- Washington County, Oregon
Infobox U.S. County
county = Washington County
state = Oregon
map size = 250
September 3, 1849
seat = Hillsboro | area_total_sq_mi =726
area percentage = 0.36%
census yr = 2000
pop = 445342
web = www.co.washington.or.us
Washington County is one of 36 counties in the
U.S. stateof Oregon. Originally named Twality in 1843, the territorial legislature renamed it for the first president of the United States, George Washington, in 1849. In 2000 census, its population was 445,342. The seat and largest city is Hillsboro.
The county is governed by an elected board of five commissioners. The county is divided into four commissioner districts. One commissioner sits for each district, and the fifth commissioner is "at large" and is the Chair of the board. [ [http://www.co.washington.or.us/cgi/home/washco.pl Official County web site] ]
Washington County is centered on a fertile plain that attracted farmers before the first
wagon trains. In 1997, orchards covered 8,403 acres (34 km²) of the county's lands and 1,163 acres (4.7 km²) were devoted to vineyards. Agriculture is still a major industry in Washington County, as are lumber, manufacturing, and food processing. (The county is home to Roloff Farms, featured in the TV show " Little People, Big World".)
The development of a large electronics industry during the 1980s and 1990s is the dominating factor of the county economy.
California-based Intel, Oregon's largest private employer, has here its largest concentration of employees.
Nike, the only
Fortune 500corporation based in Oregon, has its headquarters in Washington County. Until it was acquired by IBM, Sequent Computer Systemswas headquartered right next door to Nike. The facility is now host to a number of software groups for IBM, including one of its LinuxTechnology Centers.
Other companies with headquarters in Washington County include
Leupold & Stevens, an optical instruments manufacturer, and Reser's Fine Foods.
Located approximately convert|20|mi|km to the west of Portland, the county has a total area of 726 square miles (1,881
km²), of which, 724 square miles (1,874 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (7 km²) of it (0.36%) is water. The county's highest point is South Saddle Mountainat 3,464 feet (1,056 m) above sea levelin the Northern Oregon Coast Range. [ [http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=1076 Peakbagger.com: South Saddle Mountain, Oregon] ]
The Portland Metro
Urban Growth Boundary(UGB) bisects the county.
Washington County is one of five Oregon counties making up the Greater Portland metropolitan area. The other four are:
Multnomah County, Oregon- (east)
Clackamas County, Oregon- (southeast)
Columbia County, Oregon- (north)
Yamhill County, Oregon- (south)
Adjacent rural counties:
Tillamook County, Oregon- (west)
Clatsop County, Oregon- (northwest)
*U.S. Route 26
Oregon Route 6
Oregon Route 8
Oregon Route 10
Oregon Route 47
Oregon Route 99W
Oregon Route 210
Oregon Route 217
Oregon Route 219
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 445,342 people, 169,162 households, and 114,015 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 615 people per square mile (238/km²). There were 178,913 housing units at an average density of 247 per square mile (95/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.19% White, 1.15% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 6.68% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 5.86% from other races, and 3.17% from two or more races. 11.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.2% were of German, 9.9% English, 8.2% Irish and 6.7% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 81.7% spoke English, 9.6% Spanish and 1.2% Vietnamese as their first language.
There were 169,162 households out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 34.10% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 8.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $52,122, and the median income for a family was $61,499. Males had a median income of $43,304 versus $31,074 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $24,969. About 4.90% of families and 7.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.30% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over.
Provisional Legislature of Oregoncreated the county as Twality District on July 5 1843. [http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/county/cpwashingtonhome.html Oregon State Archives: Washington County History] ] Twality was one of the original four districts of the Provisional Government of Oregonin Oregon Countryalong with Clackamas, Champooick (later Marion), and Yamhill counties. Columbia, later known as Hillsboro, was selected as the county seat in 1850. Washington County obtained its present boundaries in 1854 with the creation of Columbia County to the north and Multnomah County to the east.
In November 2004, the County and the city of Beaverton agreed to a plan where the city would annex both unincorporated residential neighborhoods as well as high-value areas of land. This would result with Cedar Hills, Garden Home, Raleigh Hills, West Slope being incorporated by 2010, and the communities of Aloha, Bethany, and Cedar Mill at some point after that.
= Unincorporated communities and CDPs =
Washington County Museum
L.L. "Stub" Stewart Memorial State Park
MAX Blue Line
Westside Express Service
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
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