Umpqua National Forest


Umpqua National Forest

Infobox_protected_area | name = Umpqua National Forest
iucn_category = V



caption =
locator_x = 18
locator_y = 39
location = Oregon, USA
nearest_city = Roseburg, Oregon
lat_degrees = 43
lat_minutes = 13
lat_seconds = 21
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 122
long_minutes = 15
long_seconds = 15
long_direction = W
area = convert|985980|acre|km2
established = July 1, 1908
visitation_num = 799,000 [http://www.fs.fed.us/recreation/programs/nvum/revised_vis_est.pdf Revised Visitation Estimates] - National Forest Service]
visitation_year = 2006
governing_body = United States Forest Service

Umpqua National Forest, in southern Oregon's Cascade mountains, covers an area of one-million acres (4,000 km²) in Douglas, Lane, and Jackson Counties, and borders Crater Lake National Park. The four ranger districts that comprise the Forest are Cottage Grove, Diamond Lake, North Umpqua, and Tiller Ranger Districts. The Forest is managed by the United States Forest Service, headquartered in Roseburg.

Geography

Stands of hemlock, true fir, Douglas-fir and cedar transition to lower elevation forests of mixed conifers and hardwoods. Timbered valleys of old-growth ponderosa and groves of oak separate mountains like the convert|9182|ft|m|sing=on Mount Thielsen and the convert|8363|ft|m|sing=on Mount Bailey. Notable geologic features include volcanic basalt and andesite monolithic spires with descriptive names like Eagle Rock, Rattlesnake Rock, and Old Man.

History

Ancestors of the Umpqua, Southern Molalla, Yoncalla, and Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians lived here before Mount Mazama erupted forming Crater Lake nearly 7,000 years ago. The Indians were moved to reservations in 1856 and, ss Europeans bought reservation lands, the tribes further fragmented to become farmers and ranchers in the Umpqua Valley. Two translations of the word "umpqua" are "thundering waters" and "across the waters". [http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/umpqua/ [Umpqua National Forest] from the US Forest Service]

The Umpqua National Forest was created by Congress on July 1, 1908. The Forest Service staff soon began building trails, constructing bridges, fighting fires, monitoring grazing, and erecting lookouts. Logging and mining began in 1925. The Civilian Conservation Corps was active in the Umpqua National Forest by building roads, bridges and recreation facilities in the 1930s.

Points of interest

Umpqua National Forest is home to over 250 wildlife species. Large mammals such as elk, deer, black bear, and cougar, as well as the smaller residents, squirrels, fox, raccoons, and bats are supported by the diverse forest habitats. Raptors such as owls, eagles, osprey, and even peregrine falcons can occasionally be seen in the forest. Coho and Chinook salmon and steelhead, rainbow, brown and cutthroat trout swim, feed and spawn in the rivers and streams of the Forest. [ [http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/umpqua/about/ About the Umpqua National Forest] from the US Forest Service.]

Recreational activities in the Forest include camping, fishing, hiking, horseback riding, mountain biking, rock climbing, and boating. Winter activities include both nordic and downhill skiing, as well as snowshoeing and snowmobiling.

In 1988, the Oregon Omnibus Wild and Scenic Rivers Act designated a portion of the North Umpqua River a part of the Wild and Scenic River system. Twenty-six miles of the river run through the Forest.

The Rogue-Umpqua National Scenic Byway extends convert|172|mi|km through the Rogue River and Umpqua National Forests, as well as the Medford and Roseburg districts of the Bureau of Land Management and private lands.

Wilderness areas

The Umpqua National Forest contains three Wilderness Areas: Boulder Creek, Rogue-Umpqua Divide, and Mount Thielsen.

Boulder Creek

Boulder Creek is a convert|19100|acre|km2|sing=on Wilderness area located convert|50|mi|km east of Roseburg. One popular area in Boulder Creek is Pine Bench. A flat area overlooking Boulder Creek, Pine Bench is home to a grove of majestic old growth Ponderosa pines. In 1996 the Spring Fire burned convert|16500|acre|km2 in the Boulder Creek Wilderness. [ [http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/umpqua/recreation/wilderness/boulder.html Boulder Creek Wilderness] from the US Forest Service]

Rogue-Umpqua Divide

The Rogue-Umpqua Divide is a convert|33000|acre|km2|sing=on Wilderness area, convert|26350|acre|km2 of which is inside the National Forest. Located convert|80|mi|km east of Roseburg, the Rogue-Umpqua Divide ranges in elevation from 3,200 to convert|6878|ft|m and separates the drainages of the Rogue and Umpqua rivers. The Wilderness includes sub-alpine meadows and old-growth forests. [ [http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/umpqua/recreation/wilderness/rog-ump.html Rogue-Umpqua Wilderness] from the US Forest Service]

Mount Thielsen

Mount Thielsen is a convert|55100|acre|km2|sing=on Wilderness area, convert|21593|acre|km2 of which is located inside the National Forest. Located convert|80|mi|km east of Roseburg, this Wilderness area is the largest in the Umpqua. The convert|9182|ft|m|sing=on Mt. Thielsen was born of the same volcanic activity that created Crater Lake and some trails pass over deep pumice that was deposited when Mt. Mazama erupted. The Pacific Crest Trail passes through the middle of the Wilderness area. [ [http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/umpqua/recreation/wilderness/thielsen.html Mount Thielsen Wilderness] from the US Forest Service]

References

External links

* [http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/umpqua/ Forest Service Page on Umpqua National Forest]
* [http://forrestcroce.com/Galleries/PacificNorthwest.html Landscape Photos Showing Umpqua National Forest]
* [http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/umpqua/recreation/wilderness/wild.html Umpqua National Forest Wilderness Areas]


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