- United States Post Office Department
Infobox Government agency
agency_name = United States Post Office Department
seal_width = 180px
formed = February 20, 1792
dissolved = July 1, 1971
United States Postal Service
United States Postmaster General
The Post Office Department is the former name of the
United States Postal Servicewhen it was a Cabinet department. It was headed by the United States Postmaster General.
Postal Service Actsigned by President George Washingtonon February 20, 1792 established the Department. Postmaster General John McLeanwas the first to call it the Post Office "Department" rather than just the "Post Office." The organization received a boost in prestige when President Andrew Jacksoninvited his Postmaster General, William T. Barry, to sit as a member of the Cabinet. [http://www.usps.com/cpim/ftp/pubs/pub100/pub100.htm]
Postal Reorganization Actsigned by President Richard Nixonon August 12, 1970, replaced the cabinet-level Post Office Department with the independent United States Postal Service. The Act took effect on July 1, 1971.
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