Summum


Summum

:"For other uses of "Summum", see Summum (disambiguation)".

Summum is a religion and philosophy that began in 1975 as a result of Claude "Corky" Nowell's encounter with beings he describes as "Summa Individuals." According to Nowell, these beings presented him with concepts regarding the nature of creation, concepts that have always existed and are continually re-introduced to humankind by advanced beings who work along the pathways of creation. As a result of his experience, Nowell founded Summum in order to share the "gift" he received with others. [ cite web
last = Ra
first = Amen
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/about/firstencounter.shtml
title = The First Encounter
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =
] In 1980, as a reflection of his new found evolutionary path, he changed his name to Summum Bonum Amon Ra, [ cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/about/welcome.shtml
title = Welcome to Summum
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =
] but news stories indicate he goes by Corky Ra. cite news
last = Henetz
first = Patty
coauthors =
title = Utah-based church melds wine, sexuality, meditation
work =
pages =
language =
publisher = Associated Press
date = 2002-04-22
url = http://www.lubbockonline.com/stories/042702/rel_0427020109.shtml
accessdate = 2007-09-15
]

Basis of the philosophy

Summum's philosophy stems from what it considers to be principles of nature that cannot be accredited to any person. cite book
last = Ra
first = Summum Bonum Amen
authorlink =
coauthors =
editor =
others =
title = SUMMUM: Sealed Except to the Open Mind
origdate =
origyear = 1975
origmonth =
url = http://www.summum.us/philosophy/ebook/ebook.htm
format = HTML
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =
accessmonth =
edition =
date =
year = 2004
month =
publisher = Summum
location = Salt Lake City
language =
id =
doi =
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chapter =
chapterurl =
quote =
] These principles flower in different forms and were outlined before in the writings of "The Kybalion" first published in 1912. [ cite book
last = Three Initiates
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
editor =
others =
title = The Kybalion
origdate =
origyear = 1912
origmonth =
url = http://www.kybalion.org/kybalion.asp
format = HTML
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =
accessmonth =
edition =
date =
year = 1940
month =
publisher = The Yogi Publication Society
location = Chicago
language =
id =
doi =
pages =
chapter =
chapterurl =
quote =
] But Summum, considering "The Kybalion" incomplete and antiquated, rewrote the book after it fell into the public domain. [ cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year = 2002-2006
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/philosophy/kybalion.shtml
title = Summum and "The Kybalion"
format =
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =
] The new, derivative work utilized a more modern language and incorporated the new information that was presented to Ra by the Summa Individuals. Included in that information is an explanation and description of how creation came about. The rewrite resulted in a book published by Summum entitled "SUMMUM: Sealed Except to the Open Mind," and it provides an outline of the group's philosophy. The basis of the philosophy is the "Grand Principle of Creation" that states, "Nothing and Possibility come in and out of bond infinite times in a finite moment." The principle of creation generates the totality of existence which the Summum philosophy refers to as "SUMMUM," and from this master principle emanate "Seven Summum Principles" known as Psychokinesis, Correspondence, Vibration, Opposition, Rhythm, Cause and Effect, and Gender.

Summum states that its teachings are the same as the teachings of Gnostic Christianity and maintains that knowledge does not come from things such as the intellect or obedience or faith, but from revelatory experience.cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
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date =
year = 2007
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/philosophy/gnosticism.shtml
title = The Teachings of Summum are the Teachings of Gnostic Christianity
format =
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2007-05-11
accessyear =
] Summum teaches the "Systematic Law of Learning" which explains that knowledge is attained through questioning and experience. [cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year = 2007
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/philosophy/learning.shtml
title = The Systematic Law of Learning
format =
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2007-05-11
accessyear =
] According to Summum, devotion and spiritual practice leads to revelatory experience, and that was the basis of the authentic teachings of Jesus.

Etymology and philosophical meaning

The word "summum" is Latin and is the neuter form of "summus" which means "highest." ["summum bonum." The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language Fourth Edition 2000. Dictionary.com. 26 May 2006. .]

In the context of the Summum philosophy, "summum" means "the sum total of all creation." cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
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date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/about/
title = About Summum
format =
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =
] Summum appears to distinguish between "Summum" and "SUMMUM" in that "Summum" is the name of an organization and philosophy while "SUMMUM" is a name given to the totality of existence.

Meditation

Practice of the religion involves meditation upon the aspect of creation that is within one's self. Summum believes that within all created things is an essence which is the spirit of the creator. The more one directs their attention to this indwelling spirit, the more one realizes its existence and moves along the lines of spiritual progression, developing "spiritual Psychokinesis." It appears that there is no recognized deity per se in the philosophy, but rather that we are all part of the mind of the universe and that the universe collectively constitutes something great and worthy of study and meditation.

Nectar Publications

Summum produces "Nectar Publications" which are nectars containing alcohol and used in the meditation practices that Summum teaches. The nectars are made inside the Summum Pyramid and according to Summum are imbued with resonations that contain spiritual concepts. Summum has made a number of different types of nectars, each containing its own "message." A small amount of nectar is consumed prior to meditation, and the alcohol is said to carry the resonations across the blood-brain barrier where they are released in the brain. Perception of the nectars' effects is said to depend upon the awareness of the person using them. cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
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url = http://www.summum.us/nectars/publications.shtml
title = The Summum Nectar Publications
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-28
accessyear =
]

Governmental authorities consider the nectars to be wine and required that Summum obtain a winery license in order to make them. Apparently, the government will not allow Summum to make the nectars in the manner Summum believes they should be made. Summum is Utah's first federally bonded winery. [ cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
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url = http://www.summum.us/pyramid/sanctuary.shtml
title = The Summum Sanctuary
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-28
accessyear =
]

Mummification

Summum practices "Modern Mummification" and "Transference" as a means to guide one's essence to a greater destination following the death of the body. [ cite web
last =
first =
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coauthors =
date =
year =
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url = http://www.summum.us/mummification/philosophy.shtml
title = Mummification, A Philosophical Examination
format =
work =
pages =
publisher =
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =
] Summum is a 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation sole that was granted a religious exemption from the IRS for its mummification service. The service is available to anyone for spiritual reasons and is also offered for pets. Summum does request and accept donations, thereby making it probable that these mummification services are a major source of financial support. [ cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
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url = http://www.summum.org
title = Modern Mummification by Summum
format =
work =
pages =
publisher =
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =
] The process has been featured in programs produced by National Geographic and the British Broadcasting Corporation. [ Cite video
people = Chan, Wah Ho (Cinematographer)
year = 1996
title = Pet Wraps
medium = TV
location = USA
publisher = National Geographic Television
] [ Cite video
people = Frayling, Christopher (Writer/Narrator/Presenter)
year = 1992
title = [http://amazon.imdb.com/title/tt0262957/ The Face of Tutankhamun]
medium = TV-Series
location = England/USA
publisher = British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
]

Participants

According to its founder, over 250,000 people worldwide have "received" Summum instruction. As the organization does not keep formal membership records, this figure is based on the number of bottles of wine it has distributed. cite news
first =
last =
coauthors =
title = Religion sues Utah town to display '7 Aphorisms'
work =
pages =
language =
date= 2005-08-05
publisher = The Associated Press
url= http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/%5Cnews.aspx?id=15635
accessdate = 2007-09-15
]

ummum and the Ten Commandments

Summum contends that the principles and nature of creation are continuously re-introduced to humankind by evolved beings. The group holds that in one such case, Moses in the Old Testament was given both a "lower" and "higher" knowledge from a divine being. The lower knowledge was embodied in the more widely known Ten Commandments, while the higher was expressed in what Summum refers to as the "Seven Aphorisms." According to Summum, when Moses first descended from Mount Sinai, he had with him the higher law inscribed on stone tablets. However, the undeveloped condition of the Israelites prevented them from understanding. Moses returned to Mount Sinai and returned with another set of tablets containing the lower law that was much easier for the people to comprehend. The higher law was only shared with a few capable of understanding its meaning. [ cite web
last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | date = | year = | month = | url = http://www.summum.us/philosophy/tencommandments.shtml | title = The Aphorisms of Summum and the Ten Commandments | format = HTML | work = | pages = | publisher = Summum | accessdate = 2006-05-22 | accessyear =
] This appears to coincide with one of Summum's precepts that states, "The voice of wisdom is silent, except to the OPEN MIND," and in this aspect, Summum resembles an esoteric religious movement.

Freedom of speech

Summum followers have gained a certain small notoriety of late in that they have proposed that their [http://www.summum.us/philosophy/tencommandments.shtml Seven Aphorisms] be placed in public places alongside the Ten Commandments, specifically in several locations in Utah. [ cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/about/freespeech.shtml
title = Freedom of Speech
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =
] Christians and town fathers have objected on the basis that the Ten Commandments are of great historic significance to the United States, and as such are not solely a religious statement, whereas the seven aphorisms are a modern philosophy with no significant historical bearing on the country. Nevertheless, Summum has prevailed in litigation where the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that Summum was denied its right to free speech and governments had engaged in discrimination. [Summum v. Callaghan. Case No. 96-4191. 10th Circuit Court of Appeals. 29 November 1997. Kansas Judicial Center. 25 May 2006. . ] [Summum v. City of Ogden. Case No. 01-4022. 10th Circuit Court of Appeals. 19 July 2002. Kansas Judicial Center. 25 May 2006. . ] The governments, however, elected to remove their Ten Commandments monument rather than allow Summum to erect its Seven Aphorisms monument. However, Pleasant Grove, Utah, was successful in getting the United States Supreme Court to hear the case. Their argument is that the acceptance of a monument is not an instance of a public forum where speakers may not be discriminated against, but rather a form of government speech that does not require neutral viewpoints. cite news
first =
last =
coauthors =
title = With the Commandments, Must City Make Room?
work =
pages =
language =
date= 2008-04-01
publisher = The Washington Post
url= http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/31/AR2008033102332.html?hpid=topnews
accessdate = 2008-04-30
]

Summum and the golden ratio

Summum has incorporated the golden ratio into the design of their Summum Pyramid winery in Utah, and maintains that because it is the human mind that interprets the characteristics and qualities of the golden ratio, it should be considered in its relation to the human psyche. According to Summum, our mental states dictate our sense of harmony and disharmony, and the resulting experiences become part of our memories that then hold us captive. [ cite book
last = Ra | first = Summum Bonum Amen | authorlink = | coauthors = | editor = | others = | title = SUMMUM: Sealed Except to the Open Mind | origdate = | origyear = 1975 | origmonth = | url = http://www.summum.us/philosophy/ebook/ebook.htm | format = HTML | accessdate = 2006-05-30 | accessyear = | accessmonth = | edition = | date = | year = 2004 | month = | publisher = Summum | location = Salt Lake City | language = | id = | doi = | pages = | chapter = Chapter 4 | chapterurl = | quote =
]

ee also

* SUMMUM
* Summum Pyramid

References

pecific references

General references


* cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/about/
title = About Summum
format =
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =

* cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/philosophy/tencommandments.shtml
title = The Aphorisms of Summum and the Ten Commandments
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-22
accessyear =

* cite news
last = Henetz
first = Patty
coauthors =
title = Utah-based church melds wine, sexuality, meditation
work =
pages =
language =
publisher = Associated Press
date = 2002-04-22
url = http://www.lubbockonline.com/stories/042702/rel_0427020109.shtml
accessdate = 2007-09-15

* Cite video
people = Chan, Wah Ho (Cinematographer)
year = 1996
title = Pet Wraps
medium = TV
location = USA
publisher = National Geographic Television

* Cite video
people = Frayling, Christopher (Writer/Narrator/Presenter)
year = 1992
title = [http://amazon.imdb.com/title/tt0262957/ The Face of Tutankhamun]
medium = TV-Series
location = England/USA
publisher = British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)

* cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/about/freespeech.shtml
title = Freedom of Speech
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =

* cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.org
title = Modern Mummification by Summum
format =
work =
pages =
publisher =
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =

* cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/mummification/philosophy.shtml
title = Mummification, A Philosophical Examination
format =
work =
pages =
publisher =
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =

* cite web
last = Ra
first = Amen
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/about/firstencounter.shtml
title = The First Encounter
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =

* cite book
last = Ra
first = Summum Bonum Amen
authorlink =
coauthors =
editor =
others =
title = SUMMUM: Sealed Except to the Open Mind
origdate =
origyear = 1975
origmonth =
url = http://www.summum.us/philosophy/ebook/ebook.htm
format = HTML
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =
accessmonth =
edition =
date =
year = 2004
month =
publisher = Summum
location = Salt Lake City
language =
id =
doi =
pages =
chapter =
chapterurl =
quote =

* cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year = 2002-2006
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/philosophy/kybalion.shtml
title = Summum and "The Kybalion"
format =
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =

* "summum bonum." The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language Fourth Edition 2000. Dictionary.com. 26 May 2006. .
* cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/nectars/publications.shtml
title = The Summum Nectar Publications
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-28
accessyear =

* cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/pyramid/sanctuary.shtml
title = The Summum Sanctuary
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-28
accessyear =

* cite news
first =
last =
coauthors =
title = Religion sues Utah town to display '7 Aphorisms'
work =
pages =
language =
date= 2005-08-05
publisher = The Associated Press
url= http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/%5Cnews.aspx?id=15635
accessdate = 2007-09-15

* Summum v. Callaghan. Case No. 96-4191. 10th Circuit Court of Appeals. 29 November 1997. Kansas Judicial Center. 25 May 2006. .
* Summum v. City of Ogden. Case No. 01-4022. 10th Circuit Court of Appeals. 19 July 2002. Kansas Judicial Center. 25 May 2006. .
* cite book
last = Three Initiates
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
editor =
others =
title = The Kybalion
origdate =
origyear = 1912
origmonth =
url = http://www.kybalion.org/kybalion.asp
format = HTML
accessdate = 2006-05-10
accessyear =
accessmonth =
edition =
date =
year = 1940
month =
publisher = The Yogi Publication Society
location = Chicago
language =
id =
doi =
pages =
chapter =
chapterurl =
quote =

* cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year =
month =
url = http://www.summum.us/about/welcome.shtml
title = Welcome to Summum
format = HTML
work =
pages =
publisher = Summum
accessdate = 2006-05-26
accessyear =

External links

* [http://www.summum.us The organization and philosophy of Summum]
* [http://www.summum.org Mummification services and information]
* [http://kids.summum.us Summum content geared for kids]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • SUMMUM — is the name given to the totality of existence by the Summum philosophy and represents the source from which all things emanate. Whether things be seen or unseen, objective or subjective, tangible or intangible, finite or infinite, inside or… …   Wikipedia

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  • Summum — (lat), das höchste; S. bonum, das höchste Gut, s.u. Gut 1). Summum jus summa injuria, das höchste (strengste) Recht ist (oft) das höchste Unrecht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • súmmum — (Del lat. summum). m. El colmo, lo sumo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • súmmum — (Del lat. summum.) ► sustantivo masculino Grado máximo o límite al que puede llegar una persona o cosa: ■ su actitud me parece el súmmum de la hipocresía. SINÓNIMO colmo * * * súmmum 1 (gralm. inf. o hiperb.) m. Nombre latino que se aplica a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • summum — (so mmom ) s. m. Mot latin dont on se sert pour exprimer le plus haut point, le plus haut degré. •   Tous les sels dont les acides ou les oxydes ne sont point au summum d oxygénation, sont susceptibles, théoriquement parlant, d absorber de l… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré


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