- Arcades Project
The "Passagenwerk" or "Arcades Project" was
Walter Benjamin's unfinished lifelong project, an enormous collection of writings on the city life of Parisin the 19th century, especially concerned with the iron-and- glasscovered "arcades" (known in French as [http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passages_couverts_de_Paris "Passages couverts de Paris"] ). These arcades came into being as a result of Baron Haussmann's renovation of Paris during the Second French Empirewhich fostered the city's emerging and distinctive street life and provided a backdrop for the emergence of the Flâneur. Benjamin's "Project", which many scholars believe might have become one of the great texts of 20th-century cultural criticism, was never completed due to his death under uncertain circumstances on the French-Spanish border in 1940. Written between 1927 and 1940, the Arcades Project has been posthumouslyedited and published in many languages as a collection of unfinished reflections.
The notes and
manuscriptfor the Arcades Project and much of Benjamin's correspondence had been entrusted to his friend Georges Bataillebefore Benjamin fled Paris under Nazioccupation. Bataille, who worked as a librarianat the Bibliothèque Nationalehid the manuscript in a closed archiveat the librarywhere it was eventually discovered after the war. The full text of Benjamin's unfinished "magnum opus" was printed in the 1980s after years of difficult editorial work. The book is hailed as one of the milestones of 20th-century literary criticism, historyand theory. Nevertheless its publication has given rise to controversy over the methods employed by the editors and their decisions involving the ordering of the fragments. Critics argue that this reconstruction makes the book akin to a multi-layered palimpsest. The Arcades Project, as it stands, is often claimed to be a forerunner to postmodernism.
*Walter Benjamin. "The Arcades Project", Ed. Rolf Tiedemann. Trans. Howard Eiland and Kevin McLaughlin, (New York: Belknap Press, 2002), 1088 pages. (English]
*Susan Buck-Morss. "The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project" (Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought), Boston: MIT Press, 1991, 505 pages. (English)
*Beatrice Hanssen (ed) "Walter Benjamin And the Arcades Project" (Walter Benjamin Studies), London: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2006), 256 pages. (English)
* [http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog/BENARC.html "The Arcades Project"] ,
Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-00802-2
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