Osogbo


Osogbo
Osogbo
—  LGA and city  —
Osogbo is located in Nigeria
Osogbo
Coordinates: 7°46′N 4°34′E / 7.767°N 4.567°E / 7.767; 4.567
Country  Nigeria
State Osun State
AreaLGA area
 - Total 47 km2 (18.1 sq mi)
Population (2006 Census (LGA))
 - Total 156,694
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
3-digit postal code prefix 230
ISO 3166 code NG.OS.OS

Osogbo (also Oṣogbo , rarely Oshogbo) is a city in Nigeria, the capital of Osun State and a Local Government Area.

The Local Government Area has an area of 47 km² and a population of 156,694 at the 2006 census; the postal code of the area is 230.[1]

Contents

Infrastructure and demographics

Osogbo lies on the railway line from Lagos to Kano. It is known for the Oshogbo School of Art and the Oja Oba Market building, said to be the former Oba's palace, within yards of the Osogbo Grand Mosque.

Osogbo is the trade center for a farming region. Yams, cassava, grain, and tobacco are grown. Cotton is grown and used to weave cloth. It is also home to several hotels and a football stadium with a capacity of 10,000 and a second division professional league team.

Most of the population are members of the Yoruba ethnic group. In 1988, about 27% of the population were engaged in farming as their primary occupation, 8% were traders and about 30% clerks and teachers.

Culture

One of some 40 shrines to Ọṣun (the Yoruba love goddess) in the Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove.

Osogbo, sometimes called "Ilu Aro" (home of dyeing), is a major dyeing center. The traditional industry is one of the major industries of Osogbo. A number of industries also began to rise after independence, notably small scale establishments involved in textile, foam making, and pencils. Osogbo was made a major industrial development center by the government of Nigeria during the 1970s. Osogbo is also the childhood home ofdramatist Duro Ladipo and the Muslim scholar Sheikh Adelabu.

Osogbo is the venue of the annual Osun-Osogbo festival along the River Osun. The festival is centered around the sacred grove of the river goddess Ọsun,[2] which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site,[3]

History

According to tradition, Osogbo was founded in the early 18th century by Yoruba hunters from a nearby village which was suffering from famine. One of the hunters, Larooye, became the first Ataoja assuming the royal title of the town's kingship.

Yoruba tradition claims many people fleeing the Fulani Advancement settled at Osogbo following the fall of old Oyo. As a result Osogbo increased in population largely due to migration from other Yoruba towns. [4]

For want of more open place than grove and a more central location, Larooye and his people abandoned their settlement, including the already flourishing market and moved to Ode-Osogbo. At Ode-Osogbo, Larooye built his new palace at the present day Idi-Osun while Timehin built the ogun shrine now known as Idi-Ogun.[citation needed] Since then, Osogbo has maintained its function as an economic center.

List of Ataojas (traditional kings)

The Ataoja of Osogbo is the traditional tribal king, addressed by the title of Oba. The following is a list of Ataojas of Osogbo, with the dates of their rule:

  • Oba Larooye Gbadewolu d. 1760
  • Oba Sogbodede d. 1780
  • Aina Serebu 1780-1810
  • Abogbe (as Regent, she reigned but did not assume the title Ataoja) 1810-1812
  • Obodegbewale (as Regent) 1812-1815
  • Oba Lahanmi Oyipi 1815-1840
  • Oba Ojo Adio Okege 1840-1854
  • Oba Oladejobi Oladele Matanmi I 1854-1864
  • Oba Fabode.Durosinmi Ogunnike 1864-1891
  • Oba Bamigbola Alao 1891-1893
  • Oba Ajayi Olosunde Oyetona 1893-1903
  • Oba Atanda Olukeye Olugbeja Matanmi II 1903-1917
  • Oba Kofoworola Ajadi Latona I 1918-1920
  • Oba Alabi Kolawole 1920-1933
  • Oba Samuel Oyedokun Latona II 1933-1943
  • Oba Samuel Adeleye Adenle I 1944-1975
  • Oba Iyiola Oyewale Matanmi III (born 1935) 1976-2010[5])

References

  1. ^ "Post Offices- with map of LGA". NIPOST. http://www.nipost.gov.ng/PostCode.aspx. Retrieved 2009-10-20. 
  2. ^ Joseph M. Murphy; Mei Mei Sanford. Reviewed Work(s): Osun across the Waters: A Yoruba Goddess in Africa and the Americas. The International Journal of African Historical Studies > Vol. 34, No. 3 (2001)
  3. ^ Peter Probst. Osogbo and the Art of Heritage. Monuments. Deities, and Money. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2011
  4. ^ Tunde Agbola. Osogbo: Cities, Volume 9, Issue 4, November 1992.
  5. ^ also known as Aransi, named after Ar-Razi, according to Sheikh Adelabu of Awqaf Africa London to Nigerian Muslim Associations' written request about the meaning of the Muslim name of Osogbo reigning traditional ruler Oba Aransi Iyiola Oyewale Matanmi. See esinislam.com. Nigerian Tribune, Ataoja of Osogbo, Oba Oyewale Matanmi, joins ancestors

External links

Coordinates: 7°46′N 4°34′E / 7.767°N 4.567°E / 7.767; 4.567


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Osogbo — Administration Pays   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Osogbo — Original name in latin Osogbo Name in other language Eshogbo, Oshogbo, Osogbo State code NG Continent/City Africa/Lagos longitude 7.76667 latitude 4.56667 altitude 318 Population 156694 Date 2013 08 05 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bosque sagrado de Osun-Osogbo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bosque sagrado de Osun Osogbo1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Osun-Osogbo — Sacred Grove * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country Nigeria …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Osogbo — Infobox Diocese| jurisdiction=Diocese name=Osogbo latin=Dioecesis Osogboanus country=Nigeria metropolitan=Ibadan rite=Latin Rite area=8,062 population=1,500,000 population as of=2004 catholics=40,000 catholics percent=2.7 bishop=Gabriel ’Leke… …   Wikipedia

  • Bistum Osogbo — Basisdaten Staat Nigeria Metropolitanbistum Erzbistum Ibadan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste Des Évêques D'Osogbo — (Dioecesis Osogboanus) L évêché nigérian d Osogbo est créé le 3 mars 1995 par détachement de celui d Oyo. Sont évêques depuis le 3 mars 1995: Gabriel Abegunrin (Gabriel Leke Abegunrin) Sources L ANNUAIRE PONTIFICAL, sur le site… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des eveques d'Osogbo — Liste des évêques d Osogbo Liste des évêques d Osogbo (Dioecesis Osogboanus) L évêché nigérian d Osogbo est créé le 3 mars 1995 par détachement de celui d Oyo. Sont évêques depuis le 3 mars 1995: Gabriel Abegunrin (Gabriel Leke Abegunrin) Sources …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des évêques d'osogbo — (Dioecesis Osogboanus) L évêché nigérian d Osogbo est créé le 3 mars 1995 par détachement de celui d Oyo. Sont évêques depuis le 3 mars 1995: Gabriel Abegunrin (Gabriel Leke Abegunrin) Sources L ANNUAIRE PONTIFICAL, sur le site… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des évêques d'Osogbo — (Dioecesis Osogboanus) L évêché nigérian d Osogbo est créé le 3 mars 1995 par détachement de celui d Oyo. Sont évêques depuis le 3 mars 1995: Gabriel Abegunrin (Gabriel Leke Abegunrin) Sources L ANNUAIRE PONTIFICAL, sur le site… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.