Jaca had, in 2004, 12,322 residents and is a premier tourist destination in the region for summer holidays and winter sport. Jaca was the host city of the 1981 and 1995 Winter Universiades. Its popularity for winter sports has been a motivating factor in the city's failed bids for the 1998 Winter Olympics,2002 Winter Olympics and 2010 Winter Olympics. It was again the applicant city of Spain for the 2014 Winter Olympics, but the bid failed again when it was not selected as a candidate city.

Jaca, an episcopal see in the Roman Catholic Church since 1063 [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/djacs.htm] , is home to medieval walls and towers surrounding an 11th century Romanesque cathedral.

The origins of the city are obscure, but its name apparently reflects the Iaccetani, mentioned by Strabo as one of the most celebrated of the numerous small tribes inhabiting the basin of the Ebro. Strabo adds that their territory was the scene of the wars in the 1st century B.C.E between Sertorius and Pompey. The Moorish writers mention "Dyaka" as one of the chief places in the province of Sarkosta (Zaragoza). When it was reconquered is unknown. Ramiro I of Aragon (1035 - 1063), gave it the title of " city," and in 1063 held within its walls a council, in which, the people were called in to sanction its decrees: an early milestone in the parliamentary traditions in the Pyrenees.

The mutiny of the garrison at Jaca, demanding the abolition of monarchy and a democratic republic, December 12–13, 1930, was suppressed with some difficulty. It was an early event that prestaged the Spanish Civil War.

The Diocesan Museum of Jaca (Museum of Medieval Sacred Art) protects Romanesque and Gothic frescoes from some of the most remote locations in the district of Jaca, unsuspected until the first one was discovered in the Church of Urriés, in 1962, where it had been hidden and protected by the painted and gilded retable, or altarpiece.

The Jaca citadel is home to a colony of Rock Sparrows.

ee also

* Diocese of Jaca

External links

* [http://www.valledelaragon.com/ingles/turismo/museodiocesano/default.asp Diocesan Museum of Jaca]
* [http://www.jaca2014.es Homepage of the Jaca 2014 bid]
* [http://jaca.costasur.com/en/index.html Jaca: Useful information about tourism and lodgings]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jaca — Vue de Jaca …   Wikipédia en Français

  • JACA — JACA, city in Aragon, N.E. Spain. Jews were living in the citadel of Jaca from an early date. The community of Jaca is the oldest in Aragon. In the fuero (municipal charter), granted in 1062 shortly after the recapture of the city from the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • jacă — JÁCĂ, jăci, s.f. (reg.) Sac, traistă, săculeţ de pânză rară, în care se pune (la scurs) caşul, urda sau brânza de vacă. – Din magh. zsák. Trimis de claudia, 02.02.2005. Sursa: DEX 98  JÁCĂ s. v. săculeţ, traistă. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Jaca —   [ xaka], Stadt in Nordspanien, Provinz Huesca, in den südlichen Pyrenäenvorbergen (Sierra de la Peña), am Zugang zum Somportpass, über dem rechten Ufer des Aragón, 820 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 11 100 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; Zweigstelle der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • jaca — (Del ant. haca, este del fr. ant. haque, y este del ingl. hack, acort. de hakeney, de Hackney, localidad cercana a Londres, famosa por sus caballos). 1. f. Caballo cuya alzada no llega a metro y medio. 2. yegua (ǁ hembra del caballo). 3. And.),… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • jaca — sustantivo femenino 1. Uso/registro: restringido. Yegua: Montaba una jaca jovencita, ágil y elegante. 2. (macho y hembra) Uso/registro: restringido. Caballo de poca altura …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Jaca — Jaca, befestigte Stadt am Aragon, in der spanischen Provinz Huesca; Citadelle, Bischofsitz, Kathedrale; 3100 Ew. I. hieß im Alterthum Jacca, u. war die Hauptstadt der Jaccetāni, die sich vom Iberus bis zu den Pyrenäen ausbreiteten; wurde 778 von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jaca — (spr. chāka), Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Huesca, 735 m ü. M., auf einem Hügel am linken Ufer des Aragon, an der Eisenbahn Huesca Canfranc, Bischofssitz, hat alte Mauern mit gotischen Toren, eine Zitadelle (unter Philipp II. erbaut),… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jaca — Jaca, span. Stadt am Fuße der Pyrenäen, Bischofssitz. 4000 E., Kathedrale …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • JACA — nomen fructus, totius Orbis maximi vulgo habiti, in Imperio Sinensi, de quo sic Auctor Anon. Sinae et Eur. c. 36. In Quangtung crescunt ubique nuces Indicae maiores et minores: fructusque ille, vulgo habitus totius Orbis maximus, Indis Iaca… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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