United States Department of the Treasury


United States Department of the Treasury

Infobox Government agency
agency_name = The Department of the Treasury



seal_width = 140 px
seal_caption = Treasury Seal
formed = September 2, 1789
preceding1 = Board of Treasury
jurisdiction = Federal government of the United States
headquarters = 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW Washington, D.C.
employees = 115,897 (2007)
budget = $11.10 billion (2007)
chief1_name = Henry M. Paulson, Jr.
chief1_position = Secretary
chief2_name = Robert Kimmitt
chief2_position = Deputy Secretary
chief3_name = Anna Escobedo Cabral
chief3_position = Treasurer
child1_agency = Internal Revenue Service
child2_agency = United States Mint
child3_agency = Bureau of Engraving and Printing
child4_agency =
website = [http://www.ustreas.gov/ www.ustreas.gov]
Infobox nrhp
name = U.S. Department of the Treasury (building)
nrhp_type = nhl


caption = The U.S. Treasury building designed by Robert Mills
location=1500 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, D.C.
nearest_city =
lat_degrees =
lat_minutes =
lat_seconds =
lat_direction =
long_degrees =
long_minutes =
long_seconds =
long_direction =
area =
built = 1836–1842 (East Wing and Central); 1855–1861 (South Wing); 1862–1864 (West Wing); 1867–1869 (North Wing)
architect = Robert Mills (East Wing and Central); Ammi B. Young and Alexander H. Bowman (South Wing); Isaiah Rogers (West Wing); Alfred B. Mullett (North Wing)
architecture = Greek Revival
designated=November 11, 1971cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1172&ResourceType=Building
title=United States Department of the Treasury |accessdate=2008-05-11|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service
]
added = November 11, 1971It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1971.citation|title=PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/71001007.pdf National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: United States Department of the Treasury] |32 KB|date=February 3, 1971 |author=W. Brown Morton III |publisher=National Park Service and PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Photos/71001007.pdf "Accompanying five photos, exterior, undated"] |32 KB]
visitation_num =
visitation_year =
refnum = 71001007
mpsub =
governing_body =The United States Department of the Treasury is a Cabinet department and the treasury of the United States government. It was established by an Act of Congress in 1789 to manage government revenue. The first Secretary of the Treasury was Alexander Hamilton, President George Washington asking Hamilton to serve after first having asked Robert Morris (who declined, recommending Hamilton instead). Hamilton almost single-handedly worked out the nation's early financial system, and for several years was a major presence in Washington's administration as well.The Department is administered by the United States Secretary of the Treasury and the Treasurer of the United States, who receives and keeps the money of the United States. The Department prints and mints all paper currency and coins in circulation through the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and the United States Mint. It also collects all federal taxes through the Internal Revenue Service.

Duties

The United States Department of the Treasury enforces all existing US Laws of a financial nature. These include:

#Recommends and implements the economic, fiscal, and currency policies of the President as approved by Congress.
#Oversees the established laws and regulation of exports and imports.
#Designs, prints, and mints all authorized mediums of exchange used by the US Government, including Currency, Coins, Stamps, and Bonds, as directed by the Federal Reserve.
#Oversees regulation of all financial institutions chartered by the United States, as approved by the President and Congress
#Collects all United States Revenue.

The United States Department of the Treasury does not create laws and regulations. The Department enforces the laws and regulations enacted by United States Congress.

The United States Secretary of the Treasury serves primarily in an administrative capacity, and also in an advisory role to the United States President.

History

The Office of the Treasurer is the only office in the Treasury Department that is older than the Department itself, as it was originally created by the Continental Congress in 1775. [US Treasury website [http://www.treas.gov/offices/treasurer/office-history.shtml History of the Treasurer's Office] ] Michael Hillegas served as the first Treasurer of the United States [US Treasury website: [http://www.treas.gov/education/history/treasurers/ Treasurers of the United States] .] and throughout the American Revolution until Congress created of The Department of the Treasury on September 2, 1789:

:"And be it...enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to digest and prepare plans for the improvement and management of the revenue, and for the support of public credit; to prepare and report estimates of the public revenue, and the public expenditures; to superintend the collection of revenue; to decide on the forms of keeping and stating accounts and making returns, and to grant under the limitations herein established, or to be hereafter provided, all warrants for monies to be issued from the Treasury, in pursuance of appropriations by law; to execute such services relative to the sale of the lands belonging to the United States, as may be by law required of him; to make report, and give information to either branch of the legislature, in person or in writing (as he may be required), respecting all matters referred to him by the Senate or House of Representatives, or which shall appertain to his office; and generally to perform all such services relative to the finances, as he shall be directed to perform." [ [http://www.ustreas.gov/education/fact-sheets/history/act-congress.html U.S. Treasury - Fact Sheet on the Act of Congress Establishing the Treasury Department ] ]

Alexander Hamilton was sworn in as the first Secretary of the Treasury on September 11, 1789. His portrait is on the obverse of the U.S. ten dollar bill and the Treasury Department building is shown on the reverse.

The current law, usc|31|301, reads as follows (in part):

cquote|(a) The Department of the Treasury is an executive department of the United States Government at the seat of the Government.

(b) The head of the Department is the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Responsibilities

The basic functions of the Department of the Treasury include:
* Managing Federal finances;
* Collecting taxes, duties and monies paid to and due to the U.S. and paying all bills of the U.S.;
* Producing all postage stamps, currency and coinage;
* Managing Government accounts and the U.S. public debt;
* Supervising national banks and thrift institutions;
* Advising on domestic and international financial, monetary, economic, trade and tax policy - fiscal policy being the sum of these, and the ultimate responsibility of Congress.
* Enforcing Federal finance and tax laws;
* Investigating and prosecuting tax evaders, counterfeiters, forgers, smugglers, illicit spirits distillers, and gun law violators.

With respect to the estimation of revenues for the executive branch, Treasury serves a purpose parallel to that of the Office of Management and Budget for the estimation of spending for the executive branch, the Joint Committee on Taxation for the estimation of revenues for Congress, and the Congressional Budget Office for the estimation of spending for Congress.

The term Treasury reform usually refers narrowly to reform of monetary policy and related economic policy and accounting reform. The broader term monetary reform usually refers to reform of policy of institutions such as the International Monetary Fund.

Organization

United States Secretary of the Treasury
*United States Deputy Secretary of the Treasury
**Treasurer of the United States
***United States Mint
***Bureau of Engraving and Printing
**Under Secretary for Domestic Finance
***Assistant Secretary for Financial Institutions
***Assistant Secretary for Financial Markets
***Assistant Secretary for of Fiscal Service
****Financial Management Service
****Bureau of Public Debt
**Under Secretary for International Affairs
***Assistant Secretary for International Affairs
**Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
***Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing
***Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis
***Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
**Assistant Secretary for Economic Policy
**Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs
**Assistant Secretary for Management/Chief Financial Officer
**Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs/Director of Policy Planning
**Assistant Secretary for Tax Policy
***Internal Revenue Service
***Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
**Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) [http://www.treas.gov/tigta/]
**General Counsel
**Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
**Office of Thrift Supervision

Effective January 24, 2003 the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms was no longer a Bureau of the Department of the Treasury. The law enforcement functions of ATF have been transferred to the Department of Justice. The tax and trade functions of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms remained with Treasury at the new Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau.

On March 1, 2003 the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, the United States Customs Service, and the United States Secret Service moved to the United States Department of Homeland Security.

four basic functions performed are: Formulating and recommending economic, financial, tax, and fiscal policies.

Under the Secretary's direct supervision are the departmental offices, which are responsible for management and policy formulation.

* Domestic Finance
* Economic Policy
* General Counsel
* Information and Technology Management
* International Affairs
* Management
* Public Affairs
* Tax Policy
* Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI)
* Treasurer of the United States

The Office of the General Counsel is charged with supervising all legal proceedings involving the collection of debts due the United States, establishing regulations to guide customs collectors, issuing distress warrants against delinquent revenue collectors or receivers of public money, examining Treasury officers' official bonds and related legal documents, serving as legal adviser to the department and administered lands acquired by the United States in payment for debts. This office was preceded by the offices of the Comptroller of the Treasury (1789–1817), First Comptroller of the Treasury (1817-20), Agent of the Treasury (1820-30) and Solicitor of the Treasury 1830–1934.

References

External links

* [http://www.treas.gov/ United States Department of the Treasury website]
* [http://thefederalregister.com/b.p/department/DEPARTMENT_OF_THE_TREASURY/ Department Of The Treasury Meeting Notices and Rule Changes] from The Federal Register [http://thefederalregister.com/rss/department/DEPARTMENT_OF_THE_TREASURY/ RSS Feed] "Enough Wise Men, The Story of Our Constitution" by Forrest McDonaldPublished by the Dominion of Canada and by Longmans Canada Limited, Toronto 1970


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United States Department of the Treasury — Finanzministerium Eingerichtet: 2. September 1789 Minister Timothy F. Geithner Stellvertreter Haushalt: 11,1 Mrd (2004) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seal of the United States Department of the Treasury — The United States Treasury Seal is the official symbol of the United States Department of the Treasury. It actually predates the department, having originated with the Board of Treasury during the period of the Articles of Confederation. It is… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Secretary of the Treasury — Infobox US Cabinet post = United States Secretary of the Treasury insignia = US DeptOfTheTreasury Seal.svg insigniasize = 100px insigniacaption = Official Seal incumbent = Henry Paulson incumbentsince = July 10, 2006 first = Alexander Hamilton… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Secretary of the Treasury — Finanzministerium Eingerichtet: 2. September 1789 Minister Timothy F. Geithner Stellvertreter Haushalt: 11,1 Mrd (2004) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United States Department of the Interior — Seal Agency overview Headquarters …   Wikipedia

  • United States Department of the Navy — Department of the Navy DON Seal of the Department of the Navy Agency overview Formed 1798 Head …   Wikipedia

  • Chief of Staff to the United States Secretary of the Treasury — The Chief of Staff to the Secretary of the Treasury is the coordinator of the supporting staff and primary aide to the United States Secretary of the Treasury. According to Treasury order 101 05, the Chief of Staff shall report directly to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Confederate States Department of the Treasury personnel — During the American Civil War 11 Southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America, also known as the Confederacy . Led by Jefferson Davis, the Confederacy fought for its… …   Wikipedia

  • Department of the Treasury — Finanzministerium Eingerichtet: 2. September 1789 Minister Timothy F. Geithner Stellvertreter Haushalt: 11,1 Mrd (2004) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Department of the Treasury — Several countries have a Department of the Treasury. These departments include: Department of the Treasury (Australia) Department of Treasury (Barbados) Department of Treasury Resources, Guernsey Department of Treasury (Papua New Guinea) United… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.