- William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey
William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (died 1138), was the son of
William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surreyand his first wife Gundred. He is more often referred to as "Earl Warenne" or "Earl of Warenne" than as Earl of Surrey.
In January 1091, William assisted
Hugh of Grantmesnil(d.1094) in his defense of Courcy against the forces of Robert de Bellemeand Duke Robert [Orderic Vitalis, p. 692] .
Sometime around 1093 he tried to marry Matilda (or Edith), daughter of king
Malcolm III of Scotland. She instead married Henry I of England, and this may be the cause of William's great dislike of Henry I, which was to be his apparent motivator in the following years.
Robert Curthose(Duke Robert) in his 1101 invasion of England, and afterwards lost his English lands and titles and was exiled to Normandy[Orderic Vitalis p.785] . There he complained to Curthose that he expended great effort on the duke's behalf and had in return lost most of his possessions. Curthose's return to England in 1103 was apparently made to convince his brother to restore William's earldom. This was successful, though Curthose had to give up all he had received after the 1101 invasion, and subsequently William was loyal to Henry.
To further insure William's loyalty Henry considered marrying him to one of his many illegitimate daughters. He was however dissuaded by Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, for any of the daughters would have been within the prohibited degrees of
consanguinity. The precise nature of the consanguinous relationship Anselm had in mind has been much debated, but it is most likely he was referring to common descent from the father of duchess Gunnor.
William was one of the commanders on Henry's side (against Robert Curthose) at the
Battle of Tinchebrayin 1106. Afterwards, with his loyalty thus proven, he became more prominent in Henry's court.
In 1110, Curthose's son
William Clitoescaped along with Helias of Saint-Saens, and afterwards Warenne received the forfeited Saint-Saens lands, which were very near his own in upper Normandy. By this maneuver king Henry further assured his loyalty, for the successful return of Clito would mean at the very least Warenne's loss of this new territory.
He fought at the
Battle of Bremulein 1119 [Orderic Vitalis p.853-4] , and was at Henry's deathbed in 1135.
William's death is recorded as 11-May-1138 in the register of Lewes priory and he was buried with his father at the chapter-house there.
In 1118 William acquired the royal-blooded bride he desired when married Elizabeth de Vermandois. She was a daughter of count
Hugh of Vermandois, a son of Henry I of France, and was the widow of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester.
By Elizabeth he had three sons and two daughters:
William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey;
Reginald de Warenne, who inherited his father's property in upper Normandy, including the castles of Bellencombre and Mortemer [Faedera, i.18.] He married Adeline, daughter of William, lord of Wormgay in Norfolk, by whom he had a son William (founder of the priory of Wormegay), whose daughter and sole heir Beatrice married first Dodo, lord Bardolf, and secondly Hubert de Burgh; Reginald was one of the persecutors of Archbishop Thomas in 1170.
Ralph de Warenne
Gundrada de Warenne, who married first Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick, and second William, lord of Kendal, and is most remembered for expelling king Stephen's garrison from Warwick Castle;
Ada de Warenne, who married Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdonwho made many grants to the priory of Lewes. [Manuscript Register of Lewes]
*C. Warren Hollister, " [http://www.medievalists.net/articles/hr01.htm The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne] ", "Historical Reflections" 3 (1976) 83-91
*C. Warren Hollister, "Henry I" (2001)
* [http://www.maintour.com/family/reid/warren_line.htm Warren Family History Project]
*"The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis," ed. M. Chibnall, vol. 2, p. 264 (Oxford, 1990).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
William de Warenne, 2. Earl of Surrey — († 1138) war ein anglo normannischer Adliger aus dem Hause Warenne. Von ihm wird meist nicht als Earl of Surrey, sondern als Earl Warenne oder Earl of Warenne gesprochen. Leben Er war der Sohn von William de Warenne, 1. Earl of Surrey und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey — William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey, (died 1088) was one of the Norman nobles who fought at the Battle of Hastings and became great landowners in England.He was a son of Rodulf II de Warenne and Emma and a grandnephew of duchess Gunnor, wife… … Wikipedia
William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey — (d. 1148), was the eldest son of the William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth de Vermandois. He was generally loyal to king Stephen. He fought at the Battle of Lincoln (1141), and was one of the leaders of the army that pursued the… … Wikipedia
William de Warenne, 2. Graf von Surrey — William de Warenne, 2. Earl of Surrey († 1138) war der Sohn von William de Warenne, 1. Earl of Surrey und seiner ersten Frau Gundrada. Von ihm wird meist nicht als Earl of Surrey, sondern als Earl Warenne oder Earl of Warenne gesprochen. Um 1093… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hamelin de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey — Hamelin de Warenne (Plantagenet) 1129 May 7, 1202) was an English nobleman who was prominent at the courts of the Angevin kings of England, Henry II, Richard I, and John.He was an illegitimate son of Geoffrey of Anjou, and thus a half brother of… … Wikipedia
William de Warenne — may refer to the following people:*William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey (d. 1088) *William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (d. 1138) *William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey (d. 1148) *William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey (d. 1240) *Sir William … Wikipedia
Earl of Surrey — The Earldom of Surrey was first created in 1088 for William de Warenne. Perhaps because he held little property in Surrey, the earldom came to be more commonly called of Warenne . The name Warenne comes from the name of their property in Normandy … Wikipedia
William d’Aubigny, 2. Earl of Arundel — William d Aubigny, 2. Earl of Arundel (* vor 1150; † 24. Dezember 1193, begraben in Abtei Wymondham, Norfolk) war der Sohn von William d’Aubigny, 1. Earl of Arundel und Adelheid von Löwen, der Witwe des Königs Heinrich I. von England. 1176/77… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick — (1102 ndash; 12 June 1153), was the elder son of Henry de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Warwick and Marguerite, daughter of Geoffrey II of Perche and Beatrix of Montdidier. He was also known as Roger de Newburg.He was generally considered to have been a… … Wikipedia
Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = name =Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester honorific suffix = imagesize = small caption = order = office = Chief Justiciar of England term start =October 1155 term end =April 5, 1168 vicepresident =… … Wikipedia