Kiriath-Jearim


Kiriath-Jearim

Kiriath-Jearim - "city of woods" - was a city in the Land of Israel during the time of the Hebrew Bible. It was also called Kiriath-Ba'al, Ba'alah and Ba'ale-Judah.

Eusebius says that the city was located about 15 km from Jerusalem. It is identified with Deir el-Azar (Tel Qiryat Yearim) today.

Kiriath-jearim was mentioned as a Hivite city and connected with the Gibeonites. It came to be placed at the border between the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. It is mentioned as the place the Ark of the Covenant was moved after being in Beth-shemesh. About 70 years afterward, the ark was moved to Jerusalem and placed in a tent outside the palace of David.

Kiriath-jearim's change in designation from Kiriath-Ba'al betrays the population change that took place after Joshua's military campaign, or holy war (Heb., "cherem") to take possession of the land from its previous inhabitants. The religious basis for the war is revealed in the city's renaming; the name Baal belonged to a pagan deity, which, according to the Bible, the God of Israel ordered Joshua and the Israelites to erase the memory of the Ba'al cult (see Joshua 18.14). Interestingly, however, the name change does not reflect the Yahwist religious affiliation of the city's conquerors. Rather, it reflects salient geographical features.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KIRIATH-JEARIM — (Heb. קִרְיַת יְעָרִים), city of the Hivites belonging to the Gibeonite confederation (Josh. 9:17). Its original name was Kiriath Ba al or Baalah. Kiriath Jearim was situated on the border of Judah and Benjamin (Josh. 15:9, 60; 18:14, 15) and was …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kiriath-jearim — An important city of the Gibeonites where the Ark [[➝ ark]] of the Covenant was kept for twenty years after its return from Philistia [[➝ Philistines]] (1 Sam. 7:1; 2 Sam. 6:2) until David removed it to Jerusalem …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Tribal allotments of Israel — According to the Book of Joshua, Joshua divided the newly conquered land of Canaan into parcels, and assigned them to the Tribes of Israel by lot. The Book of Joshua describes the parcels by giving landmarks along the borders, or in some cases by …   Wikipedia

  • BENJAMIN — (Heb. בִּנְיָמִין), youngest son of jacob by rachel (Gen. 35:16–18), and the eponym of the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the only one of Jacob s sons to be born in Canaan. Little is told of his life and personality. Our preserved texts… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SAMUEL, BOOK OF — SAMUEL, BOOK OF, the eighth book of the Hebrew Bible and the third in the subdivision known as the Former Prophets. Originally a single unit, the Septuagint and the Vulgate divide the book in two, titling the resulting parts First and Second… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CALEB, CALEBITES — (Heb. ). Caleb, representing the tribe of Judah, was one of the spies sent by Moses to reconnoiter the land of Canaan. Only he and joshua son of Nun were of the opinion that the Israelites should attempt to invade Canaan immediately. The people,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Chephirah — is one of four towns named in Joshua 9:17 along with Gibeon, Beeroth, and Kiriath Jearim. The context is a story explaining a peace treaty between the Israelites and the natives of this region. Chephirah appears again in 18:26 as one of the towns …   Wikipedia

  • Books of Samuel — The Books of Samuel (Hebrew: Sefer Sh muel ספר שמואל) are part of the Tanakh (part of Judaism s Hebrew Bible) and also of the Christian Old Testament. The work was originally written in Hebrew, and the Book(s) of Samuel originally formed a single …   Wikipedia

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark — This article is about the film. For the video game, see Raiders of the Lost Ark (video game). Raiders of the Lost Ark Original theatrical release poster by Richard Amsel Directed …   Wikipedia

  • Obed-Edom — (oh bed ee duhm) HEBREW: Worshiper of Edom / servant of Edom. The Gittite (probably so called because he was a native of Gath rimmon), a Levite of the family of the Korhites,[1]. He had taken up residence in Judah, perhaps as a convert to the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.