Thessaly


Thessaly

:"Thessalia redirects here. For the butterfly genus, see "Thessalia (butterfly).:"For the Ancient Thessalian dialect, see Aeolic Greek"Infobox Peri GR
name = Thessaly
name_local = Περιφέρεια Θεσσαλίας


prefec = Karditsa
Larissa
Magnesia
Trikala
capital = Larissa
population = 760714
population_as_of = 2005
area = 14037
website = [http://www.thessalia.gr/ www.thessalia.gr]

Thessaly (Greek: Θεσσαλία , "Thessalía" — Thessalian: polytonic|Πετθαλια "Petthalia") is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. The capital of the periphery and traditional geographical region (and until 1987 official) is Larissa. Together with the regions of Macedonia and Thrace, it is often referred to unofficially as "Northern Greece". The periphery lies in central Greece and borders Macedonia on the north, Epirus on the west, Sterea Hellas or Central Greece on the south and the Aegean Sea on the east. Before the Greek Dark Ages, Thessaly was known as Aeolia, and appears thus in Homer's "Odyssey".

Geography

Its geography consists of a ring of mountains surrounding a central plain: Trikala and Larissa lowlands. It has a distinct summer and winter season, with summer rains augmenting the fertility of the plains. This has led to Thessaly occasionally being called the "breadbasket of Greece".

The region is well delineated by topographical boundaries. The Khásia and Cambunian mountains lie to the north, the mount Olympus massif to the northeast. To the west lies the Pindus mountain range, to the southeast the coastal ranges of Óssa and Pelion.

Several tributaries of the Pineios river flow through the region.

Transport

There are a number of highways E75 and the main railway from Athens to Thessaloniki (Salonika) crosses Thessaly.The region is directly linked to the rest of Europe through International Airport of Central Greece located in Nea Anchialos in a small distance from Volos and Larisa. Until today charter flights links the region and brings tourists to the wider area, mainly in Pelion and Meteora. The new infrastructure includes a brand new terminal ready to serve 1500 passengers per hour and new airlanes.

History

Thessaly was home to an extensive Neolithic culture around 2500 BC. Mycenaean settlements have also been discovered, for example at the sites of Iolcos, Dimini and Sesklo (near Volos). Later, in ancient Greek times, the lowlands of Thessaly became the home of baronial families, such as the Aleuads of Larissa or the Scopads of Crannon. These baronial families organized a federation across the Thessaly region, later went on to control the Amphictyonic League in northern Greece. The Thessalians were renowned for their cavalry.

During the Greco-Persian wars (499 BC to 448 BC) the Aleuads joined the Persians. Jason of Pherae briefly transformed the country into a significant military power, though he was assassinated before any lasting achievements were made. In the 4th century BC Thessaly became dependent on Macedon and many served as vassals. In 148 BC the Romans formally incorporated Thessaly into the province of Macedonia, though in 300 AD Thessaly was made a separate province with its capital at Larissa. It remained as a part of the east Roman empire until the 13th century, when large portions were controlled by Vlach herdsmen (see Great Wallachia). In the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade Thessaly fell under the control of the Kingdom of Thessalonica, but in 1215 was conquered again by Theodore Komnenos Doukas and became one of the independent territories governed by that family. The dynasty ended in 1318 and was followed by a period of Byzantine and Serbian domination. After another period of independence, Thessaly was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1394. In 1881 the Ottoman Empire ceded most of Thessaly to Greece. Ottomans occupied again the region during Greco-Turkish War (1897) shortly and took small portions of it in 1897.

Administration

Thessaly is divided into 4 prefectures:
*Karditsa
*Larissa
*Magnesia
*Trikala

Major communities

*Kardítsa (Καρδίτσα)
*Lárisa (Λάρισα)
*Néa Ionía (Νέα Ιωνία)
*Tríkala (Τρίκαλα)
*Vólos (Βόλος)
*Larisa (Ελασσόνα)
*Larisa (Αγιά)
*Larisa (Τύρναβος)
*Larisa (Φάρσαλα)

In Mythology

In Homer's epic, the "Odyssey", Odysseus visits the kingdom of Aeolus, and this is the old name for Thessaly.

ee also

*List of traditional Greek place names
*CERETETH, Center of Technology Thessaly

External links

* [http://www.thessalia.gr/ Official website] (in Greek)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thessaly — [thes′ə lē] region of E Greece, between the Pindus Mountains & the Aegean Sea: see GREECE Thessalian [thə sal′yən, thəsā′lē ən] adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Thessaly — Thessalian /the say lee euhn, sayl yeuhn/, adj., n. /thes euh lee/, n. a region in E Greece: a former division of ancient Greece. 659,913; 5208 sq. mi. (14,490 sq. km). * * * Historical region and current administrative region (pop., 2001:… …   Universalium

  • Thessaly —    Region in central Greece (q.v.) distinguished by a large plain that is surrounded by mountains. The famous rock top monasteries of Meteora (q.v.) are situated on the edge of this plain. Thessaly s chief Byzantine cities included Larissa, Lamia …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Thessaly — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Thessaly Country and Admin Code GR.ESYE14 GR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Thessaly — noun a fertile plain on the Aegean Sea in east central Greece; Thessaly was a former region of ancient Greece • Syn: ↑Thessalia • Members of this Region: ↑Cynoscephalae, ↑battle of Cynoscephalae • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical area, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Thessaly — or Greek Thessalía geographical name region E Greece between Pindus Mountains & the Aegean • Thessalian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Thessaly — noun /ˈθesəli/ A region in north central Greece; one of its 13 periferies. It contains the prefectures of Karditsa, Larissa, Magnesia and Trikala …   Wiktionary

  • THESSALY —    the largest division of ancient Greece, a wide, fertile plain stretching southward from the Macedonian border to the Maliac Gulf, and entirely surrounded by mountains save the Vale of Tempe in the NE. between Mounts Ossa and Olympus; was… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Thessaly — div., CEN. Greece; 5,399 sq. mi …   Webster's Gazetteer

  • Thessaly — n. region in eastern central Greece …   English contemporary dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.