Abbey Road (album)


Abbey Road (album)

Infobox Album
Name = Abbey Road
Type = studio
Artist = The Beatles


Released = 26 September 1969
Recorded = 22 February 1969 – 20 August 1969 at Abbey Road Studios, Olympic Studios, and Trident Studios
Genre = Rock, hard rock, art rock
Length = 47:23
Label = Apple, Parlophone, EMI
Producer = George Martin
Reviews =
*Allmusic rating|5|5 [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=Apyex97y7kr0t link]
*Piero Scaruffi rating|7|10 [http://www.scaruffi.com/vol1/beatles.html]
*"Rolling Stone" (not rated) [http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/thebeatles/albums/album/206268/review/5943715/abbey_road November 15 1969]
Last album = "Yellow Submarine"
(1969)
This album = "Abbey Road"
(1969)
Next album = "Let It Be"
(1970)
Misc = Extra album cover 2
Upper caption = Back cover
Type = studio


Lower caption = The back cover of the original 1969 UK LP. Note that Her Majesty is not listed, unlike later reissues and the compact disc version—originally making it a hidden track.

"Abbey Road" is the eleventh official album released by The Beatles. Though work on "Abbey Road" began in April 1969, making it the twelfth and final album recorded by the band; "Let It Be" was the last album released before the Beatles' dissolution in 1970. "Abbey Road" was released on 26 September 1969 in the United Kingdom, and 1 October 1969 in the United States. It was produced and orchestrated by George Martin for Apple Records. Geoff Emerick was the engineer, Alan Parsons was assistant engineer, and Tony Banks tape operator. [ [http://mbox.joomlaitalia.com/component/option,com_musicbox/task,view/itemid,26/id,3/ Abbey Road - Beatles ] ] It is regarded as one of The Beatles' most tightly constructed albums, although the band was barely operating as a functioning unit at the time. [cite web | last =Unterberger | first =Richie | url = http://wm05.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:58q3g4fttv3z | title = Abbey Road > Overview | format = | work = | publisher =Allmusic | accessdate = 2007-11-20] [cite web | last =Unterberger | first =Richie | url = http://wm05.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:hifrxqw5ldse~T1 | title = The Beatles > Biography | format = | work = | publisher =Allmusic | accessdate = 2007-11-20] "Rolling Stone" magazine named it the 14th greatest album of all time.cite web | url=http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/6597647/14_abbey_road |title=The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time|accessdate=2007-11-19 |publisher=Rolling Stone]

Genesis

After the near-disastrous sessions for the proposed "Get Back" album (later retitled "Let It Be"), Paul McCartney suggested to producer George Martin that the group get together and make an album "the way we used to"cite web|url=http://www.aboutthebeatles.com/discography_lp_abbeyroad.php|title=Abbey Road|publisher=Smackbomb.com|accessdate=2008-04-30] , free of the conflict that began with the sessions for "The White Album"; Martin agreed. In their interviews for the Beatles Anthology series, the surviving band members stated they knew at the time this would very likely be the final Beatles' product, and therefore they agreed to set aside their differences and "go out on a high note."

With the "Let It Be" album partly finished, the sessions for Abbey Road began in April, as the "Ballad of John and Yoko"/"Old Brown Shoe" single was completed. Most of the album was recorded between 2 July and 1 August 1969. After the album was finished and released, the "Get Back"/"Let It Be" project was re-examined. More work was done on the album, including the recording of additional music (see "Let It Be"). Although people often label Abbey Road as the "last album recorded by the Beatles", this is incorrect. Songs for "Let It Be" were added after "Abbey Road" was released. However, since the bulk of "Let It Be" was recorded before Abbey Road, it wouldn't be right to label that album as the Beatles' last, either. Properly, "Abbey Road" was the last album started by The Beatles before they disbanded. In September 1969, just shortly before the release of the album, John Lennon was on hiatus from the group with the Plastic Ono Band, effectively being the first official sign of dissolution.

The two album sides are quite different in character. Side one is a collection of single tracks, while side two consists of a long suite of compositions, many of them being relatively short and segued together. The main impetus behind the suite approach was to incorporate the various short and incomplete Lennon and McCartney compositions the group had available into an effective part of the album.

uccess

"Abbey Road" became one of the most successful Beatles albums ever. In the UK the album debuted straight at #1. "Abbey Road" spent its first 11 weeks in the UK charts at #1, and then was knocked off just for 1 week to #2 by the Rolling Stones debuting at the top with "Let It Bleed". However, the following week – which was the Christmas week – "Abbey Road" returned to the top for another 6 weeks, completing 17 weeks at the top. In all it spent 92 weeks inside the UK Top 75, making a big re-entry after over 16 years in 31 October 1987, when it was released for the first time on CD and reached #30. In the UK "Abbey Road" was the best-selling album of 1969 and the fourth best-selling of the entire 1960s, and the eighth best-selling album of 1970.

Reaction in the U.S. was similar. The album debuted at #178, then moved to #4 and in its third week to #1, spending 11 non-consecutive weeks at the top, but was not the best-selling album during the Christmas week. "Abbey Road" spent a total of 129 weeks in the Billboard 200, re-entering the charts at #69 on 14 November 1987 when it was released for the first time on CD. It was the 4th best-selling album of 1970 in the US and is now certified 12x platinum by the RIAA.

ong information

ide one

"Come Together"

"Come Together", the album opener, was contributed by Lennon. The chorus was inspired by a song Lennon originally wrote for Timothy Leary's campaign for governor of California titled "Let's Get It Together". A rough version of this can be heard in outtakes from Lennon's second bed-in event in Canada. It has been speculated that the verses, described by Lennon as intentionally obscure, refer cryptically to each of the Beatles (e.g. the "He's one holy roller" verse allegedly refers to the spiritually-inclined Harrison). The song was later the subject of a lawsuit brought against Lennon by Morris Levy because the opening line in "Come Together" - "Here come old flat-top ..." was admittedly lifted by Lennon from a line in Chuck Berry's "You Can't Catch Me". "Come Together" was later released as a double A-side single with "Something". George Martin has described "Come Together" as a personal favourite among Beatles tracks (in the liner notes to the "Love" album).

"Something"

"Something", the second track on the album, later became Harrison's first A-side single. Originally written during the "White Album" sessions, the first line is based on the James Taylor song "Something in the Way She Moves" (Taylor was signed to Apple at the time). After the lyrics were refined during the "Let It Be" sessions (tapes reveal Lennon giving Harrison some songwriting advice during its composition), "Something" was initially given to Joe Cocker, but was subsequently recorded for "Abbey Road". "Something" was Lennon's favourite song on the album, and McCartney considered it the best song Harrison had written. Frank Sinatra once commented that "Something" was his favorite Lennon-McCartney song. [cite web | last = | first = | url = http://vegasblog.latimes.com/vegas/2006/12/sinatra_elvis_a.html | title = Sinatra, Elvis and The Beatles | format = | work = | publisher =Los Angeles Times | accessdate = 2007-11-20] The song was released on a double-sided single.

Harrison was rapidly growing as a songwriter, and with "Abbey Road", he made his most significant contributions to a Beatles album. "Something" became the first Beatles number one single that was not a Lennon-McCartney composition, while "Here Comes the Sun" has received significant radio airplay despite never having been released as a single. "Something" was sung by McCartney, accompanied for the first part of the song just on ukulele, at Concert for George on the first anniversary of Harrison's passing. Eric Clapton sang the rest with McCartney on harmony vocals and band accompaniment.

"Maxwell's Silver Hammer"

"Maxwell's Silver Hammer", McCartney's first song on the album, was first performed by the Beatles during the "Let It Be" sessions (as can be seen in the "Let It Be" documentary).

According to Geoff Emerick's book, "Here, There and Everywhere," John Lennon despised this song, criticizing it as "more of Paul's granny music", and refused to participate in the recording of the song.

"Oh! Darling"

When recording "Oh! Darling", McCartney attempted recording only once a day, so that his voice would be fresh on the recording. Lennon was of the opinion that was the type of song that he would've sung the lead on, remarking that it was more his style. On the "Anthology 3" album, Lennon can be heard singing the lead on an ad-libbed verse regarding the news that Yoko Ono's divorce from her first husband had just come through.

"Octopus's Garden"

Starr wrote and sang one song for the album, "Octopus's Garden", his second (and last) composition released on a Beatles album. It was inspired by a trip to Sardinia that occurred when Starr left the band for two weeks with his family during the sessions for "The White Album". While there, he composed the song, which is arguably his most successful writing effort. While Starr had the lyrics nearly pinned down, the song's melodic structure was partly written in the studio by Harrison (as can be seen in the "Let It Be" film), although Harrison gave full songwriting credit to Starr. (Harrison and Starr would later collaborate on Starr's solo single "Photograph", and Harrison also probably collaborated with Starr in writing "It Don't Come Easy").

"I Want You (She's So Heavy)"

"I Want You (She's So Heavy)", is a combination of two somewhat different recording attempts. The first attempt occurred almost immediately after the "Get Back/Let It Be" sessions in February 1969 and featuring Billy Preston on keyboards. This was subsequently combined with a second version made during the "Abbey Road" sessions proper, and when edited together ran nearly 8 minutes long, making it The Beatles's second-longest released song ("Revolution 9" being the longest). Perhaps more than any other Beatles song, "I Want You (She's So Heavy)" reveals a pronounced progressive rock influence, with its unusual length and structure, repeating guitar riff, and "white noise" effects; the "I Want You" section has a straightforward blues structure. It also features one of the earliest uses of a Moog synthesizer to create the white-noise or "wind" effect heard near the end of the track. During the final edit, as the guitar riff continues on and on, Lennon told engineer Geoff Emerick to "cut it right there" at the 7:44 mark, creating a sudden, jarring silence which concluded side one of "Abbey Road". The final overdub session for "I Want You (She's So Heavy)" would be the last time all four Beatles worked in the studio together.

ide two

"Here Comes the Sun"

"Here Comes the Sun" is Harrison's second song on the album and one of his best-known songs, written in Eric Clapton's garden while Harrison was "sagging off" from an Apple board meeting, which he considered tedious. It was influenced by the Cream song "Badge", which was co-written with Eric Clapton and George. While not released as a single, the song has received frequent radio airplay since its release. Joe Brown would later sing it at "Concert for George."

"Because"

"Because" features a Moog synthesizer, played by Harrison. The chords in "Because" were inspired by Ludwig van Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata", which Lennon heard Ono play on the piano, after which, according to Lennon, he played the notes backwards. "Because" features three-part harmonies by Lennon, McCartney, and Harrison, which were then triple-tracked to sound like nine singers. The results of this have been compared in sound to the Beach Boys. As recalled by Geoff Emerick, during the recording of the harmonies, they sat on a bench around the microphone and Starr sat there along with the others, perhaps in an unconscious display of love and brotherhood, despite their increasing differences.

The medley

The climax of the album is the sixteen-minute medley consisting of several short songs, both finished and unfinished, blended into a suite by McCartney and George Martin. Most of these songs were written (and originally recorded in demo form) during sessions for "The Beatles" and the "Get Back"/"Let It Be" sessions.

"You Never Give Me Your Money" is the first song of the Abbey Road suite. It was written by McCartney and based loosely on The Beatles' financial problems with Apple. It is followed by three Lennon compositions, "Sun King" (which, like "Because", showcases Lennon's, McCartney's, and Harrison's overdubbed harmonies), "Mean Mr. Mustard" (written during The Beatles' trip to India), and "Polythene Pam". These in turn are followed by four McCartney songs, "She Came in Through the Bathroom Window" (written after a fan came into McCartney's residence literally through the bathroom window [Steve Turner, "A Hard Day's Write", Harper, 1994, page 198] ), "Golden Slumbers" (based on lyrics but not the music of Thomas Dekker's 17th-century song of the same name), "Carry That Weight" which features chorus vocals from all four of The Beatles, although Lennon was in hospital at the time of the primary recording due to a car accident with Ono, his son Julian and Ono's daughter Kyoko (he recorded his vocals at a later date), and the climax, "The End". The latter is notable for featuring Starr's only drum solo in The Beatles catalogue. Starr hated solos and had to be persuaded to do it. It was even edited down several bars from its original recorded version. Toward the end of the song, immediately prior to "And in the end, the love you take is equal to the love you make" line played over piano chords, are eighteen bars or measures of guitar solo: the first two bars are played by Paul McCartney, the second two by George Harrison, and the third two by John Lennon, then the sequence repeats. Each had a distinctive style which McCartney felt reflected their personalities: McCartney's playing included string bends similar to his lead guitar work on "Another Girl" from the "Help!" album; Harrison's was melodic with slides yet technically advanced and Lennon's was rhythmic, stinging and had the heaviest distortion. Immediately after Lennon's third solo, the piano chords of the final line "And in the end...." begins.

An alternate version with Harrison's lead guitar solo played against McCartney's (with Starr's drum solo heard slightly in the background) appears on the "Anthology 3" album. The song ends with the memorable final line, "And in the end, the love you take is equal to the love you make".

"Her Majesty"

"Her Majesty", tacked on the end, was originally part of the side two medley, appearing between "Mean Mr. Mustard" and "Polythene Pam". McCartney disliked the way the medley sounded when it included "Her Majesty", so he had the medley re-edited to remove it. However, second engineer John Kurlander had been instructed never to throw out anything, so after the group left the recording studio that day, he picked it up off the floor, spliced 14 seconds of red leader tape onto the final mix reel, and then spliced in "Her Majesty" immediately after the leader tape. The box of the album's master reel had a notation stating to leave "Her Majesty" off the final product, but the next day when Malcolm Davies at Apple received the tape, he (also trained not to throw anything away) cut a playback lacquer of the whole sequence, including "Her Majesty". The Beatles liked this effect and left it on the album. On the first printing of the LP cover, "Her Majesty" is not listed, although it is shown on the record label."Her Majesty" opens with the final, crashing chord of "Mean Mr. Mustard", while the final note of "Her Majesty" remained buried in the mix of "Polythene Pam". This was the result of "Her Majesty" being snipped off the reel during a rough mix of the medley. The cut in the medley was subsequently disguised with further mixing although "Her Majesty" was not touched again and still appears in its rough mix.

Production notes

"Abbey Road" was the only Beatles album mainly recorded on an 8-track tape machine, rather than the 4-track machines that were used for prior Beatle albums. This is noticeable in the better sound separation and mixing of the drum kit. EMI's conservative management had not yet approved the use of their then-new 8-track Studer deck, and that accounts for why this was one of the rare Beatles albums to be recorded at three different studios (Trident, Olympic, and Abbey Road). The album was also the first to be recorded and mixed entirely on a solid state sound board, giving the album's sound a noticeably different "feel" from its predecessors; Harrison later remarked that the new sound was too "harsh" for his liking. Also, the Moog synthesizer is featured on the majority of tracks, not merely as a background effect, but sometimes playing a central role, as in "Because" where it's used for the middle 8. It is also prominent on "Maxwell's Silver Hammer" and "Here Comes the Sun". The instrument was introduced to the band by Harrison after a stay in Los Angeles where he was introduced to the instrument. (The first landmark pop song to employ the Moog was "Daily Nightly" by The Monkees.) Earlier in 1969, Harrison had released "Electronic Sound", which featured dissonant sounds entirely made from a Moog, on Apple's short-lived experimental label Zapple.

One of the assistant engineers working on the album was a then-unknown Alan Parsons. He went on to engineer Pink Floyd's landmark album "The Dark Side of the Moon" and produce many popular albums himself with The Alan Parsons Project. John Kurlander also assisted on many of the sessions, and went on to become a successful engineer and producer, most noteworthy for his success on the scores for "The Lord of the Rings" film trilogy.

Album cover photograph

"At some point, the album was going to be titled "Everest", after the brand of cigarettes I used to smoke", recalls Geoff Emerick. The idea included a cover photo in the Himalayas, but by the time the group was to take the photo, they decided to call it "Abbey Road" and take the photo outside the studio, on 8 August 1969. The cover designer was Apple Records creative Director Kosh. The cover photograph was taken by photographer Iain Macmillan. Macmillan was given only ten minutes around 11.30 that morning to take the photo. That cover photograph has since become one of the most famous and most imitated album covers in recording history. The man standing on the pavement in the background is Paul Cole (d. 13 February 2008 [ [http://www.tcpalm.com/news/2008/feb/15/30gtpaul-cole-man-on-beatles-abbey-road-cover/ TCPalm: Paul Cole, man on Beatles' 'Abbey Road' cover, dies] ] ), an American tourist who was unaware that he was being photographed until he saw the album cover months later. [ [http://beatles.ncf.ca/abbeyrd_album_cover.html The Abbey Road Album Cover ] ] [ [http://www.abc.net.au/adelaide/stories/s1076516.htm Life on the cover of Abbey Road :: ABC Adelaide ] ] The zebra crossing today remains a popular destination for Beatles fans; see the Abbey Road [http://www.abbeyroad.com/visit/ webcam] .

The Beetle

The Volkswagen Beetle parked next to the zebra crossing belonged to one of the people living in the apartment across from the recording studio. After the album came out, the number plate was stolen repeatedly from the car. In 1986, the car was sold at an auction for $23,000 and is currently on display at the Volkswagen museum in Wolfsburg, Germany.

Imitations and parodies

The front cover of "Abbey Road" has become an icon within popular culture and has been imitated and lampooned repeatedly. The zebra crossing at Abbey Road is also a popular tourist destination, with visitors making their own recreation an extremely common sight.

In music

Many record covers have imitated the cover of "Abbey Road", many using photographs shot at the same zebra crossing. Some of the best known of these include Red Hot Chili Peppers' "The Abbey Road E.P." (in which the band appear nude, apart from tactfully placed socks), Paul McCartney's live album "Paul Is Live", Beatles parody The Rutles's "Shabby Road", The Shadows's "Live At Abbey Road" LP, Booker T. & the M.G.s's LP McLemore Avenue, Kanye West's "Live Orchestration" DVD (recorded at Abbey Road studios) and Sttellla's "A.B. Rose" (recorded live at the Ancienne Belgique, with the band dressed in rose).

In film

In Danny Boyle's "Trainspotting" the four main characters walk towards a climactic drug deal processing the "wrong" way across the famous crossing. The 1998 Walt Disney movie "The Parent Trap" featured a brief imitation — including a freeze frame to make it obvious. The very final shot of the Spanish movie "El factor Pilgrim" (The Pilgrim Factor) by Alberto Rodriguez and Santi Amodeo features the four main characters crossing Abbey Road in procession. "I am Sam", which features covers of Beatles songs as its soundtrack, features a scene in which several characters walk across a zebra crossing carrying pink balloons.

In television

In the opening titles of the 2006 series of "Grumpy Old Men", Rick Wakeman, Tim Rice, Rory McGrath and Arthur Smith are walking across the crossing when they get run over by a speeding chav talking on his mobile while driving. In the television show "The Simpsons", Homer's successful barbershop quartet The Be Sharps' second album "Bigger Than Jesus" included a parody of the cover with the four band members walking on water. There is an episode of The Powerpuff Girls called Meet the Beat-Alls, where four of the main villains unite as a super group of villains. At one point in the cartoon, they cross a street in Abbey Road cover art fashion. The 2003 Japanese tokusatsu series "Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger" features the 4 main Abarangers during the first part of the closing credits walking in a slow fashion across a street similar to Abbey Road. The comedy programme Absolutely Fabulous also used the crossing in an episode in series 5. The boyfriend of character Edina 'Eddy' Monsoon is working on a 'lost' Beatles tape in the studio at Abbey Road. Both Edina and Patsy ridicule Japanese tourists for posing on the crossing. Most recently, it was parodied by the characters of the Nicktoon "Kappa Mikey" during the opening and closing song of the Karaoke Episode. Just like the "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" album, the song that parodies it is sang in both its main theme and a reprisal. The back cover of the album was parodied in the title card of the "SpongeBob SquarePants" episode "Krabby Road", and the episode's title parodied the album's title.

Other

Bob and Tom's second comedy album, "Shabbey Road", released Christmas 1987, parodied "Abbey Road" in both title and hand-drawn cover art—as opposed to photographed. The cover depicted a faithful re-creation of the "Abbey Road" cover, complete with VW bug parked askew, and traversing the crosswalk are the radio show's titular stars Bob Kevoian and Tom Griswold, along with Richard Nixon and an unknown male of short stature at the back of the line (a member of the B&T troupe, named "Hadji"). Griswold wears a white armband lettered "IBB", standing for "I Buried Bob", and Hadji wears one lettered "HSBD", or "Hadji Says Bob's Dead." Bob himself, facing the viewer wide-eyed, wears an L. A. Dodgers baseball cap.) On the label of the record itself, Kevoian and Griswold appear in caricature on Side 1; on Side 2 only Griswold appears, with a mere outline of the Kevoian caricature. This is the second of two B&T compilations to be named after or parody Beatles albums (the other being their first release, "The White Album".) Both albums are out-of-print.

The promotional photo of the 2004–2006 Reebok home shirt of Liverpool FC (the last home shirt made by the company before the club resumed association with adidas in 2006) deliberate homage to the photo. It featured Steven Gerrard, Sami Hyypiä, Harry Kewell and John Arne Riise. The original version of the advert, first featured on the club's website, [http://www.liverpoolfc.tv/newkit/] featured Michael Owen, but following his transfer to Real Madrid shortly afterwards, he was airbrushed out and replaced with Riise—at the same time, Gerrard's visible shirt number was digitally altered from 17 to the 8 that he had since been allocated.

In the video for "Parklife" by Blur, Phil Daniels suddenly stops the car as the band walk over a zebra crossing in the style of the Beatles.

On the back cover of the textbook "Molecular Biology of the Cell", third edition, the authors in alphabetical order cross Abbey Road on their way to lunch [http://sandwalk.blogspot.com/2007/03/some-days-i-feel-really-old.html] (including UCL professor Martin Raff without shoes). Much of this edition was written in a house just around the corner.

The cover for Ren & Stimpy's "You Eediot!" album features Ren, Stimpy, Muddy Mudskipper and Mr. Horse, crossing Abbey Road in similar fashion.

In the 9 December 2007 episode of Kevin and Kell the Dewclaw family crosses the road in AR fashion to visit their neighbour Aby Eyeshine. The title of the spoof is "Aby's Roadkill".

Dream Theater drummer Mike Portnoy is seen running across Abbey Road barefoot and exclaiming it "a dream come true" in their video.

Booster Gold #6 features a panel of Booster Gold getting into a time bubble with three Blue Beetles in the manner similar to the Abbey Road cover.

As one of the many Rolling Stone covers released for The Simpson's movie, Homer, Marge, Bart, and Lisa play the roles of John, Paul, Ringo, and George (not in any particular order).

Cover versions

The songs on "Abbey Road" have been covered many times (see the song articles for more details) and the album itself has been covered in its entirety.

One month after "Abbey Road"'s release, George Benson recorded a cover version of the album called "The Other Side of Abbey Road". In 1970 Booker T. & the M.G.'s recorded "McLemore Avenue" (the location of Stax Records) which covered the "Abbey Road" songs and had a similar cover photo.

Additionally, several artists have covered some or all of the side B medley, including Phil Collins (for the George Martin/Beatles tribute album "In My Life"), Dream Theater, Transatlantic, The Punkles and 70 Volt Parade.

Accolades

In 1997, "Abbey Road" was named the 12th greatest album of all time in a 'Music of the Millennium' poll conducted by HMV, Channel 4, "The Guardian" and Classic FM; it received the same ranking in a 1998 poll of "Q" magazine readers. In 2000, "Q" placed it at number 17 in its list of the 100 Greatest British Albums Ever. [cite web | last = | first = | url = http://www.rocklistmusic.co.uk/qlists.html#100%20Greatest%20British%20Albums | title = The 100 Greatest British Albums Ever | format = | work = | publisher =Q | accessdate = 2007-11-20] In 2001, the TV network VH1 named it the 8th greatest album ever, [cite web | last = | first = | url = http://www.timepieces.nl/Top100's/2001VH1MusicRadio.html | title = 2001 VH1 Cable Music Channel All Time Album Top 100 | format = | work = | publisher =VH1 | accessdate = 2007-11-19] and, in December 2003, it was named the 14th best album by "Rolling Stone".cite web | url=http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/6597647/14_abbey_road |title=The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time|accessdate=2007-11-19 |publisher=Rolling Stone] In 2006, the album was chosen by Time Magazine as one of the 100 best albums of all time. [cite web | last = | first = | url = http://www.time.com/time/2006/100albums/index.html | title = The All-Time 100 Albums | format = | work = | publisher =Time | accessdate = 2007-11-20] In 2006, "Abbey Road" was rated as Australia's fourth favourite album on "My Favourite Album", a television special done by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation aired on 3 December 2006 (it was the highest position for a Beatles Album on that list).cite web | url = http://www.abc.net.au/myfavouritealbum/top100.htm | title = My Favourite Album | accessdate = 2006-12-03 | date = 2006-12-03 | publisher = Australian Broadcasting Corporation]

Track listing

tracklist
headline = Side one
extra_column = Lead vocals
writing_credits = yes

title1 = Come Together
writer1 = Lennon/McCartney
extra1 = John Lennon
length1 = 4:20

title2 = Something
writer2 = Harrison
extra2 = George Harrison
length2 = 3:03

title3 = Maxwell's Silver Hammer
writer3 = Lennon/McCartney
extra3 = Paul McCartney
length3 = 3:27

title4 = Oh! Darling
writer4 = Lennon/McCartney
extra4 = McCartney
length4 = 3:33

title5 = Octopus's Garden
writer5 = Starkey
extra5 = Ringo Starr
length5 = 2:51

title6 = I Want You (She's So Heavy)
writer6 = Lennon/McCartney
extra6 = Lennon
length6 = 7:47

tracklist
headline = Side two
extra_column = Lead vocals
total_length = 47:23
writing_credits = yes

title7 = Here Comes the Sun
writer7 = Harrison
extra7 = Harrison
length7 = 3:05

title8 = Because
writer8 = Lennon/McCartney
extra8 = Lennon, McCartney, Harrison
length8 = 2:45

title9 = You Never Give Me Your Money
writer9 = Lennon/McCartney
extra9 = McCartney
length9 = 4:02

title10 = Sun King
writer10 = Lennon/McCartney
extra10 = Lennon
length10 = 2:26

title11 = Mean Mr. Mustard
writer11 = Lennon/McCartney
extra11 = Lennon
length11 = 1:06

title12 = Polythene Pam
writer12 = Lennon/McCartney
extra12 = Lennon
length12 = 1:12

title13 = She Came in Through the Bathroom Window
writer13 = Lennon/McCartney
extra13 = McCartney
length13 = 1:57

title14 = Golden Slumbers
writer14 = Lennon/McCartney
extra14 = McCartney
length14 = 1:31

title15 = Carry That Weight
writer15 = Lennon/McCartney
extra15 = Lennon, McCartney, Harrison, Starr
length15 = 1:36

title16 = The End
writer16 = Lennon/McCartney
extra16 = McCartney
length16 = 2:05

title17 = Her Majesty
writer17 = Lennon/McCartney
extra17 = McCartney
length17 = 0:23
; Notes
* "Her Majesty" appears as a hidden track. Between "The End" and "Her Majesty" is 14 seconds of silence.
* One cassette tape version in the US had "Come Together" and "Here Comes the Sun" swapped so that Harrison's composition opens the album. All subsequent versions (including the CD) have restored the track listing to its original order.
* Tracks 8 through 16 are sometimes noted as one song (medley) called "The Abbey Road Medley".
* Tracks 14 through 16 are sometimes noted as one song called "The Golden Slumbers Medley".

Personnel

According to Mark Lewisohn [cite book |title= The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions: The Official Story of the Abbey Road Years (1962-1970)|last= Lewisohn|first= Mark|authorlink= Mark Lewisohn|coauthors= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= ISBN 0-681-03189-1|pages= ] and Allan W. Pollack. [cite web | url = http://www.icce.rug.nl/~soundscapes/DATABASES/AWP/awp-notes_on.shtml | title = Notes on... series | format = HTML | accessdate = 2008-03-10]

*John Lennon: lead and rhythm guitars; 6 & 12 string acoustic guitars; lead, harmony and background vocals (sometime multitracked); electric and acoustic pianos; Hammond organ and Moog synthesizer; white noise generator and sound effects; tambourine and maracas.
*Paul McCartney: lead, rhythm, acoustic and bass guitars; fuzz bass; lead, harmony and background vocals (sometimes multitracked); electric and acoustic pianos; Hammond organ and Moog synthesizer (ribbon strip); handclaps and assorted percussion and sound effects.
*George Harrison: lead, rhythm, acoustic and bass guitars; lead, harmony and background vocals (sometimes multitracked); Hammond organ, harmonium and Moog synthethizer; handclaps and assorted percussion.
*Ringo Starr: drums, percussion, timpani, anvil and handclaps; lead and background vocals.
*George Martin: piano; electric harpsichord, harmonium and percussion.
*Billy Preston: Hammond organ on "Something" and on early takes of "I Want You (She´s So Heavy)".

Production

*"Something" and "Here Comes the Sun" orchestrated and conducted by George Martin (with George Harrison).
*"Golden Slumbers", "Carry That Weight" and "The End" orchestrated and conducted by George Martin (with Paul McCartney).
*Produced by George Martin (with The Beatles).
*Recorded by Geoff Emerick and Phil McDonald.
*Mixed by Geoff Emerick, Phil McDonald and George Martin (with The Beatles).
*Moog programming by Mike Vicker.

Release history

ee also

* Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time

Notes

External links

* [http://home.att.net/~chuckayoub/the_beatles_video_2.htm Overview of Abbey Road]
* [http://www.geocities.com/~beatleboy1/dba11road.html Beatles comments on each song]
* [http://www.norwegianwood.org/beatles/disko/uklp/abbey.htm Recording data and notes]
* [http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/13436 Gallery of various parodies of the Album's cover]

succession box
before = "Green River" by Creedence Clearwater Revival
title = "Billboard" 200 number one album
years = 1 November - 26 December 1969
3 January - 16 January 1970
24 January - 30 January 1970
after = "Led Zeppelin II" by Led Zeppelin
succession box
before = "Hair (soundtrack)" by Original Broadway Cast
title = Australian Kent Music Report number one album
years = 25 October 1969 - 1 March 1970
after = "Led Zeppelin II" by Led Zeppelin

References

Lewisohn, Mark. "The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions: The Official Story of the Abbey Road Years", ISBN 0-681-03189-1.

_____________. "The Complete Beatles Chronicle", ISBN 0-600-60033-5.

Pollack, Allan W. "Notes on... series", retrieved from http://www.icce.rug.nl/~soundscapes/DATABASES/AWP/awp-notes_on.shtml


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