Off-Off-Broadway theatrical productions in New York City are those in theatres that are smaller than Broadway and Off-Broadway theatres. Off-Off-Broadway theaters are often defined as theaters that have fewer than 100 seats, though the term can be used for any show in the New York City area that has neither an Off-Broadway nor a Broadway contract. The shows range from professional productions by established artists to small amateur performances.
The Off-Off-Broadway movement began in 1958 as a reaction to Off-Broadway, and a "complete rejection of commercial theatre". Among the first venues for what would soon be called "Off-Off-Broadway" (a term supposedly coined by critic Jerry Tallmer of the Village Voice) were coffeehouses in Greenwich Village, particularly the Caffe Cino at 31 Cornelia Street, operated by the eccentric Joe Cino, who early on took a liking to actors and playwrights and agreed to let them stage plays there without bothering to read the plays first, or to even find out much about the content. Also integral to the rise of Off-Off-Broadway were Ellen Stewart at La MaMa, and Al Carmines at the Judson Poets' Theater, located at Judson Memorial Church. Another name worthy of mention is the Nuyorican Poets Café founded by Puerto Rican playwright Miguel Algarín in the mid 1970's.
An Off-Off-Broadway production that features members of Actors Equity is, of necessity, called an Equity Showcase production; not all Off-Off-Broadway shows are Equity Showcases. The Union maintains very strict rules about working in such productions, including restrictions on price, the length of the run and rehearsal times. Professional actors' participation in showcase productions is frequent and comprises the bulk of stage work for the majority of New York actors. There has been an ongoing movement to revise the Equity Showcase rules, which many in the community find overly restrictive and detrimental to the creation of New York theater.
The term Indie theater, or independent theater, coined by playwright Kirk Bromley has been suggested to replace Off-Off-Broadway as a term.
Notable theatre companies and venues
- ^ "Off-Off-Broadway, Way Back When". http://www.theatermania.com/content/news.cfm/story/5191. Retrieved 2007-12-13.
- ^ Viagas (2004, 72)
- ^ Breaking the Code?, page 1 - Theater - Village Voice - Village Voice
- ^ Cracking the Code
- ^ Kirk Bromley interview
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
off-off-off Broadway — 1. noun An almost jocular term for theatrical productions performed in spaces remote from Manhattan, but nonetheless in the greater New York City area, and which otherwise fit the description of an off off Broadway show. 2. adjective Of or… … Wiktionary
off-off — off off, off off Broadway see off Broadway a. and n … Useful english dictionary
off-off-broadway — (ˈ) ̷ ̷ ˈ ̷ ̷ ˌ ̷ ̷ ˌ ̷ ̷ noun Usage: often capitalized both Os & usually capitalized B Etymology: so called from its relation to off Broadway being analogous to the relation of off Broadway to Broadway : an avant garde theatrical movement in New … Useful english dictionary
Off-Off-Broadway — est un terme désignant les productions théâtrales joués à New York dans des salles plus petites que celles des théâtres de Broadway et d Off Broadway (généralement moins de cent sièges). Sommaire 1 Notes et références 2 Voir aussi … Wikipédia en Français
off-off-Broad|way — «AWF AWF BRAWD WAY, OF OF », noun, adjective. –n. the part of the New York City professional theater producing low budget and often highly experimental plays that would not be presented in Broadway and off Broadway theaters: »Off off Broadway is… … Useful english dictionary
off-off-Broadway — ☆ off off Broadway [ôf′ôf′brôd′wā΄ ] adj. of or having to do with noncommercial, highly experimental theatrical productions, presented in small halls, cafes, etc. in New York City adv. in such productions or locations n. off off Broadway… … Universalium
off-off-Broadway — ☆ off off Broadway [ôf′ôf′brôd′wā΄ ] adj. of or having to do with noncommercial, highly experimental theatrical productions, presented in small halls, cafes, etc. in New York City adv. in such productions or locations n. off off Broadway… … English World dictionary
off off Broadway — off off Broadway, adj., adv. experimental or avant garde drama produced in New York City, in small theaters, halls, churches, etc. Also, Off Off Broadway. * * * … Universalium
off off Broadway — off off Broadway, adj., adv. experimental or avant garde drama produced in New York City, in small theaters, halls, churches, etc. Also, Off Off Broadway … Useful english dictionary
Off-off-Bühne — Off off Büh|ne [ ɔf|ɔf...], die; , n [nach amerik. off off Broadway = Theater(produktion) einer Off off Bühne (bes. in New York außerhalb der kommerziellen Theater des Broadways); off off = völlig, ganz weg, ohne jede Beziehung (verstärktes off)] … Universal-Lexikon