Vairano Patenora


Vairano Patenora

Infobox CityIT
img_coa =
official_name = Vairano Patenora
name = Vairano Patenora
region = Campania
province = Province of Caserta (CE)
elevation_m = area_total_km2 = population_as_of = December 2004
population_total = 6330
population_density_km2 = 145
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|41|20|N|14|8|E|type:city(6,330)_region:IT
frazioni =
telephone = 0823
postalcode = 81058
gentilic = vairanesi
saint =
day =
mayor =
website =
mapy = 14.1333
mapx = 41.3333

Vairano Patenora is a "comune" (municipality) in the Province of Caserta in the Italian region Campania, located about 60 km north of Naples and about 35 km northwest of Caserta. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 6,330 and an area of 43.7 km².All demographics and other statistics: Italian Statistical Institute Istat.]

Vairano Patenora borders the following municipalities: Ailano, Caianello, Marzano Appio, Pietravairano, Pratella, Presenzano, Raviscanina, Riardo, Teano.

History

The first inhabitants of Vairano lived 700,000 years ago. in fact remains found on our hills certify that primitive men lived in caves or in wooden huts. One of the first civilization was Opici one who were followed by the Etruscans, the Samnites and by the Sidicini. Sanniti built on our hills fortified cities as we known by the remains visible on Montano, Caievola and Monteforte. In 290 B.C. our territory went under Romans’ control and even now we can see old Roman bridge in a place called Frattelle.

Between the 6th and the 9th centuries Lombards invaded Vairano and built a first fortress which was used to defend themselves against Saracen and other invasions. In the eleventh century Normans subdued Longobardi and in 1191 Enrico II of Suevia gave Roffredo dell’Isola, Montecassino abbot, the castle.

The fortress underwent several trasformations and rebuildings during centuries: the most important was made by Innico d'Avalos in the 16th century.

In 1590 Vairano and Marzanello were bought by baron Mormile who turned the military fortress into a residential seat. Mormile owned Vairano until 1806.It's very important to underline that in Vairano there was historical meet of Garibaldi and Victor Emmanuel II at Taverna della Catena where was ratified the Unity of Italy.

Demographic evolution

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TextData= fontsize:S pos:(20,20) text:Data from ISTAT

References



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vairano Patenora — Vairano Patenora …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vairano Patenora — Administration Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vairano Patenora — Original name in latin Vairano Patenora Name in other language Vairano Patenora State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 41.33702 latitude 14.13112 altitude 140 Population 6259 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Marzano Appio —   Comune   Comune di Marzano Appio …   Wikipedia

  • Raviscanina — Raviscanina …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ailano — Administration Nom italien Ailano Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Caianello — Administration Nom italien Caianello Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marzano Appio — Administration Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pietravairano — Administration Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pratella — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Francesco Balilla Pratella. Pratella Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français


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