Halton Region Georgetown …   Wikipedia

  • Christ the King College of Cavite Foundation — Established 1994 Type Private, nonsectarian, Coeducational Directress Mrs. Elvira K. Directo, PhD Principal Mrs. Alicia A. Torres, OIC …   Wikipedia

  • Christ the King College, Gingoog City — Kolehiyo ng Kristong Hari, Lungsod ng Gingoog Motto Initium Sapientiae Timor Domini Motto in English The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom …   Wikipedia

  • Christ the King Parish, Ludlow — Christ the King Parish Coordinates: 42°09′50″N 72°28′55″W /  …   Wikipedia


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