- Graham Bell Island
Graham Bell Native name: Остров Греэм-Белл
Location of Graham Bell Island in the Franz Josef Archipelago
Geography Location Kara Sea Coordinates Archipelago Franz Josef Land Area 1,557 km2 (601.2 sq mi) Highest elevation 509 m (1,670 ft) Highest point unnamed CountryRussia
Graham Bell Island is one of the largest islands of the group and it is partly glacierized. Its highest point is 509 m.
This island lies east of Wilczek Land, separated from it by a narrow sound known as Morgan Sound (Пролив Моргана; Proliv Morgana). It is the easternmost island of Franz Josef Land.
Cape Kohlsaat, the easternmost point of the archipelago at 81°14′N, 65°10′E, lies on Graham Bell Island's eastern shore. Cape Kohlsaat marks the northwestern-most corner of the Kara Sea, therefore it is a significant geographical landmark.
This island was named after inventor Alexander Graham Bell. Graham Bell Island should not be confused with smaller Bell Island which is also part of the Franz Josef Archipelago and which was also named after the same person.
Graham Bell Island is home to a Cold War outpost and to the airfield Greem Bell ( ) on the Northeastern end of the island. It is the largest airfield in the archipelago. It has a runway 2,100 m (7,000 ft) long. Russian cargo and fighter aircraft have regularly landed here since the 1950s. The runway was usable only in the 8 months with sufficiently frozen ground. Before it was shut down it was also used for tourist helicopter trips around the Russian arctic as a stopover and refueling base. The base was shut down completely in 1994. Today it is unused and falling into ruins which has closed Graham Bell to normal visitors. `
- Graham Bell Island's northern shore is fringed by clusters of very small islets.
- Ostrov Perlamutrovyy (Pyerlamutrov Island) lies off the southeastern shore of Graham Bell Island.
- Ostrov Trëkhluchevoy lies off its western shore at and is only 2 km in length.
- Ostrov Udachnyy is part of a cluster of islets located along the NW shores
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Islands of the Kara Sea (Russian Arctic)Arkticheskiy Institut Islands • Belukha and Prodolgovatyy • Bely Island • Bera Island • Bolshoi Korsakovsky Islands • Bonevi • Dzhekman Islands • Dikson Island • Eastern Islands • Firnley Islands • Gavrilova • Graham Bell Island • Heiberg Islands • Helland-Hansen Island • Izvestiy TSIK Islands • Kamennyye Islands • Khalyango • Kirov Islands • Kolchak Island • Kolomeytseva Islands • Kolosovykh • Komsomolets • Krasnoflotskiye • Krestovsky Island • Krusenstern Islands • Labyrintovyye • Levdiyev Island • Levinson-Lessing Island • Lishniy • Litke Island • Litke Islands • Markgama • Mestnyy • Minina Skerries • Mona Islands • Moristyy • Myachina Islands • Nablyudeniy • Nansen Island • Neupokoyeva • Nordenskiöld Archipelago • Nosok • Novaya Zemlya • October Revolution • Oleniy • Pakhtusov Islands • Pilota Makhotkina • Pioneer Island • Plavnikovyye • Proklyatyye • Rastorguyev Island • Russky Island • Schmidt Island • Scott Hansen Islands • Sedov Archipelago • Severnaya Zemlya • Severny Island • Shokalsky • Shren Islands • Sibiryakov Island • Sorevnovaniya • Storozhevyye • Sverdrup Island • Taymyra • Tillo Islands • Tsivolko Islands • Ushakov Island • Uyedineniya • Vaygach Island • Vilkitsky Island • Vize Island • Voronina • Yarzhinsky Islands • Yermolov Island • Yuzhny Island • Zveroboy This Arkhangelsk Oblast location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.