Acrochordon


Acrochordon
Acrochordon
Classification and external resources

Skin tag on adult woman's upper cheek
ICD-10 L91.8
(congenital Q82.8)
ICD-9 701.9
OMIM 109400
DiseasesDB 33273
MedlinePlus 000848

An acrochordon (plural acrochorda, and also known as a (cutaneous) skin tag,[1] or fibroepithelial polyp,[2] is a small benign tumour that forms primarily in areas where the skin forms creases, such as the neck, armpit, and groin. They may also occur on the face, usually on the eyelids. Acrochorda are harmless and typically painless, and do not grow or change over time.[3] Though tags up to a half-inch long have been seen,[3] they are typically the size of a grain of rice. The surface of an acrochordon may be smooth or irregular in appearance and is often raised from the surface of the skin on a fleshy stalk called a peduncle. Microscopically, an acrochordon consists of a fibro-vascular core, sometimes also with fat cells, covered by an unremarkable epidermis. However, tags may become irritated by shaving, clothing or jewelry.

It is believed that skin tags occur from skin rubbing up against skin, since they are so often found in skin creases and folds.[3] Studies have shown existence of low-risk HPV 6 and 11 in skin tags hinting at a possible role in its pathogenesis.[4] They are more common in people who are overweight, have diabetes[3] and in pregnant women.[5] Acrochorda have been reported to have an incidence of 46% in the general population.[6] A causal genetic component is thought to exist.[7] They also are more common in women than men [8]. Rarely, they can be associated with the Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome and polycystic ovary syndrome.[9]

Treatment

Because tags are benign, treatment is unnecessary unless the tags become frequently irritated or present a cosmetic concern. If removal is desired or warranted, a dermatologist or similarly trained professional may use cauterization, cryosurgery, surgical ligation or excision to remove the acrochorda.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Cutaneous skin tags: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". www.nlm.nih.gov. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000848.htm. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  2. ^ Libby Edwards, Peter J. Lynch. Genital Dermatology Atlas. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2010. p. 209. http://books.google.com/books?id=RHzYQvluymwC&pg=PA209&dq=fibroepithelial+polyp#v=onepage&q=fibroepithelial%20polyp&f=false. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  3. ^ a b c d [1] Medline Plus - Medical Encyclopedia: Cutaneous Skin Tags
  4. ^ Gupta S, Aggarwal R, Gupta S, Arora SK. (2008). "Human papillomavirus and skin tags: Is there any association?". Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 74: 222–5. http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?2008/74/3/222/39585. 
  5. ^ [2] Medical News Today. What Are Skin Tags? What Causes Skin Tags?. 31 March 2009.
  6. ^ [3][clarification needed]
  7. ^ http://www.womens-health-beauty.com/skin-problems/acrochordons.htm
  8. ^ http://health.msn.com/health-topics/skin-and-hair/skin-tags
  9. ^ http://www.thedoctorsdoctor.com/diseases/acrochordon.htm

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • acrochordon — ⇒ACROCHORDON, subst. masc. MÉD. Sorte de verrue pédiculée provoquée par l hypertrophie de petites glandes sébacées principalement sur les paupières, à laquelle on a trouvé quelque ressemblance avec un bout de corde. Synon. rare acrochorde : • 1.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Acrochordon — A small tag of skin that may have a stalk (a peduncle). An acrochordon may appear on skin anywhere although the favorite locales are the eyelids, neck, armpits (axillae), upper chest, and groin. Invariably benign, this tiny tumor of the skin… …   Medical dictionary

  • acrochordon — (a kro kor don) s. m. Terme de médecine. On a décrit sous ce nom des productions organiques des paupières, dures, grêles, surtout vers leur extrémité adhérente, auxquelles on a trouvé quelque ressemblance, soit par leur forme, soit par leur… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Acrochordon — Molluscum pendulum Un molluscum pendulum est une formation tumorale cutanée bénigne et fréquente, qui forme une excroissance pédiculée. Habituellement, les lésions sont nombreuses et siègent surtout dans les grands plis du corps : aine,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • acrochordon — noun A soft, pedunculated or pensile wart, consisting of myomatous or edematous fibrous tissue, often found on the neck or eyelids of elderly persons. Syn: fibroepithelial polyp, skin tag …   Wiktionary

  • acrochordon — …   Useful english dictionary

  • fibroma pendulum — acrochordon …   Medical dictionary

  • soft fibroma — acrochordon …   Medical dictionary

  • cutaneous tag — acrochordon …   Medical dictionary

  • акрохордон — (acrochordon; акро + греч. chorde страна) см. Кожный рог …   Большой медицинский словарь


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