Abhidharma Pitaka


Abhidharma Pitaka

One of the three divisions of the Tripitaka, or canon of Buddhist scriptures. In fact different schools of Buddhism use the term to refer to quite different collections of writings.

Theravada Buddhism has its Abhidhamma Pitaka, included in the Pali Canon. This consists of seven books. [Hinüber, "Handbook of Pali Literature", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 1996]

* Dhammasangani
* Vibhanga
* Dhatukatha
* Puggalapannatti
* Kathavatthu
* Yamaka
* Patthana

The extinct Sarvastivada school had its own Abhidharma Pitaka, also in seven books. [Nakamura, "Indian Buddhism", Japan, 1980, reissued by Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi]

* Jnanaprasthana
* Sangitiparyaya
* Dharmaskandha
* Prajnaptipada
* Jnanakaya
* Dhatukaya
* Prakaranapada

The Prajnaptipada survives complete only in Tibetan translation, the others in Chinese. ["Encyclopedia of Religion", volume 2, Macmillan, New York, 1987, page 514] As can be seen, these are different works from the Pali ones, though there is some overlap in material and ideas.

There is also a Chinese translation of a work called Sariputrabhidharmasastra, which may be all or part of the Abhidharma Pitaka of another school, perhaps the Dharmaguptakas. Other early schools of Buddhism are known to have had Abhidharma Pitakas, but nothing of these survives (apart perhaps from a few quotations).

Details of all the above works can be found in "Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies", ed Potter, volume VII, Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, 1996.

In the Mahayana traditions, the term Abhidharma Pitaka is used differently. In the Tibetan tradition it is used to refer to the Prajnaparamita. In the Chinese tradition its use varies. [Nanjio, "Catalogue of the Chinese Transations of the Buddhist Tripitaka", Clarendon, Oxford, 1883, introduction] It always adds to the Chinese translations mentioned above, translations of Sarvastivada, and other works about abhidharma that those schools do not themselves count as canonical, along with some similar works of the mahayana. Mahayana does not make a distinction between canonical and non-canonical abhidharma works because it does not regard any of them as strictly canonical (likewise, the Tibetan translation of the Prajnaptipada is included in the Tenjur, or non-canonical Indian writings, not the Kanjur, or canon of scripture proper). Some Chinese sources extend this pitaka to include all important non-canonical writings.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abhidharma pitaka — Tercera y última colección de textos que comprenden el canon pali (ver Tripitaka) del budismo theravada. Las primeras dos colecciones, el Sutta pitaka y el Vinaya pitaka, son atribuidas a Buda. En cambio, el Abhidharma Pitaka comprende textos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • pitaka — (as used in expressions) Abhidharma pitaka Sutta pitaka Vinaya pitaka …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abhidharma — Translations of abhidharma Pali: अभिधम्म Sanskrit …   Wikipedia

  • Abhidharma — Abhidhamma L Abhidhamma Pitaka (pâli, sanskrit : Abhidharma) littéralement « La corbeille des commentaires », « La doctrine spéciale » ou encore « au dessus de l enseignement » est la section du canon pâli, le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abhidharma — Portal:Budismo. Contenido relacionado con Budismo. Abhidharma (sánscrito; pali abhidharma; japonés abidatsuma): Tratado doctrinal y comentarios. Una de las tres divisiones del canon Budista, siendo las otras tres sutras y vinaya (reglas de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abhidharma — Der Abhidhammapitaka (Pali; Sanskrit: abhidharma) ist der dritte Teil des buddhistischen Pali Kanons. Die Lehren Buddhas und seiner Hauptschüler erhalten in diesem Werk eine psychologische und philosophische Begründung und Ausformulierung.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sutra Pitaka — Sutta Pitaka Le Sutta Pitaka ou Suttanta Pitaka (pali), Sūtra Piṭaka ou Sutra Pitaka (sanscrit) सूत्र पिटक, « La corbeille des enseignements », est la deuxième des trois divisions du canon pali Tipitaka sur lequel se base le courant… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sutta Piṭaka — Sutta Pitaka Le Sutta Pitaka ou Suttanta Pitaka (pali), Sūtra Piṭaka ou Sutra Pitaka (sanscrit) सूत्र पिटक, « La corbeille des enseignements », est la deuxième des trois divisions du canon pali Tipitaka sur lequel se base le courant… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sutta pitaka — Le Sutta Pitaka ou Suttanta Pitaka (pali), Sūtra Piṭaka ou Sutra Pitaka (sanscrit) सूत्र पिटक, « La corbeille des enseignements », est la deuxième des trois divisions du canon pali Tipitaka sur lequel se base le courant theravada. Elle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sūtra Piṭaka — Sutta Pitaka Le Sutta Pitaka ou Suttanta Pitaka (pali), Sūtra Piṭaka ou Sutra Pitaka (sanscrit) सूत्र पिटक, « La corbeille des enseignements », est la deuxième des trois divisions du canon pali Tipitaka sur lequel se base le courant… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.