Tetrarch


Tetrarch

Tetrarch is a Greek term meaning "ruler of a quarter" for a holder of Imperial office under a Tetrarchy. It was applied earlier to rulers of minor principalities owing allegiance to Rome.

It can also refer, more loosely, to

* A provincial governor in a country composed of several smaller parts.
* A subordinate or dependent prince, or petty sovereign. For example, the Tetrarchs of Roman Palestine, such as Herod Antipas, were tributary kings (Matt. 14:9).
* A Macedonian officer in charge of a unit associated with the number four ("tetra"), such as a quarter of a larger unit (such as a phalanx, or in one case a 'company' of 64 footmen), or comprising four smaller units (in one case 4 "lochoi", each under a "lochagos").
* A Roman military rank, similar to the previous Greek usage
* A British light tank of World War II, see Tetrarch tank
* Tetrarch (Well of Echoes), a book by Ian Irvine, part of the Well of Echoes series

References

*Encyclopedia, MS Encarta 2001, under article "Tetrarch".


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  • TETRARCH — TETRARCH, Greek term meaning vassal ruler, given to minor rulers in the provinces of Judea and Syria in the Roman period. The original meaning of the word was head of the four, and it was used in this sense in Thessaly. However, in the course of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Tetrarch — ist die Bezeichnung für einen Herrscher im Rahmen einer Tetrarchie einen Panzer, siehe Tetrarch (Panzer) eine viersträngige Wurzel einer Pflanze Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tetrarch — late O.E. tetrarche ruler of one of four divisions of a kingdom or province, from L.L. tetrarcha, from Gk. tetrarkhes leader of four companies, tetrarch, from tetra four (see TETRA (Cf. tetra )) + arkhein to rule (see ARCHON (Cf. archon)).… …   Etymology dictionary

  • tetrarch — tetrarch·ate; tetrarch; …   English syllables

  • Tetrarch — Te trarch, a. Four. [Obs.] Fuller. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tetrarch — Te trarch, n. [L. tetrarches, Gr. ?, ?; te tra (see {Tetra }) + ? a ruler, ? to lead; rule: cf. F. t[ e]trarque. See {Arch}, a.] (Rom. Antiq.) A Roman governor of the fourth part of a province; hence, any subordinate or dependent prince; also, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tetrárch — (griech.), in asiatischen Staaten (z. B. Galatien) ein »Vierfürst«, d. h. einer der vier Beherrscher des Landes; in Judäa hießen die Teilfürsten Tetrarchen, z. B. Herodes. Tetrarchie, Herrschaft, Würde, Bezirk eines Vierfürsten; s. auch Phalanx …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tetrárch — (grch.), Vierfürst, im Altertum einer der 4 Beherrscher eines Landes (z.B. in Galatien) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • tetrarch — [te′trärk΄, tē′trärk΄] n. [ME tetrarche < LL(Ec) tetrarcha < L tetrarches < Gr tetrarchēs: see TETRA & ARCH] 1. in the ancient Roman Empire, the ruler of part (orig. a fourth part) of a province 2. a subordinate prince, governor, etc.… …   English World dictionary

  • tetrarch — tetrarchy, tetrarchate /te trahr kayt , kit, tee /, n. tetrarchic /te trahr kik, ti /, tetrarchical, adj. /te trahrk, tee /, n. 1. any ruler of a fourth part, division, etc. 2. a subordinate ruler. 3. one of four joint rulers or chiefs. 4. the… …   Universalium


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