Shrines to the Virgin Mary


Shrines to the Virgin Mary

In the culture and practice of some Christian Churches - mainly, but not solely, the Roman Catholic Church - a Shrine to the Virgin Mary (or Marian shrine) is a shrine marking an apparition or other miracle ascribed to the Blessed Virgin Mary, or a site on which is centered a historically strong Marian devotion. Such locales are often the destination of pilgrimages

Some of the largest shrines are due to reported Marian apparitions to young and simple people on remote hilltops that had hardly been heard of prior to the reported apparition. The case of Saint Juan Diego's reported vision of Our Lady of Guadalupe in 1531 is similar to the case of Saint Bernadette Soubirous's vision in 1858 of Our Lady of Lourdes. Both saints reported a miraculous Lady on a hilltop who asked them to request that the local priests build a chapel at the site of the vision. Both visions included a reference to roses and led to large churches being built at the sites. Like Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico, Our Lady of Lourdes is a major Catholic symbol in France. Both visionaries were eventually declared saints.

The number of pilgrims who visit some of these shrines every year can be significant. E.g. Lourdes with a population of around 15,000 people, receives about 5,000,000 pilgrims every year and within France only Paris has more hotel rooms than Lourdes.

Side altar to the Blessed Virgin Mary in St Mary's Pro-Cathedral in Dublin

Contents

Major shrines

An extensive list of shrines by country is provided in the following sections. Some major shrines considered most significant for their apparitions and miracles are listed in this section:

For the Greek Orthodox the major Marian Shrine is the Church of Our Lady of Tinos, at Tinos island in Greece which constitutes the most important Christian pilgrimage in the Aegean.

A major Anglican pilgrimage site is the shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham, at Walsingham, in Norfolk, England. In Australia there is a shrine called Our Lady of Yankalilla.

Australia

  • St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney
  • Shrine of Our Lady of Yankalilla, South Australia
  • Our Lady Queen of Peace, Virginia, Montserrado County, Liberia. Done by Our Lady of Lourdes Parish in Tweh Farm by The IT Team.

Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Canada

For a complete list, see footnote[1]

China

Croatia

Cyprus

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

  • National Shrine of Our Lady of El Cisne (Nuestra Señora de el Cisne),[3] in El Cisne, Loja, Ecuador.

Egypt

  • Our Lady of Zeiton, apparitions of Virgin Mary on the Coptic Orthodox Church.

France

Germany

  • Shrine of St. Mary, in Aachen Cathedral. This church, frequently referred to as the "Imperial Cathedral" (in German: Kaiserdom), is a Roman Catholic church in Aachen, Germany.

Greece

  • Our Lady of Tinos, Tinos Island, Greece's patron saint.
  • Autonomous Monastic State of the Holy Mountain, Mount Athos, Greece,the garden of the Mother of God being out of bounds to all other women.

Gibraltar

  • Our Lady of Europe at Europa Point, the southernmost point in Western Europe. A shrine to Mary has existed on the site since 1462. [1]

Holy Land

India

Ireland

  • The Basilica of Our Lady, Queen of Ireland in Knock, Ireland

Italy

Japan

Lebanon

Lithuania

Malta

  • Our Lady of Consecration, Girgenti, Siġġiewi, Malta
  • Our Lady of Borg in-Nadur, Borġ in-Nadur, Qajjenza, Birżebbuġa, Malta
  • Our Lady of Mount Carmel Sanctuary, Valletta, Malta
  • Old Parish Church of Our Lady of Sorrows, Birżebbuġa, Malta
  • Parish Church of the Anuciation, Tarxien, Malta
  • Parish Church of the Anuciation, Balzan, Malta
  • Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception, Ħamrun, Malta
  • Parish Church of Maria Regina, Marsa, Malta
  • Parish Church of Monte Carmele, Fgura, Malta
  • Parish Church of Monte Carmele, Fleur-de-Lys, Birkirkara, Malta
  • Parish Church of Monte Carmele, Gżira, Malta
  • Parish Church of Monte Carmele, Balluta Bay, San Ġiljan, Malta
  • Parish Church of Our Lady of Fátima, Gwardamanġia, Pietà, Malta
  • Parish Church of Our Lady of Loreto, Għajnsielem, Malta
  • Parish Church of Our Lady of Lourdes, Paola, Malta
  • Parish Church of Our Lady of Lourdes, San Ġwann, Malta
  • Parish Church of Our Lady of Porto Salvo, Valletta, Malta
  • Parish Church of Our Lady of Sorrows, San Pawl il-Baħar, Malta
  • Parish Church of the Sacred Heart of Mary, Burmaradd, Malta
  • Parish Church of St. Mary, Dingli, Malta
  • Parish Church of St. Mary, Għaxaq, Malta
  • Parish Church of St. Mary, Gudja, Malta
  • Parish Church of St. Mary, Mġarr, Malta
  • Parish Church of Our Lady Star of the Sea, Sliema, Malta
  • Rotonda of St. Mary, Mosta, Malta
  • Parish Church of St. Mary, Mqabba, Malta
  • Parish Church of St. Mary, Qrendi, Malta
  • Parish Church of St. Mary, Birkirkara, Malta
  • Parish Church of St. Mary, Attard, Malta
  • Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception, Ħamrun, Malta
  • Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception, Ta' L-Ibrag, Malta
  • Parish Church of Our Lady of Pompey, Marsaxlokk, Malta
  • Church of Our Lady of Angels, Baħar iċ-Ċagħaq, Naxxar, Malta
  • Church of Our Lady of Liesse, Valletta, Malta
  • Church of Our Lady of Mensija, Mensija, San Ġwann, Malta
  • Church of Our Lady of Mercy, Bir id-Deheb, Malta
  • Church of Our Lady of Montserrat, Birgu, Malta
  • Church of Our Lady of Good Council, Żejtun, Malta
  • Church of Our Lady of Victory, Birkirkara, Malta
  • Church of the Immaculate Conception, Msida, Malta
  • Chapel of the Immacualte Conception, Bengħisa, Birżebbuġa, Malta
  • Knisja ta' Santa Marija ta' Bubaqra, Żurrieq, Malta
  • Knisja ta' Santa Marija ta' Ħal-Muxi, Żebbuġ, Malta
  • Knisja tal-Madonna ta' Filfla, Filfla island near Żurrieq, Malta
  • Knisja tal-Madonna tal-Girgenti, Siġġiewi, Malta
  • Knisja tal-Madonna tal-Ġebla, Gżira, Malta
  • Knisja tal-Madonna tal-Ħerba, Birkirkara, Malta
  • Knisja tal-Madonna tal-Ħlas, Qormi, Malta
  • Knisja tal-Madonna tal-Karmnu, Mdina, Malta
  • Knisja tal-Madonna tal-Mirakli, Lija, Malta
  • Knisja tal-Madonna tas-Samra, Ħamrun, Malta
  • Knisja tal-Madonna tas-Silġ, Delimara, Malta
  • Kappella tal-Madonna tal-Midalja Mirakuluża, Blata l-Bajda, Malta
  • Knisja ta' Santa Marija tal-Ħlas, Żejtun, Malta
  • Santwarju tal-Madonna tal-Ghar, Rabat, Malta
  • Santwarju tal-Madonna ta' Pinu, Għarb, Gozo
  • The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mellieħa in Mellieħa, Malta
  • Knisja ta' Marija Bambina, Senglea, Malta
  • Knisja ta' Marija Bambina, Naxxar, Malta
  • The Sanctuary of our Lady of the Immaculate Conception in Cospicua, Malta
  • The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Graces, Żabbar, Malta

Malaysia

  • Chapel of Our Lady of Good Health. ( Annai Vailankanni ) Kampung Pandan Kuala Lumpur.

Mexico

Netherlands

Nicaragua

Pakistan

Philippines

Poland

Interior of the Basilica in The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lichen in Licheń Stary, Poland home to the holy icon of Our Lady of Sorrows
Simple roadside shrine to the Virgin Mary in Poland
Marian Sanctuaries in Poland
Locality Church Relic or Object
Bardo Church of the Visitiation of our Lady. Redemptorists Sculpture of our lady from the 12th century ., crowned July 3, 1966. (abp Bolesław Kominek)
Będków Church of the Immaculate Conception Icon of Our Lady of Będkow from the 15th century.
Biechowo Church of the Immaculate Conception Paulists Icon of Our Lady of Joy MB from the 15th century crowned September 12, 1976. by (cardinal. Stefan Wyszyński)
Stara Błotnica Church of the Immaculate Conception Icon of Our Lady from the 16th century crowned in 1977.
Bochnia Church of St. Nicholas Icon of Our Lady from the 15th-16th century, crowned in 1931.
Borek Stary Monastery of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary obraz MB Borkowskiej z Dzieciątkiem, crowned on the August 15, 1919

Portugal

Spain

Sri Lanka

Turkey

Ukraine

Our Lady of Westminster

United Kingdom

United States

For a complete list and further reading, see footnotes.[9][10] See also: List of shrines#United States.

Venezuela

  • The Shrine of Our Lady of Betania, in the State of Miranda, Venezuela
  • Shrine of Virgen de Coromoto (Patrona de Venezuela), Barinas, Venezuela

Vietnam

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ Marian Shrines in Canada webpage. The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio, US. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
  2. ^ "Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Altagracia". http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bas%C3%ADlica_de_Nuestra_Se%C3%B1ora_de_la_Altagracia. 
  3. ^ "Official website of the National Shrine of Our Lady of El Cisne". http://www.santuariodelcisne.org. Retrieved 2008-12-21. 
  4. ^ "Missionaries of the Divine Revelation". Divinarivelazione.org. http://www.divinarivelazione.org/eng/index2.html. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  5. ^ View of the two Walsingham shrines on their joint website.
  6. ^ Inside view of the Anglican shrine of St Mary's, 18 Willesden Lane, London NW10.
  7. ^ Inside view of the Roman Catholic shrine of Our Lady of Willesden, a side chapel accessible from within the church of Our Lady of Willesden in Nicoll Road, London NW10.
  8. ^ Warwick Street Church, London W1, displaying a sign "Church of the Assumption"; Lady Chapel; Grant of Indulgence (Summary of the Decree of Pope Pius IX, promulgated 15 May 1877, remaining in force in perpetuity).
  9. ^ Marian Shrines in the United States webpage. The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
  10. ^ For further reading, see Marian Shrines of the United States: A Pilgrim's Travel Guide (Liguori Publications).

External links


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