Debtor

Debtor

A debtor is an entity that owes a debt to someone else. The entity may be an individual, a firm, a government, a company or other legal person. The counterparty is called a creditor. When the counterparts of this debt arrangement is a bank, the debtor is more often referred to as a borrower.

Contents

Default

Default occurs when the debtor has not met its legal obligations according to the debt contract, e.g.- it has not made a scheduled payment, or has violated a covenant in the debt contract. Default may occur if the debtor is either unwilling or unable to pay its debt. This can occur with all debt obligations including bonds, mortgages, loans, and promissory notes.

If the debt owed becomes beyond the possibility of repayment, the debtor faces insolvency or bankruptcy; in the United Kingdom and some states of the United States until the mid-19th century, debtors could be imprisoned in debtor's prisons, while in some countries such as Greece the practice of imprisoning debtors is still practiced.

Debtor in Bankruptcy and Individual Voluntary Arrangements

An Individual Voluntary Arrangement is a legally binding arrangement supervised by a licensed Insolvency Practitioner, the purpose of which is to enable an individual, sole trader or Partner ("the Debtor") to reach a compromise with his creditors and avoid the consequences of bankruptcy. The compromise should offer a larger repayment towards the creditor's debt than could otherwise be expected were the Debtor to be made bankrupt. This is often facilitated by the Debtor making contributions to the arrangement from his income over a designated period or from a third party contribution or other source that would not ordinarily be available to a Trustee in Bankruptcy

Other uses

In the Latin version of the Lord's Prayer, the words Et dimitte nobis debita nostra/Sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris, the words Debtor and Debt are sometimes translated as Sinner and Sin. This particular understanding of sin, as a form of debt that humanity inherits, is related to the soteriological theory of substitutionary atonement, which states that Jesus died on the cross as a propitiation, or substitute, for sinners.

See also

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • debtor — debt·or n: a person who owes a debt see also bankrupt compare creditor, obligee, obligor ◇ The Bankruptcy Act of 1978 calls the person concerned in a bankruptcy case the “debtor” as opposed to the “bankrupt.” …   Law dictionary

  • Debtor — Debt or, n. [OE. dettur, dettour, OF. detor, detur, detour, F. d[ e]biteur, fr. L. debitor, fr. debere to owe. See {Debt}.] One who owes a debt; one who is indebted; correlative to creditor. [1913 Webster] [I ll] bring your latter hazard back… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • debtor — the entity seeking protection from creditors under the bankruptcy laws (Glossary of Common Bankruptcy Terms) A person who has filed a petition for relief under the bankruptcy laws. (BankruptcyAction.com) The debtor is the entity ( person,… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • debtor — early 13c., dettur, dettour, from O.Fr. detour, from L. debitor a debter, from pp. stem of debere; see DEBT (Cf. debt). The b was restored in later French, and in English c.1560 c.1660. The KJV has detter three times, debter three times, debtor… …   Etymology dictionary

  • debtor — ► NOUN ▪ a person who owes money …   English terms dictionary

  • debtor — [det′ər] n. [altered (after L) < ME dettur < OFr detor < L debitor < debitus, pp. of debere: see DEBT] a person, company, nation, etc. that owes something to another or others …   English World dictionary

  • debtor — a person or business who owes money (1) A party who owes money or other performance to another party. Under the UCC, debtor includes the seller of accounts or chattel paper. (2) For the purposes of UCC provisions dealing with collateral, debtor… …   Financial and business terms

  • debtor — One who owes a debt to another who is called the creditor; one who may be compelled to pay a claim or demand; anyone liable on a claim, whether due or to become due. First Nat. Bank & Trust Co. in Macon v. Kunes, 128 Ga.App. 565, 197 S.E.2d 446,… …   Black's law dictionary

  • debtor — One who owes a debt to another who is called the creditor; one who may be compelled to pay a claim or demand; anyone liable on a claim, whether due or to become due. First Nat. Bank & Trust Co. in Macon v. Kunes, 128 Ga.App. 565, 197 S.E.2d 446,… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Debtor — A company or individual who owes money. If the debt is in the form of a loan from a financial institution, the debtor is referred to as a borrower. If the debt is in the form of securities, such as bonds, the debtor is referred to as an issuer.… …   Investment dictionary


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