Black Fast


Black Fast

The Black Fast is a severe form of Catholic fasting. It is the most rigorous in the history of church legislation and is marked by austerity regarding the quantity and quality of food permitted on fasting days as well as the time when such food is legitimately taken. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02590c.htm The Black Fast] - Catholic Encyclopedia article] Traditionally, the Black Fast was undertaken during Lent and for a prescribed period of time preceding ordination.

The details of the fast, as they were prior to the tenth century, are as follows:

* No more than one meal per day was permitted
* Flesh meat, eggs, butter, cheese and milk were forbidden
* The meal was not allowed until after sunset
* Alcohol was forbidden
* During Holy Week, the meal consisted exclusively of bread, salt, herbs, and water

Some Eastern Rites Catholics Black Fast on Fridays during Lent, and especially on Good Friday. The Black Fast is still observed by the Eastern Orthodox on Wednesdays and Fridays and during the 40 days of Lent and three other fasting periods of the year.

St Basil, St Ambrose, St John Chrysostom and Pope St Gregory I have offered unequivocal testimony concerning the benefits of the Black Fast. The keynote of their teaching is summed up by St Bernard of Clairvaux when he says, "hitherto we have fasted only until None [3 pm] whereas, now kings and princes, clergy and laity, rich and poor will fast until evening". In the tenth century, the custom of taking the only meal of the day at three o'clock was introduced. In the fourteenth century, the hour of taking this meal was changed to noon-day. Shortly afterwards, the practice of taking a snack in the evening began to gain ground. Finally, the custom of taking some bread and coffee in the morning was introduced in the early part of the nineteenth century. During the past century, owing to ever changing circumstances of time and place, the Church has gradually relaxed the severity of all penitential requirements, so that now little more than a vestige of the former rigour remains.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • black fast — noun : a fast of the most severe kind * * * black fast, a nonobligatory fast of the Roman Catholic Church in which the evening meal is restricted to bread and water …   Useful english dictionary

  • black-fast — ˈ ̷ ̷| ̷ ̷ intransitive verb : to undergo a black fast …   Useful english dictionary

  • Black Fast, The — • This form of fasting, the most rigorous in the history of church legislation, was marked by austerity regarding the quantity and quality of food permitted on fasting days as well as the time wherein such food might be legitimately taken… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • The Black Fast —     The Black Fast     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Black Fast     This form of fasting, the most rigorous in the history of church legislation, was marked by austerity regarding the quantity and quality of food permitted on fasting days as well …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Fast — • Abstinence from food or drink Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Fast     Fast     † Catholic …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Fast as a Shark — Chanson par Accept extrait de l’album Restless and Wild Sortie octobre 1982 Enregistrement février, mars et juin 1982 Dierks Studios (Cologne) Durée 3:48 Genre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fast chess — Fast chess, also known as blitz chess, lightning chess, sudden death, speed chess, bullet chess and rapid chess, is a type of chess game in which each side is given less time to make their moves than under the normal tournament time controls of… …   Wikipedia

  • Black Metal — Entstehungsphase: 1980er Jahre Herkunftsort: Hauptsächlich Europa Stilistische Vorläufer Thrash Metal Pionierba …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fast Man Raider Man — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fast Man Raider Man Álbum de Frank Black Publicación 20 de junio de 2006 (Estados Unidos) 19 de julio de 2006(Reino Unido) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Black tea — is a variety of tea that is more oxidized than the oolong, green, and white varieties.All four varieties are made from leaves of Camellia sinensis. Black tea is generally stronger in flavor and contains more caffeine than the less oxidized… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.