- Jacob Gretser
Jacob Gretser (
March 27 1562– January 29 1625) was a celebrated German Jesuitwriter.
Gretser was born at
Markdorfin the Diocese of Constance. He entered the Society of Jesusin 1578, and nine years later he defended publicly theses covering the whole field of theology. Ingolstadt was the principal scene of his work; here he taught philosophy for three years, dogmatic theologyfor fourteen and moral theologyfor seven years. He gave at least ten hours a day to his studies, which he protracted, at times, till late into the night, in order to devote part of the day to works of charity and zeal.
He was recognized as one of the best controversialists of his time, and was highly esteemed by
Pope Clement VIII, Emperor Ferdinand II, and Maximilian I of Bavaria. Some of the greatest of his age, such as Cardinal Bellarmineand Marcus Welser, corresponded with him and consulted him in their difficulties. He died at Ingolstadt.
He edited or expained many works of the
patristicand medievalwriters, and composed erudite treatiseson most diverse subjects. Carlos Sommervogelenumerates two hundred and twenty-nine titles of printedworks and thirty-nine manuscriptsattributed to Gretser, but it is convenient to follow the grouping of his writings as they are distributed in the seventeen foliosof the complete edition which appeared in Ratisbon(1734-1741).
*Vols. I-III contain archaeological and theological disquisitions concerning the Cross of Christ
*IV-V, a defence of several ecclesiastical feasts and rites
*VI-VII, apologies for several Roman pontiffs
*VIII-IX, a defence of Bellarmine's writings, to which vol. X adds a defence of some lives of the Saints
*XI, a defence of the Society of Jesus
*XII, polemics against the
*XIII, polemic miscellanies
*XIV-XV, editions and translations of Greek ecclesiastical writer
*XVI-XVII, philological works
volume, for instance, contains five books treating successively of the Crosson which Jesus Christdied, of images of the cross, of apparitions of the Holy Cross, of the sign of the cross, and of the spiritual cross. The second volume given fifty-seven Graeco-Latin eulogiesof the Holy Cross by Greek writers, the third treats of cross-bearing coins, of the Crusades, adding also a defence of both the Crusades and the veneration of the Cross.
*Schrodl, in Kirchenlex., s. v.
Hugo von Hurter, "Nomenclator"
Carlos Sommervogel, "Bibliotheque de la Campagnie de Jesus", s. v.
*"This article incorporates text from the 1913 "
Catholic Encyclopedia" article " [http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_%281913%29/Jacob_Gretser Jacob Gretser] " by A.J. Maas, a publication now in the public domain."
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