Umatilla National Forest

Umatilla National Forest

Infobox_protected_area | name = Umatilla National Forest
iucn_category = VI

caption = Oregon Butte in the Wenaha-Tucannon Wilderness, Umatilla NF
locator_x =
locator_y =
location = Oregon, USA
nearest_city = Elgin, Oregon
lat_degrees = 45
lat_minutes = 38
lat_seconds = 00
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 118
long_minutes = 11
long_seconds = 00
long_direction = W
area = Convert|1800000|acre|km2|0
established =
visitation_num = 703,000 [ Revised Visitation Estimates] - National Forest Service]
visitation_year = 2006
governing_body = U.S. Forest Service

The Umatilla National Forest, in the Blue Mountains of northeast Oregon and southeast Washington, covers an area of 1.4 million acres (5,700 km²). In descending order of land area the forest is located in parts of Umatilla, Grant, Columbia, Morrow, Wallowa, Union, Garfield, Asotin, Wheeler, and Walla Walla counties. (Columbia, Garfield, Asotin, and Walla Walla counties are in Washington, while the rest are in Oregon.) More than three-quarters of the forest lies in the state of Oregon. [ [ Table 6 - NFS Acreage by State, Congressional District and County] - United States Forest Service - September 30, 2007] Forest headquarters are located in Pendleton, Oregon.

Human history

The Umatilla National Forest takes its name from the Umatilla Indian word meaning "water rippling over sand." Explorers Lewis and Clark passed through the area in 1805 on the Columbia River, and Marcus and Narcissa Whitman passed through in 1836 to establish a mission at Wailatpu near Walla Walla, Washington. Thousands of emigrants later followed the Oregon Trail west, and many remained in the Blue Mountain region. Discovery of gold in Oregon in 1851 led to the settlement of the North Fork John Day River area. Over $10 million in gold and silver were mined, and remnants of the era are still visible in the National Forest. Some claims are still being mined. [ Umatilla National Forest - About] - US Forest Service]

Umatilla was established on July 1, 1908 from part of Blue Mountains National Forest and all of Heppner National Forest. Wenaha National Forest was added on November 5, 1920. [citation|title=PDFlink| [ National Forests of the United States] |341 KB|date=September 29, 2005|author=Davis, Richard C.|publisher=The Forest History Society]


Common wildlife in the Umatilla National Forest include blue and ruffed grouse, Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep, Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep, Merriam's turkeys, chinook salmon, steelhead, and rainbow trout.


Over 20% of the Umatilla National Forest is classified as wilderness: [ [ Umatilla National Forest Wilderness] - US Forest Service]
*Wenaha-Tucannon Wilderness, 177,400 acres (718 km²), straddles the border between Oregon and Washington.
*North Fork John Day Wilderness, 121,800 acres (493 km²), is in the southeast section of the National Forest.
*North Fork Umatilla Wilderness, 20,200 acres (82 km²), contains the narrow valley of the North Fork Umatilla River, the source of the Umatilla River.


Common recreational activities in the Umatilla National Forest include camping, hiking, fishing, hunting, wildlife watching, skiing, and rafting. [ [ Umatilla National Forest Recreation Opportunities] - US Forest Service]


ee also

* List of U.S. National Forests


External links

* [ Umatilla National Forest] , USDA Forest Service

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Umatilla National Forest — Oregon Butte in der Wenaha Tucannon Wilderness im Umatilla National Forest. Der Umatilla National Forest ist ein Nationalforst im Nordwesten der USA. Er liegt in den Blue Mountains im nordöstlichen Oregon und ragt noch ins südöstliche Washington… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wallowa-Umatilla National Forest — Sp Volòvos Jumatilos nacionãlinis miškas Ap Wallowa Umatilla National Forest L JAV (Oregonas) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • National Forest — Tongass Nationalforst in Alaska Ein Nationalforst (engl. National Forest) ist in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika ein Waldgebiet unter der Kontrolle der Bundesregierung, das vom US Forest Service verwaltet wird. Größter Nationalforst ist mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heppner National Forest — was established as the Heppner Forest Reserve by the U.S. Forest Service in Oregon on July 18, 1906 with 292,176 acres. It became a National Forest on March 4, 1907. On July 1, 1908 the entire forest was combined with part of Blue Mountains… …   Wikipedia

  • Wenaha National Forest — was established as the Wenaha Forest Reserve by the U.S. Forest Service in Oregon and Washington on May 12, 1905 with 731,650 acres. It became a National Forest on March 4, 1907. On November 5, 1920 the entire forest was transferred to Umatilla… …   Wikipedia

  • Malheur National Forest — Contents 1 Wilderness 2 See also 3 References 4 External link …   Wikipedia

  • Deschutes National Forest — Contents 1 Gallery 2 See also 3 References 4 External links …   Wikipedia

  • Ochoco National Forest — Contents 1 Wilderness 2 Recreation 3 References 4 External …   Wikipedia

  • Ocala National Forest — IUCN Category VI (Managed Resource Protected Area) …   Wikipedia

  • Okanogan National Forest — The Okanogan National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in northern and western Okanogan County in north central Washington State, United States. The 1,499,013 acre (2,342.2 sq mi, or 6066.3 km²) forest is bordered on the north by… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.