Tualatin Mountains


Tualatin Mountains

The Tualatin Mountains (also known as the West Hills or Southwest Hills of Portland) are a range of hills on the western border of Multnomah County, Oregon, United States. A spur of the Northern Oregon Coast Range, they separate the Tualatin Basin of Washington County, Oregon from the Portland Basin of western Multnomah County and Clark County, Washington.

The range includes Mount Sylvania, Elk Point, Dixie Mount, Rocky Point, Bald Hill, Long Mountain.Fact|date=January 2008

The hills date from the late Cenozoic era, and range up to over 1000 ft (305 m). Composed mainly of basalt, the mountains were formed by several flows of the Grande Ronde basalt flows that were part of the larger Columbia River basalts. [Bishop, Ellen Morris. "In Search of Ancient Oregon: A Geological and Natural History". Timber Press, 2003.] Human settlement goes back 10,000 years to the area's earliest known residents, the Chinook people.

Despite steep slopes, periodic landslides, and multiple earthquake faults, many residences have been built in the Tualatin Mountains, though much of the northern portion is undeveloped land within the 5,000 acre (20.23 km²) Forest Park. The landscape, inside and outside the park, is predominantly forested.

U.S. Route 26 (the Sunset Highway) is the principal transportation link across the hills, traveling through a canyon and over the pass at Sylvan. This route through the hills connecting the agricultural Tualatin Basin to the navigable Willamette River was developed as a plank road in the 19th century, and was a major factor in the early growth of the city of Portland.

Since 1998, the west side MAX Light Rail has run roughly parallel to US 26 through the hills, including a section tunneled deep underground.

ee also

*Southwest Hills, Portland, Oregon
*List of Oregon mountain ranges

References

Specific references:General references:
* [http://www.portlandonline.com/shared/cfm/image.cfm?id=59062 Southwest Hills Resource Protection Plan] (Portland Bureau of Planning, 1992)
* [http://geology.wr.usgs.gov/wgmt/pacnw/tunnel/index.html A gravity study through the Tualatin Mountains, Oregon: Understanding crustal structure and earthquake hazards in the Portland urban area] (R. Blakely, K. Cruikshank, A. Johnson, M. Beeson, K. Walsh, & R. Wells, 2001)
* [http://nwdata.geol.pdx.edu/Landslides/PDX-Landslide/metrosld.pdf Landslides in the Portland, Oregon Metropolitan Area Resulting from the Storm of February 1996: Inventory Map, Database and Evaluation] (S.F. Burns, W.J. Burns, D.H. James, & J.C. Hinkle, 1998)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tualatin — may refer to:* Tualatin (people), a Native American tribe in western Oregon in the United States * Tualatin Academy, a building and former school in Forest Grove, Oregon * Tuality Community Hospital, a hospital in Hillsboro, Oregon * Tuality… …   Wikipedia

  • Tualatin Plains — The Tualatin Plains are a prairie area in central Washington County, Oregon, United States. Located around the Hillsboro and Forest Grove areas, the plains were first inhabited by the Atfalati band of the Kalapuya group of Native Americans. Euro… …   Wikipedia

  • Tualatin Valley — The Tualatin Valley is a farming and suburban region southwest of Portland, Oregon in the United States. The valley is formed by the meandering Tualatin River, a tributary of the Willamette River at the northwest corner of the Willamette Valley,… …   Wikipedia

  • Tualatin River — Infobox River river name = Tualatin River image size = 240px caption = The Tualatin River in northwest Oregon origin = Northern Oregon Coast Range mouth = Willamette River basin countries = United States length mi = 83 elevation ft = 450 mouth… …   Wikipedia

  • List of mountains of Oregon — Mountains of Oregon above 7,000 feet (2,134 m) in elevation The mountains in the U.S. state of Oregon include: Mount Ashland Aspen Butte Mount Bachelor Mount Bailey (Oregon) Bald Peak Mount Baldy (Polk County, Oregon …   Wikipedia

  • Chehalem Mountains — Chehalem Range Range Southeast from Bald Peak …   Wikipedia

  • Fanno Creek — Geobox | River name = Fanno Creek category = Creek image size = 300 image caption = Fanno Creek in Greenway Park, Beaverton etymology = Augustus Fanno, early settler country = United States country state = Oregon district type = County district …   Wikipedia

  • Northern Oregon Coast Range — Range The Northern Coast Range, seen from Saddle Mountain in Clatsop County …   Wikipedia

  • Cornelius Pass Road — North end: US 30 near Portland Major junctions: US 26 in Hillsboro …   Wikipedia

  • Oregon Coast Range — This article is about the range in Oregon. For the larger grouping also known as the Coast Ranges, see Pacific Coast Ranges. Oregon Coast Range Coast Range Range …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.