Veracruz


Veracruz

otheruses4|the state|the city|Veracruz, Veracruz

Infobox Settlement
name = State of Veracruz
other_name =
native_name = Estado Libre y Soberano de
Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave
nickname = Veracruz
settlement_type = State
motto = "Veracruz late con fuerza" [ [http://www.veracruz.gob.mx/ es Veracruz State government] This is the motto used by the current State administration]


imagesize =
image_caption =


flag_size = 140px
image_

seal_size =
image_shield = Escudo Vera Cruz Plus Ultra Ch.pngshield_size = 80px



mapsize =
map_caption = Location within Mexico


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = MEX
subdivision_type1 = Capital
subdivision_name1 = Xalapa
subdivision_type2 = Municipalities
subdivision_name2 = 212
subdivision_type3 = Largest City
subdivision_name3 = Veracruz
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Governor
leader_name = Fidel Herrera Beltrán (PRI)
leader_title1 = Federal Deputies
leader_name1 = PRI: 6
PAN: 11
PRD: 2
Convergencia: 2
leader_title2 = Federal Senators
leader_name2 =PRD: 1
PAN: 1
Convergencia: 1
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
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established_title =
established_date =
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area_magnitude =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
Ranked 11th
area_total_km2 = 71699
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_sq_mi =
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area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
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area_blank1_title =
area_blank1_km2 =
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population_as_of =2005
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total =7,110,214 (Ranked 3rd)
population_density_km2 =
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population_metro =
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timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS=
longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW=
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m =
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code =
blank_name =HDI (2004)
blank_info =0.7457 - medium
Ranked 28th
blank1_name =ISO 3166-2
blank1_info =MX-VER
blank2_name =Postal abbr.
blank2_info =Ver.
blank3_name =
blank3_info =
website =
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Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that constitute the republic of Mexico.

Location

It is located in the east-central part of the Gulf of Mexico country, between 17°10 and 22°38 North and between 93°55' and 98°38' West. It has a mainland area of km2 to sq mi|72815|wiki=yes and includes several islands in the Gulf of Mexico totalling a further km2 to sq mi|58.

Veracruz borders the states of Tamaulipas to the north, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south, Tabasco to the southeast, Puebla, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosí to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico to the east.

On the coastal plains and throughout most of the state, the climate is hot and humid. On the foothills of the mountains, the climate is cool and humid. The climate only becomes cold in the mountain regions, where it also rains copiously. Veracruz is occasionally affected by hurricanes from June through October.

This state has a tropical climate and impressive natural scenery, such as the Citlaltépetl Volcano (also known as Pico de Orizaba), the highest peak in the nation. You’ll also see picturesque cities and towns that have preserved their local architecture. Along the coast you can visit the Costa Esmeralda, a km to mi|50 beach strip north of the port, and the archaeological zone of El Tajin, which also was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Its capital is Xalapa, located in the central western part of the state. With more than 7 million inhabitants, the state of Veracruz is the third most populous in the nation, after the Federal District and the State of Mexico.

History

In April 1518, Juan de Grijalva disembarked on an islet near the shore that was called San Juan de Ulúa. On April 22, 1519 Hernan Cortez disembarked on Chalchihuecan beach, where he decided to found a village and form the first colonial settlement in Mexico. That day was Good Friday, the day of Holy Week known as the day of "La Vera Cruz" ("True Cross") — hence he chose the name of "La Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz".

It was from this base in August 1519 that Cortez began his course of conquest inland to Tenochtitlan, Mexico, while his subsidiary conquistador commanders pacified other regions that today shape the entity of Veracruz.

From this beginning, Veracruz as the entry point for conquest, became the principal point of communication and harbor between Spain and New Spain. From this port were shipped many products to Europe like cotton, rice, wheat, domestic animals, gun powder, textiles, wine and all the considerable produce from this rich colony and particular territory.

Vegetation

The State of Veracruz, produces and exports:
*Sugar Cane
*Banana
*Pitaya
*Mango
*Guava
*Melons
*Watermelons
*Guanabana
*Lemons
*Lime
*Oranges
*Mandarin orange
*Plums
*Jicama
*Coffee
*Vanilla
*Avocado
*Cucumber
*Jalapeño pepper
*Coconut

Tourism

In pre-Hispanic era, Isla de Sacrificios (Sacrifice Island), was inhabited by the Totonacs and the Olmecs, and was named Chalchihuitlapazco. It was discovered in 1518 by Juan de Grijalva, during the exploration of the Gulf of Mexico. One of the largest islands around Boca del Río, this site is surrounded by a coral reef.

La Antigua was the second settlement after "La Villa Rica de la Veracruz". It is located 25 kilometers from Veracruz City. It features the house of Hernán Cortés. It is a small town that holds the oldest still-standing Catholic chapel built in the American continent.

Papantla was founded by Totonacs. It is located 198 meters above sea level between the Cazones and Tecolutla rivers. [ [http://www.veratur.gob.mx Turismo Veracruz] ]

El Tajin (City of Thunder) the main ceremonial center of the Totonacs, is located near 3 miles from Papantla, a beautiful and impressive antique city, ruins and traditions are founded there.

Languages

Spanish is the official and heavily dominant language in Veracruz. Nahuatl is still spoken and common use in some towns and zones like Zongolica, Papantla, Mixtequilla and Huayacocotla. There are minor areas of Italian speakers near Huatusco and Tuxtlas, where Venetto is common use and there are a very few Greek speakers in towns near Rinconada, the "gitanos" (Gypsy). As well on the region of the low San Rafael, the French is predominant, due to the settle of the remaining Maximilian of Hapsburg troops that were allowed to stay, after they were defeated, on the fall of the second empire in the XIX century. Also needs to be mentioned: Catalonia n, Basque, Gaelic, and more Spaniard dialects that were brought and kept by their descendants. Although some people know essentials of English, mainly in commerces or touristic zones of big cities, locals never use it to communicate.

Traditionally, the (Spanish) accent of Veracruz resembles Caribbean Spanish, with strong tendency to drop syllable final -S/-Z as in the Cuban accent.
Examples:
*máh o menoh for "más o menos"
*conohco for "conozco"
*bahta for "basta"
*Veracru for "Veracruz"
etc.
Yet under the influence of the capital, this feature has weakened among the younger generation.

Municipalities

The state of Veracruz is subdivided into 212 municipalities "(municipios)". See municipalities of Veracruz.

The municipalities are grouped into the following regions ("regiones"):
*Capital
*Huasteca Alta
*Huasteca Baja
*Montañas
*Nautla
*Olmeca
*Papaloapan
*Sotavento
*Totonaca
*Tuxtlas

Major communities

*Acayucan
*Actópan
*Boca del Rio
*Camarón de Tejeda
*Catemaco
*Coatepec
*Coatzacoalcos
*Córdoba
*Martínez de la Torre
*Minatitlán
*Orizaba
*Papantla (Papantla de Olarte)
*Poza Rica (Poza Rica de Hidalgo)
*San Andrés Tuxtla
*Tuxpan (Túxpam/Túxpam de Rodríguez Cano)
*Veracruz
*Xalapa (Xalapa-Enríquez)

Climate

climate chart|Veracruz
19|26|43
19|28|18
21|30|17
23|32|19
25|33|48
25|32|263
24|32|347
24|32|359
24|32|436
23|30|183
22|29|96
20|27|67
float=left
source= [http://smn.cna.gob.mx/]

References

External links

* [http://www.veracruz.gob.mx/ Veracruz State government]
* [http://www.amiweb.com.mx/mc/ museum of the city]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Veracruz — Estado Libre y Soberano de Veracruz État libre et souverain du Veracruz …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Véracruz — Veracruz Pour les articles homonymes, voir Veracruz (homonymie). Estado Libre y Soberano de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (État libre et souverain de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • VERACRUZ — La ville de Veracruz a donné son nom à l’État mexicain (72 815 km2, 6 228 300 hab. en 1990) qui couvre la plus grande partie de la façade tropicale humide du golfe du Mexique, au pied de la Meseta centrale mexicaine. Cette façade comporte des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Veracruz —   [bera kruːs],    1) amtlich Veracruz Llạve [ jaβə], Stadt im Bundesstaat Veracruz, Mexiko, an der flachen Golfküste, 560 200 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; Hauptimporthafen Mexikos; Nahrungsmittel , Textil , Metall u. a. Industrie; Fischerei;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Veracruz — (Гранада,Испания) Категория отеля: 1 звездочный отель Адрес: San Antón, 39, Центр, 18006 Гранада, Испания …   Каталог отелей

  • Veracrūz [1] — Veracrūz, östlicher Küstenstaat von Mexiko (s. Karte »Mexiko«), am Golf von Mexiko, 75,873 qkm groß, mit (1900) 981,030 Einw. (12,6 auf 1 qkm), meist Indianer (Azteken, Totonaca, Chontales) und Mestizen, an der Küste auch Neger, Mulatten, Sambo.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Veracruz — [ver΄ə kro͞oz′; ] Sp [ ve΄rä kro͞os′] [Sp, lit., true cross] 1. state of Mexico, on the E coast: 28,114 sq mi (72,815 sq km); pop. 6,228,000; cap. Jalapa 2. seaport in this state: pop. 439,000: in full Veracruz Llave [yä′vā] …   English World dictionary

  • Veracrūz [2] — Veracrūz (Villa nueva de la V.), Haupthafen und Handelsplatz im gleichnamigen Staate (s. oben) der mexikanischen Republik, an ungesunder Dünenküste, mit einer von Koralleninselchen schlecht geschützten Reede, die erst neuerdings durch große… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Veracruz — Veracrūz. 1) Östl. Staat von Mexiko, am Mexik. Golf, 75.863 qkm, (1900) 981.030 E., an der Küste heiße Steppen, im Innern Hochland mit mächtigen Gipfeln (Citlaltepetl oder Pic von Orizaba 5550 m); Hauptstadt Jalapa. – 2) Befestigter… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Veracruz — (Werakruhs), Staat Mexikos, an der Ostküste, deren Saum eine sandige od. morastige, im Sommer höchst ungesunde Ebene bildet; hinter dieser erheben sich stufenförmig die mexikan. Cordilleras bis 16000 u. die Hochebene von Anahuac bis 8000 ; nach… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Veracruz — Para otros usos de este término, véase Veracruz (desambiguación). Veracruz …   Wikipedia Español


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