- False attribution
fallacyof a false attribution occurs when an advocate appeals to an irrelevant, unqualified, unidentified, biased or fabricated source in support of an argument. A contextomyis a type of false attribution.
* This example comes from associate professor of earth and environmental sciences at the
University of Illinois at Chicago, Peter Doran. He was the subject of a false attribution:
::Doran was the lead author of a research paper about Antarctic temperatures that was published in the journal "Nature" in January 2002. Because he and his colleagues found that some parts of Antarctica had cooled between
1986and 2000, his paper has been frequently cited by opponents of the global warmingtheory, such as Ann Coulterand Michael Savage. In an opinion piece of the July 27 2006 New York Times, Doran characterized this as a "misinterpretation" and stated, "I have never thought such a thing ... I would like to remove my name from the list of scientists who dispute global warming." "Scientific findings run counter to theory of global warming," said a headline on an editorial in The San Diego Union-Tribune. One conservative commentator wrote,"It’s ironic that two studies suggesting that a new Ice Age may be under way may end the global warming debate."
External links and references
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/27/opinion/27doran.htm Cold, Hard Facts] by PETER DORAN Thursday, 27 July 2006, in the [http://www.nytimes.com/ New York Times]
* [http://www.fallacyfiles.org/quotcont.html Quoting Out of Context] Fallacy Files.
* [http://humbugonline.blogspot.com/2005/01/examples-of-false-attribution.html Examples of False Attribution] @ Humbug Online (blog for the book in which the term was coined).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
False precision — (also called overprecision, fake precision, misplaced precision and spurious accuracy) occurs when numerical data are presented in a manner that implies better precision than is actually the case; since precision is a limit to accuracy, this… … Wikipedia
False dilemma — A false dilemma (also called false dichotomy, the either or fallacy, fallacy of false choice, black and white thinking, or the fallacy of exhaustive hypotheses) is a type of logical fallacy that involves a situation in which only two alternatives … Wikipedia
False consensus effect — The false consensus effect is the tendency for people to project their way of thinking onto other people. [cite web url = http://www.psychologycampus.com/social psychology/false consensus.html title = False Consensus False Uniqueness publisher =… … Wikipedia
false consciousness — A Marxist concept, referring to thinking that confirms human servitude, rather than emancipating the species essence. It refers to the purpose served by thought in the collective life of humanity. False consciousness hinders the universal class… … Dictionary of sociology
Fundamental attribution error — In social psychology, the fundamental attribution error (also known as correspondence bias or attribution effect) describes the tendency to over value dispositional or personality based explanations for the observed behaviors of others while… … Wikipedia
Moral rights in United Kingdom law — are parts of copyright law that protect the personal interests of the author of a copyrighted work, as well as the economic interests protected by other elements of copyright. Found in the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, the moral rights … Wikipedia
forgery — /fawr jeuh ree, fohr /, n., pl. forgeries. 1. the crime of falsely making or altering a writing by which the legal rights or obligations of another person are apparently affected; simulated signing of another person s name to any such writing… … Universalium
List of fallacies — For specific popular misconceptions, see List of common misconceptions. A fallacy is incorrect argumentation in logic and rhetoric resulting in a lack of validity, or more generally, a lack of soundness. Contents 1 Formal fallacies 1.1… … Wikipedia
Moral rights (copyright law) — Intellectual property law Primary rights Copyright · authors rights … Wikipedia
Fallacy — In logic and rhetoric, a fallacy is usually incorrect argumentation in reasoning resulting in a misconception or presumption. By accident or design, fallacies may exploit emotional triggers in the listener or interlocutor (appeal to emotion), or… … Wikipedia