- John of Avila
: "For the co-founder of the Carmelites, see Saint
John of the Cross"
name=Saint John of Avila
6 January 1500
10 May 1569
Roman Catholic Church; the Anglicanchurches; Lutheran Church
Almodovar del Campo, Spain
Montilla, Spain(aged 69)
12 November 1893
Pope Leo XIII
31 May 1970
Pope Paul VI
Andalusia, Spain, Spanish secular clergy
Saint John of Avila, Apostle of
Andalusia(b. 6 January 1500, Almodóvar del Campo; d. 10 May 1569, Montilla, Spain) was a Spanish apostolic preacher, author, mystic and saint, canonized in 1970. Known in Spanish as San Juan de Ávila.
Saint John of Avila was of Jewish converso descent. [See Antonio Dominiguez Ortiz, "Los judeoconversos en España y América." Madrid, 1971] At the age of fourteen he was sent to the
University of Salamancato study law but returned after a year to his father's home, where he spent the next three years in the practice of austere piety. His sanctity impressed a Franciscanjourneying through Almodóvar, on whose advice he took up the study of philosophy and theology at Alcalá, where he was fortunate to have as his teacher the famous Dominican Domingo de Soto. While he was a student his parents died and after his ordination he celebrated his first mass in the church where they were buried, sold the family property and gave the proceeds to the poor.
He saw in the severing of natural ties a vocation to foreign missionary work and prepared to go to
Mexico. In 1527, while he was in Sevillelooking for a favorable opportunity to set out for his new field of labour, his unusually great devotion in celebrating mass attracted the attention of Hernando de Contreras, a priest of Seville, who mentioned him to the archbishop and general inquisitor, Don Alphonso Manrique. The archbishop saw in the young missionary a powerful instrument to stir up the faith in Andalusia, and after considerable persuasion Juan was induced to abandon his journey to America.
His first sermon was preached on
22 July 1529, and immediately established his reputation; crowds thereafter packed the churches at all his sermons.At Sevillehe was brought before the inquisitor and charged with exaggerating the dangers of wealth and closing the gates of heaven to the rich. His innocence of the charges was quickly proved, and by special invitation of the court he was appointed to preach the sermon on the next great feast in the church of San Salvador, in Seville. Like other Spanish mystics of the period, including La Beata de Piedrahita, he was suspected several times during his career of belonging to the Alumbrados, deemed a heretical sect. Fact|date=January 2008
He began his career as apostolic preacher of Andalusia, aged thirty. After nine years he returned to Seville, only to depart for the wider fields of Cordova,
Granada, Bolza, Montillaand Zafra. For eighteen years before his death he was the victim of constant illness, the result of the hardships of his apostolate of forty years. He was declared Venerable by Pope Clement XIIIon 8 February 1799and beatified by Pope Leo XIIIon 12 November 1893. In 1970 he was canonised by Pope Paul VI.
Saint John of Avila's works were collected at
Madridin 1618,1757, 1792 and 1805; a French translation by d'Andilly was published at Parisin 1673; and a German translation by Schermer in six volumes was issued at Regensburgbetween 1856 and 1881. His best-known works are the "Audi Fili" (English translation, 1620), one of the best tracts on Christian perfection, and his "Spiritual Letters" (English translation, 1631, reprinted London 1904) to his disciples.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John of Avila — (1500–69) Missionary, Mystic and Saint. John was born near Toledo, Spain, and was educated at Salamanca and at Alcalá. Although he had initially wanted to go to America, he was persuaded to do his missionary work in Andalusia. A powerful… … Who’s Who in Christianity
John of Avila, Blessed — • Priest, preacher, author, d. 1569 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
John of Avila, Saint — ▪ Spanish religious reformer Spanish San Juan de Avila born 1499/1500, Almodóvar del Campo, near Toledo, Spain died May 10, 1569, Montilla; canonized 1970; feast day May 10 reformer, one of the greatest preachers of his time, author and… … Universalium
Bl. John of Avila — Bl. John of Avila † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Bl. John of Avila Apostolic preacher of Andalusia and author, b. at Almodóvar del Campo, a small town in the diocese of Toledo, Spain, 6 January, 1500; d. at Montilla, 10 May, 1569. At the… … Catholic encyclopedia
John of the Cross — Infobox Saint name=Saint John of the Cross birth date=24 June 1542 death date=Death date and age|1591|12|14|1542|06|24 feast day=14 December 24 November (General Roman Calendar, 1738 1969) venerated in=Roman Catholic Church; Anglican Communion;… … Wikipedia
John Chrysostom — This article is about the Christian saint. For other uses, see Chrysostomos (disambiguation). Saint John Chrysostom East: Great Hierarch and Ecumenical Teacher West: Bishop and Doctor of the Church Born … Wikipedia
John of Damascus — Chrysorrhoas redirects here. For the river, see Barada. Saint John of Damascus Saint John Damascene (arabic icon) Doctor of the Church Born … Wikipedia
John of God — Infobox Saint name=Saint John of God birth date=March 8, 1495 death date=March 8, 1550 feast day=March 8 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church imagesize=250px caption=John of God as painted by Murillo birth place=Montemor o Novo, Portugal death… … Wikipedia
John of God, Saint — ▪ Portuguese monk Spanish San Juan De Dios, original name Juan Ciudad, Portuguese São João De Deus, or João Cidade born March 8, 1495, Montemor o Novo, Port. died March 8, 1550, Granada, Spain; canonized 1690; feast day March 8… … Universalium
John of God — (1495–1550) Philanthropist, Order Founder and Saint. John was a native of Portugal and, as a young man, he served as a soldier. When he was about forty he turned back to religion and, guided by John of avila, he dedicated his life to the… … Who’s Who in Christianity