- Bandura development
Bandura technology and development
With the accelerated development of
bandurist capellasas an art form came the accelerated development of technology related to the performance on the bandura.
At the beginning of the 20th century the instrument the instrument was thought to have gone into total disuse. At the time it had some 20 strings with wooden pegs. The volume obtained from the instrument was not loud enough for the concert stage.
Initial developments were made in making the range of the instrument greater and improving the sonority of the instrument. By 1911 instruments with 32 diatonically tuned strings had become common, almost replacing the traditional instruments played by the traditional
Metal tuning pegs made an appearance in c.1914. This allowed the performer to accurately tune his instrument. This was crucial particularly when playing in an ensemble.
By the mid 20's, chromatic strings were also added to the instrument which allowed the performer to play accidentals and allowed the performer to modulate into close related keys. The construction of the instrument was modified to allow for the additional tension of these strings. The number of strings rose to about 56.
n 1931 the first mechanisms were developed, which allowed the bandurist to quickly retune his instrument in a variety of more distinct keys.
In Germany in 1948, the
Honcharenko brothersin the workshops of the Ukrainian Bandurist Choruscontinued to refine the mechanism to make it more reliable for the concert stage and also even out the tone of the instrument.
Similar developments were also undertaken by
Ivan Skliarin Ukraine who in 1956 developed the concert Kyiv bandura- an instrument which has become the workhorse of most professional bandurists in Ukraine. A slightly more refined instrument was also developed later by Professor Vasyl Herasymenkoin Lviv.
In the late 70's these concert instruments began to be manufactured serially by the
Chernihiv factory, and later the Lviv factory.
In the mid 70's artificial fingernails were also developed which allowed the bandurist to perform more professionally. In the 1960s the foundation of the modern professional bandura technique and repertoire were laid by professor
Serhiy Bashtanbased on work he had done with students from the Kyiv Conservatory.
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