- Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary
Infobox_protected_area | name = Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary & Project Tiger Reserve
iucn_category = II
caption = Map of
locator_x = 74
locator_y = 262
Chikmagalur Districtand Shimoga district, India
area = 492.46 km²
established = 1974
governing_body = Government of Karnataka
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary is 38 km. northwest of
Chikmagalurtown in Karnatakastate. The sanctuary is surrounded by Mullaianagiri, Hebbegiri, Gangegiri and Babaudangiri hills and has the tributaries of the Bhadra riverflowing through it. The western border of the sanctuary abuts the back waters of the Bhadra Reservoirwhich has a catchment area of 1,968 km², surrounded by scenic hills and steep slopes.
The area was first declared as Jagara Vally Wildlife sanctuary in 1951 by the then government of Mysore covering an area of 77.45 km². After a systematic survey of the flora and the fauna of the area and its surroundings, the area was extended to its present extent in 1974.
Flora and Fauna
A diverse range of wildlife is found in the sanctuary like bison (
Gaur), Elephants, Tiger, Leopard, Sambar, Chitalspotted deer, Boar, Porcupine, Muntjac, birds like the Peacock, Parrot, Partridge, Pigeon, Muniaand Bee eaters, and reptiles such as King Cobras and Indian Rock Pythons.
Nature enthusiasts can avail safari facilities at "River Tern Lodge", a Jungle Lodge and Resort undertaking of the state government. Not to be missed apart from the jungle safaris is a boat ride to the several small islands that dot the reservoir. These islands are breeding grounds of the River Tern, a sleek white bird with a yellow beak. Literally thousands of these birds nest on the islands during monsoon season (June - August). Eventually their eggs hatch and the nestlings fly away just before the rising waters of the reservoir inundates the islands. Common trees of the forest are Teak, Rosewood, Mathi, Honne, Nandi, Kindal etc.CENSUS FIGURES FOR BHADRA 1993 1997-----------------------------------------------Tiger 25 33Leopard 11 21Elephant 161 203 Gaur 139 186 Chital 780 Sambar 518 Bonnet Macacque 248 Wildboar 470 Muntjac 749 -----------------------------------------------
*Growing human population in the 26 villages that are close to the sanctuary and encroachment.
*Livestock population and grazing by the thousands of cattle that belong to the villagers.
*Diseases. Livestock carry diseases like foot and mouth disease to the herbivours in the park. During the 1989-99 time period,
rinderpestwiped out most of the Gaurpopulation, which numbered more than a thousand, reducing the population to its present numbers. With proactive programs of inoculating local cattle, the population of Gaur is again on the rise.
*Tunga-Bhadra Lift Irrigation Project. This project promises to bring water to the rainshadow areas of
Chikmagalur districtby transferring water from Tungariver to Bhadra River, but poses a threat of disturbance to the natural habitat.
References / Links
* [http://projecttiger.nic.in/bhadra.htm Reserve Guide - Bhadra Tiger Reserve] Official web page of Bhadra Tiger Reserve by Project Tiger Reserve in India - Government of India
* [http://www.indianaturewatch.net/displayimage.php?id=5357 A captivating image of 2 tigers staring an adult Gaur in Bhadra Tiger Reserve]
* [http://westernghats.blogspot.com/2006/03/wildlifing-in-indias-youngest-tiger.html 'Wildlifing in Bhadra'] Article on Bhadra Tiger Reserve, published in Sunday Herald (Deccan Herald), Bangalore,
July 1, 2001.
* [http://www.wpsi-india.org/tiger/bhadra.php Fact sheet of Bhadra Tiger Reserve] by Wildlife Protection Society of India (WPSI).
* [http://www.deccanherald.com/deccanherald/oct03/spt1.asp 'End of conflict'] A story on the once man-animal conflict in Bhadra Sanctuary.
* [http://www.indianaturewatch.net/view_cat.php?tag=Bhadra%20Tiger%20Reserve Excellent images from Bhadra Tiger Reserve]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary — wildlife sanctuary IUCN Category IV (Habitat/Species Management Area) … Wikipedia
Wildlife of Karnataka — The state of Karnataka located in South India has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. It has a recorded forest area of 38720 km² which constitutes 20.19% of the total geographical area of the state. Statistics related to forests in Karnataka is… … Wikipedia
Bhadra River — Infobox River | river name = Bhadra River caption = Bhadra River near Bhadravathi origin = Chikmagalur district, Karnataka mouth = basin countries = India length = elevation = discharge = watershed = The Bhadra River (Kannada:ಭದ್ರಾ ನದಿ) is a… … Wikipedia
Wildlife Sanctuaries de l'Inde — Les Wildlife Sanctuaries (littéralement de l anglais : sanctuaires de vies sauvages) sont, en Inde des zones protégées reconnues de catégorie IV par la Commission mondiale des aires protégées. L Inde a classé plus de 500 zones, parmi… … Wikipédia en Français
Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary — is wildlife sactuary situated on the northern boundary of Mandsaur and Nimach districts in Madhya Pradesh, India. It is spread over an area of 368.62 km squire adjoining Rajasthan state in India. It was notified in 1974 and more area was added in … Wikipedia
Baba Budangiri — taluk … Wikipedia
Shivamogga district — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = Shivamogga district skyline = Jogmonsoon.jpg skyline caption = Jog Falls in full flow during the monsoon season. type = district district district image desc = Taluk level map of Shivamogga latd=14.00… … Wikipedia
Mullayanagiri — Peak Elevation 1,930 m (6,332 ft) … Wikipedia
Penner River — This article is about the river in India. For other uses, see Penner (disambiguation). Penner ಪೆನ್ನಾರ್ పెన్నా (Pennar) Penna, Penneru … Wikipedia
Netravati River — The Netravati railway bridge serves as the gateway to Mangalore … Wikipedia