- Rowell-Sirois Commission
The Rowell-Sirois Commission officially known as the Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial Relations was a Canadian
Royal Commissionlooking into the Canadian economy and federal-provincial relations. It was called in 1937and reported in 1940.
The Commission was chaired first by
Newton Wesley Rowelland then by Joseph Sirois. It was called as a result of the Great Depression. The attempts to manage the Depression by the government illustrated grave flaws with the Canadian constitution. While the federal government had most of the revenue gathering powers, the provinces had unexpectedly greater expenditure responsibilities. The founders had given the provinces responsibility for health care, education, and welfare when these were only minor concerns; by 1937, however, these had all become massive expenditure areas.
The Commission recommended that the federal government take over control of
unemployment insuranceand pensions. It also recommended the creation of equalization paymentsand large transfers of money from the federal government to the province each year. Other recommendations were not adopted due to resistance from the provinces or the federal government.
* [http://www.collectionscanada.ca/indexcommissions/index-e.html Index to Federal Royal Commissions]
* [http://www2.marianopolis.edu/quebechistory/federal/rowell.htm The Rowell-Sirois Report and Canadian Federalism during the Great Depression (1929-1939)]
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