John of Gorze


John of Gorze

Infobox Saint
name= Saint John of Gorze
birth_date=900
death_date=March 7, 974
feast_day= February 27
venerated_in= Roman Catholic Church


imagesize= 250px
caption=
birth_place= Vandières, Meurthe-et-Moselle
death_place=
titles= Abbot
beatified_date=
beatified_place=
beatified_by=
canonized_date=
canonized_place=
canonized_by=
attributes=
patronage=
major_shrine=
suppressed_date=
issues=

Saint John of Gorze (Jean de Gorze, John of Lorraine) (ca. 900—March 7, 974) was a Lorraine-born monk, diplomat, administrator, and monastic reformer.

John of Gorze was born at Vandières near Pont-à-Mousson to parents who were wealthy and well-known in the area. His father had married late in his life to a woman much younger than he. They had three children together. John's parents were able to provide for his education, and he studied at the Benedictine monastery of Saint-Mihiel in Metz. The tradition of scholarship was strong here; John's instructor was Hildebold, who had studied at Paris under Remi d'Auxerre (Parisse, "La vie de Jean", 7-8).

At the age of twenty, he had already formed relationships with powerful figures of the region, including Count Ricuin of Verdun, and Dado, bishop of Verdun.

He became a Benedictine monk at the Gorze Abbey in 933 after renouncing his wealth as an administrator of landed estates and making a pilgrimage to Rome and Monte Cassino.

At the Abbey of Gorze

Having found no monastery with a strict enough discipline, John had formed relationships with like-minded men, such as Einald, formerly archdeacon of Toul. In 933, Bishop Adelbero of Metz (929-962) had asked John and Einald to restore and reform the decayed monastery of Gorze. Einald became abbot and John became his principal assistant. The number of monks at Gorze increased, and the Gorze reform movement spread to other monasteries. In 950 Pope Agapetus II asked monks from Gorze to restore discipline in the monastery of St. Paul in Rome.

Character

He is reputed to have had a photographic memory, and also developed a bookkeeping system and capital investment policies (Dennis K. McDaniel, "John of Gorze: A Figure in Tenth-Century Management"). It was claimed that the murmur of his lips reading the Psalms resembled the buzzing of a bee. [http://www.sicetnon.com/textflorilegium/reading.htm]

Mission to Spain

In 953, he was sent as ambassador for Emperor Otto II to the Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III of Córdoba for two years. John had travelled by way of Langres, Dijon, Lyon, Avignon, and Barcelona (Parisse, "La vie de Jean", 17). From Barcelona, he had proceeded to Tortosa, then Zaragoza, and finally Córdoba.

The purpose of this mission was to stop the attacks made by Andalusian adventurers from their base at Fraxinet. John of Gorze arrived in 953-954 with his companions at Córdoba with a letter from Otto as well as valuable gifts. John lived in a palace close to the caliphal palace in Córdoba.

The caliph's ambassador, Hasdai ibn Shaprut, met with this embassy. The caliph, fearing that the letter of the German emperor might contain matter derogatory to Islam, commissioned Hasdai to open the negotiations with the envoys. Hasdai, who soon perceived that the letter could not be delivered to the caliph in its present form, persuaded the envoys to send for another letter which should contain no objectionable matter. John of Gorze said that he had "never seen a man of such subtle intellect as the Jew Hasdeu" ("Vita Johannis Gorziensis," ch. cxxi., in G. H. Pertz, "Monumenta Germaniæ", iv. 371). An English translation of his account is published as ‘Niceties of diplomacy (953-56)', in "Christians and Moors in Spain", trans. and ed. Colin Smith, Warminster, 1988, vol. I, pp. 62-75.

John, who contacted local Mozarabs, met Bishop Recemundus, who was acquainted with Islamic learning. When John returned to Lorraine, he brought with him manuscripts from Spain that made that duchy a center for the diffusion of Muslim learning and science. [http://www.muslimheritage.com/timeline/chronology.cfm]

Later life

He became abbot of Gorze in 960 upon the death of Einald of Toul. He died of natural causes.

His feast day is February 27. John (Jean), abbot of St. Arnulph (Saint-Arnoul) at Metz, wrote a life of Gorze.

ources

*Jean, Abbot of Saint-Arnoul, "La vie de Jean, abbé de Gorze. Présentée et traduite par Michel Parisse" (Paris, Picard, 1999).

External links

*en icon [http://www.catholic-forum.com/SAINTS/saintj5c.htm John of Gorze]
*en icon [http://www.arabcin.net/areen/areen_english/26/book.htm Exchanges of embassies between the Emperor Otto the Great and the Caliph an-Nasir]
*en icon [http://www.ccel.org/s/schaff/encyc/encyc06/htm/iii.lvii.lxx.htm Christian Classics Ethereal Library: John of Gorze]
*de icon [http://www.bautz.de/bbkl/j/Johann_v_gor.shtml Johann von Gorze]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gorze Abbey — was a Benedictine monastery in Gorze in the present arrondissement of Metz Campagne, near Metz in Lorraine. It was prominent as the source of a monastic reform movement in the 10th century.HistoryGorze Abbey was founded in 749 by Saint Chrodegang …   Wikipedia

  • Johannes von Gorze — (* um 900 in Vandières; † 7. März 974 in Gorze) war ein lothringischer Mönch, Diplomat, Gutsverwalter und Klosterreformer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre 2 In Gorze 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Klosterreform von Gorze — Die Klosterreform von Gorze ordnet sich ein in die Klosterreformen des 10. Jahrhunderts. Sie ist benannt nach dem Benediktinerkloster in Gorze (Lothringen), das ursprünglich 749 als Kloster Gorzia durch von Chrodegang, Bischof von Metz gegründet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ИОАНН ИЗ ГОРЦЕ — [Иоанн Горцский, Иоанн из Вандьера; лат. Iohannes Gorziensis; франц. Jean de Vandière] (ок. 900, Вандьер (совр. деп. Мёрт и Мозель, Франция) 6 (или 7).03.974, мон рь Горце, близ Меца), св. (пам. зап. 27 февр., 23 мая), бенедиктинец, аббат мон ря… …   Православная энциклопедия

  • Hasdai ibn Shaprut — Not to be confused with Ibn Shaprut. Jaén Hasdai (Abu Yusuf ben Yitzhak ben Ezra) ibn Shaprut (Hebrew: חסדאי אבן שפרוט) born about 915 at Jaén; died about 975 at Córdoba in Spain, was a Jewish scholar, physician, diplomat, and patron of science.… …   Wikipedia

  • Fraxinet — or Fraxinetum (Arabic: Farakhshanit or Farachsa ) was the site of a tenth century fortress established by Saracen pirates at modern La Garde Freinet, near Saint Tropez, in Provence. The modern Massif des Maures ( plateau of Moors ) takes its name …   Wikipedia

  • Vandières, Meurthe-et-Moselle — Vandières is a commune of northeastern France, in the Meurthe et Moselle département .MiscellaneousVandières was the birthplace of:* John of Gorze (d. 975), monastic reformer and diplomat …   Wikipedia

  • Chronological list of saints in the 10th century — A list of 10th century saints: Name Birth Birthplace Death Place of death Notes Antony Kauleas     901   Grimbald     903   Gerald of Aurillac 855 …   Wikipedia

  • Ioannes — Johannes ist ein männlicher Vorname und ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 Pers …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Iohannes — Johannes ist ein männlicher Vorname und ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 Pers …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.