Murom


Murom
Murom (English)
Муром (Russian)
-  City[citation needed]  -
Map of Russia - Vladimir Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Vladimir Oblast in Russia
Murom is located in Vladimir Oblast
{{{alt}}}
Murom
Coordinates: 55°34′N 42°02′E / 55.567°N 42.033°E / 55.567; 42.033Coordinates: 55°34′N 42°02′E / 55.567°N 42.033°E / 55.567; 42.033
Coat of Arms of Murom (Vladimir oblast) (1781).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of July 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Vladimir Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to City of Murom[1]
Administrative center of City of Murom[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of August 2009)
Urban okrug Murom Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Murom Urban Okrug[2]
Head[citation needed] Yevgeny Rychkov[3]
Statistics
Area 43.78 km2 (16.90 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
116,078 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 140th
Population (2002 Census) 126,901 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 2002 130th
Density 2,651 /km2 (6,870 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSD (UTC+04:00)[7]
Founded 862[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 602250[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 49234[citation needed]
Official website

Murom (Russian: Му́ром; Old Norse: Moramar) is a historic city in Vladimir Oblast, Russia, which sprawls along the left bank of Oka River. Population: 116,078 (2010 Census preliminary results);[4] 126,901 (2002 Census);[5] 124,229 (1989 Census).[8]

Contents

History

In the 9th century CE, the city marked the easternmost settlement of the Eastern Slavs in the land of the Finno-Ugric people called Muromians. The Russian Primary Chronicle mentions it as early as 862. It is thus one of the oldest cities in Russia. Circa 900 CE, it was an important trading post from Volga Bulgaria to the Baltic Sea.

Between 1010 and 1393, it was a capital of a separate principality, whose rulers included Saint Gleb, assassinated in 1015 and canonized in 1071, Saint Prince Konstantin the Blessed, and Saints Peter and Theuronia, subjects of an opera by Rimsky-Korsakov. It was the home town of the most celebrated East Slavic epic hero, Ilya Muromets. The town has a statue which shows Ilya holding the hilt of his sword in the left hand and a cross in the right.

Among other famous natives are the father of colour photography, Sergey Prokudin-Gorskiy (1863), and the father of television, Vladimir Zworykin (1889).

On June 30, 1961, Murom was the site of a spontaneous protest and riot against the police and Soviet authorities, following the death in police custody of a senior factory foreman named Kostikov.[9]

Administrative and municipal status

Administratively, it is incorporated as the City of Murom—an administrative unit with a status equal to that of the districts.

Municipally, the territory of the Town of Murom together with the territories of nine rural localities in Muromsky District are incorporated as Murom Urban Okrug.[1][2]

Sights

Three historic abbeys in the city center
The main church of the Trinity convent (1642-1643)

Murom still retains many marks of antiquity. The Savior monastery, one of the most ancient in Russia, was first chronicled in 1096, when Oleg of Chernigov besieged it and killed Vladimir Monomakh's son Izyaslav, who is buried there. In 1552, the monastery was visited by Ivan the Terrible who commissioned a stone cathedral, which was followed by other churches.

The Trinity convent, where the relics of Sts. Peter and Theuronia are displayed, features a fine cathedral (1642–1643), Kazan church (1652), a bell-tower (1652), a wooden church of St. Sergius, and stone walls. It is rivaled by the Annunciation Monastery, founded in the reign of Ivan the Terrible to house the relics of local princes and containing a cathedral from 1664. Two last-mentioned cathedrals, being probably the works of the same masters, have much in common with the Resurrection Church (1658) in the downtown. Quite different is the tent-like church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian, built in 1565 on the bank of the Oka to commemorate the Russian conquest of Kazan.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Resolution #433
  2. ^ a b c Law #53-OZ
  3. ^ Official website of Murom Urban Okrug. Yevgeny Rychkov, Head of the Urban Okrug (Russian)
  4. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  5. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  9. ^ Mass uprisings in the USSR: protest and rebellion in the post-Stalin years, Vladimir A. Kozlov, Elaine McClarnand MacKinnon [1]

Sources

  • Администрация Владимирской области. Постановление №433 от 13 июня 2007 г. «О реестре административно-территориальных образований и единиц Владимирской области», в ред. Постановления №755 от 1 июля 2010 г «О внесении изменений и дополнений в реестр административно-территориальных образований и единиц Владимирской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Владимирские ведомости", №114, 20 июня 2007 г. (Administration of Vladimir Oblast. Resolution #433 of June 13, 2007 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #755 of July 1, 2010 On Amending and Supplementing the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication).
  • Законодательное Собрание Владимирской области. Закон №53-ОЗ от 11 мая 2005 г. «О наделении статусом городского округа муниципального образования округ Муром и установлении его границы», в ред. Закона №87-ОЗ от 5 августа 2009 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Владимирской области "О наделении статусом городского округа муниципального образования округ Муром и установлении его границы"». Вступил в силу 17 мая 2005 г. Опубликован: "Владимирские ведомости", №156–157, 17 мая 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vladimir Oblast. Law #53-OZ of May 11, 2005 On Granting the Urban Okrug Status to the Municipal Formation of the Okrug of Murom and on Establishing Its Border, as amended by the Law #87-OZ of August 5, 2009 On Amending the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On Granting the Urban Okrug Status to the Municipal Formation of the Okrug of Murom and on Establishing Its Border". Effective as of May 17, 2005).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Múrom — Муром Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Murom — Murom, 1) Kreis des russischen Gouvernements Wladimir, an der Oka u. Muromka; Eisengruben, Alabasterbrüche; 104,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt darin an der Muromka u. Oka, angeblich einst Hauptstadt der Mordwinen, später russischer Fürsten; 18 Kirchen,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Murom — Murom, Kreisstadt im russ. Gouv. Wladimir, an der Oka und an der Eisenbahn Kowrow M., hat eine alte Kathedrale, Theater, Stadtbank, ein Real und ein Mädchengymnasium, mehrere Fabriken, darunter namentlich einige große Leinwebereien,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Múrom — Múrom, Kreisstadt im russ. Gouv. Wladimir, an der Oka, 12.874 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Murom — Stadt Murom Муром Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Murom — Original name in latin Murom Name in other language Gorad Muram, MUROM, Moerom, Mourom, Muram, Murom, Murom am Oka, Muromas, Muromia, Mrom, mu luo mu, mulom, muromu, mwrwm, Горад Мурам, МУРОМ, Мурм, Муром State code RU Continent/City… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Murom — Mourom Mourom Муром …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Murom — Mụrom,   Stadt im Gebiet Wladimir, Russland, an der Oka, 123 700 Einwohner; Lokomotiv , Rundfunkgeräte , Messgeräte , Kühlschrankbau, Holz , Leinenindustrie.   Stadtbild:   Aus der Zeit vom 16. bis 18. Jahrhundert sind zahlreiche Kirchen (Kosmas …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Murom — /mooh rddeuhm/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, SW of Nizhni Novgorod. 120,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Vladimir oblast (region), western Russia. Murom lies along the Oka River. It is one of the oldest Russian towns and was… …   Universalium

  • Murom — Mu•rom [[t]ˈmʊər əm[/t]] n. geg a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, SW of Nizhni Novgorod. 120,000 …   From formal English to slang


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.