- Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
Antoine Duke of Lorraine and Bar
Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson
Portrait by Hans Holbein the Younger, 1543. Duke of Lorraine Reign 10 December 1508 - 14 June 1544 Predecessor René II Successor Francis I Spouse Renée de Bourbon Issue Francis, Duke of Lorraine
Nicholas, Duke of Mercœur
Anna, Princess of Orange
Full name Antoine de Lorraine House House of Vaudémont Father René II Mother Philippa of Guelders Born 4 June 1489
Died 14 June 1544(aged 55)
Antoine (4 June 1489 – 14 June 1544), known as the Good, was Duke of Lorraine from 1508 until his death in 1544.
Antoine was born at Bar-le-Duc, the son of René II, Duke of Lorraine and Philippa of Guelders. He was raised at the court of King Louis XII together with his brother Claude, and also made friends with the Duke of Angoulême, the future King Francis I.
In 1509 he entrusted the reins of the Duchy to his mother and Hugues des Hazards, bishop of Toul, and followed Louis XII in his campaign in northern Italy, where he took part in the Battle of Agnadello of that year. After Louis' death, he went again to Italy under Francis I, participating in the battle of Marignano (14/15 September 1515). However, called back home by problems in Lorraine, he was absent at the decisive battle of Pavia (1525), in which Francis was taken prisoner and his brother François, comte de Lambesc, was killed.
In Lorraine, Antoine had to face the spreading of Protestant Reformation, against which he published an edict on 26 December 1523. The situation worsened the following year, when a rebellion, known as German Peasants' War, broke out in Alsace. The insurrectionists captured Saverne and tried to conquer Saint-Dié, while the peasants of Bitscherland also rose in May 1525. Antoine launched an expedition which reconquered Saverne on 17 May and crushed a peasant army on 20 May near Sélestat. He subsequently promulgated other edicts against the Protestants.
Antoine was able to enlarge his duchy through heritages and acquisitions. Starting from 1525, he preferred to remain neutral in the wars which ensued between Francis I and Emperor Charles V. With the Treaty of Nuremberg (26 August 1542), he obtained by Charles V the independence of the Duchy of Lorraine
In 1538, he claimed the titles of Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutphen upon the death of Charles of Egmond, but was unable to gain possession of them.
He had six children:
- Francis I, Duke of Lorraine (1517–1545)
- Nicholas, Duke of Mercœur (1524–1577)
- Jean (1526–1532)
- Antoine (b. 1528), d. young
- Anna (1522–1568), married firstly René of Châlon, Prince of Orange and secondly Philip II, Duke of Aerschot (1496–1549)
- Elisabeth (b. 1530), d. young
16. Frederick of Lorraine 8. Antoine of Vaudémont 17. Marguerite de Joinville 4. Frederick II of Vaudémont 18. John VII, Count of Harcourt 9. Marie d'Harcourt 19. Marie of Alençon 2. René II, Duke of Lorraine 20. Louis II of Naples 10. René of Anjou 21. Yolande of Aragon 5. Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine 22. Charles II, Duke of Lorraine 11. Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine 23. Margaret of the Palatinate 1. Antoine, Duke of Lorraine 24. John II of Egmond, Count of Egmond 12. Arnold of Egmond, Duke of Gelderland 25. Maria van Arkel 6. Adolf of Egmond, Duke of Guelders 26. Adolph I of Mark, Duke of Cleves 13. Catherine of Cleves 27. Marie of Valois-Burgundy 3. Phillipa of Guelders 28. John I, Duke of Bourbon 14. Charles I, Duke of Bourbon 29. Marie de Berry, Duchess of Auvergne 7. Catharine of Bourbon 30. John the Fearless 15. Agnes of Valois-Burgundy 31. Margaret of Bavaria
Duke of Lorraine and Bar
Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson
Princes of LorraineThe generations start from the children of Réné II 1st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th GenerationPrince Henri* · Charles IV · Nicolas François, Duke of Lorraine · Henri, Duke of Guise* · Louis, Duke of Joyeuse* · Henri, Count of Harcourt · Charles, Duke of Elbeuf* · Henri, Abbot of Hombliéres* · François Marie, Prince of Lillebonne* · François Louis, Count of Harcourt* · Louis, Count of Armagnac · Philippe, Chevalier de Lorraine 6th GenerationFerdinand, Hereditary Prince* · Charles V · Charles Henri, Prince of Commercy* · Louis Joseph, Duke of Guise* · Alfonse Louis, Abbot of Royaumont* · Raimond Bérenger, Abbot of Faron de Meaux* · Henri, Duke of Elbeuf* · Emmanuel Maurice, Duke of Elbeuf* · Henri, Count of Brionne · Alphonse Henri, Count of Harcourt · Charles, Count of Marsan 7th GenerationLéopold I · Charles Joseph, Bishop of Olomouc* · Prince Charles Ferdinand* · Prince Joseph Innocent* · François Antoine, Abbot of Malmedy* · Charles Thomas, Prince of Vaudémont · François Joseph, Duke of Guise* · Henri, Count of Brionne · Charles, Count of Armagnac · Louis, Prince of Lambesc · Joseph, Count of Harcourt · Charles Louis, Count of Marsan 8th Generation 9th GenerationCharles Eugene, Prince of Lambesc, Duke of Elbeuf* · Joseph, Prince of Vaudémont*
- died without surviving issue
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