Marcin Knackfus

Marcin Knackfus
Vilnius University Observatory, one of the best examples of early Neoclassicism in Lithuania

Marcin Knackfus (Lithuanian: Martynas Knakfusas, ca. 1742 – ca. 1821) was a Polish–Lithuanian Neoclassical architect of German descent. Born near Warsaw, he worked in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and particularly in its capital Vilnius. He was a tutor of Laurynas Gucevičius.[1]

Knackfus was influenced by other Polish–German architects of late Baroque (Ephraim Schröger and Szymon Bogumił Zug) and early Neoclassicism (Domenico Merlini and Johann Christian Kammsetzer).[2] He moved to Vilnius around 1768. Knackfus served as captain of the Army of Grand Duchy of Lithuania and lectured at military engineering school.[3] Between 1773 and 1777 he taught courses in theory and practical application of architecture at Vilnius University.[4] He participated in the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising. Fearing persecutions of the Tsarist authorities, he retreated to Suvalkija and largely retired.[5]

His works include Verkiai Palace (1769–1781),[6] Palace of de Reuss in front of the Daukantas Square (1775),[7] expansion of astronomical observatory of Vilnius University (1782–1788),[8] late Baroque churches of Troškūnai (1774–1787) and Kurtuvėnai (1783–1792),[9] Vilnius Botanical Garden (1784),[3] altar for All Saints Church, Vilnius (1787),[9] St. Bartholomew Church in Užupis (1788),[10] supervision of the construction of the Green Bridge (1789),[11] church in Trakai (1789–1790),[9] Tyzenhaus Palace (around 1790), archives of the Lithuanian Tribunal (1790),[12] residential palace (presently used by Vilnius Conservatory of Juozas Tallat-Kelpša; 1790),[13] manor and park in Paežeriai, Vilkaviškis district (1794),[5] parish school in Troškūnai (1796),[5] Basanavičius street in Vilnius (1798).[14]

Knackfus worked with numerous nobles, including Bishops Ignacy Jakub Massalski and Ignacy Krasicki, Field Hetman Ludwik Tyszkiewicz, voivode Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł, Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, Grand Marshal Stanisław Lubomirski.[15]

References

Notes
  1. ^ Čerbulėnas (1994), p. 295
  2. ^ Čerbulėnas (1994), pp. 275–276
  3. ^ a b Čerbulėnas (1986), p. 346
  4. ^ Čerbulėnas (1994), p. 273
  5. ^ a b c Čerbulėnas (1994), p. 279
  6. ^ Drėma (1991), p. 383
  7. ^ Drėma (1991), p. 324
  8. ^ Klimka (2003), p. 651
  9. ^ a b c Čerbulėnas (1994), p. 276
  10. ^ Drėma (1991), p. 358
  11. ^ Drėma (1991), p. 376
  12. ^ Drėma (1991), p. 120
  13. ^ Drėma (1991), p. 171
  14. ^ Čerbulėnas (1994), p. 208
  15. ^ Čerbulėnas (1994), p. 487
Bibliography
  • Čerbulėnas, Klemensas (1986). "Knakfusas, Martynas". In Jonas Zinkus, et al.. Tarybų Lietuvos enciklopedija. 2. Vilnius: Vyriausioji enciklopedijų redakcija. LCC 86232954.  (Lithuanian)
  • Čerbulėnas, Klemensas (1994). Lietuvos architektūros istorija: Nuo XVII a. pradžios iki XIX a. vidurio. II. Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidykla. ISBN 5-420-00583-3.  (Lithuanian)
  • Drėma, Vladas (1991). Dingęs Vilnius. Vilnius: Vaga. ISBN 5-415-00366-5.  (Lithuanian)
  • Klimka, Libertas (2003). "Overview of the History of Vilnius University Observatory". Baltic Astronomy 12 (4). Bibcode 2003BaltA..12..649K. ISSN 1392-0049. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marcin Knackfus — Observatoire de style néo classique de l’université de Vilnius (Lithuanie) Marcin Knackfus (1740 1821) était un architecte polonais connu notamment pour ses nombreux bâtiments de style néoclassique dans la ville de Vilnius en Lituanie, dont l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marcin Odlanicki Poczobutt — wearing the Order of the White Eagle Marcin Odlanicki Poczobutt (Lithuanian: Martynas Počobutas; 30 October 1728 near Hrodna – 7 February 1810 in Daugavpils) was a Polish–Lithuanian Jesuit astronomer and mathematician. He was professor of …   Wikipedia

  • Laurynas Gucevičius — Portait moderne Nom de naissance Laurynas Masiulis Naissance avant le 5 août 1753 Migo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Verkiai Palace — ( lt. Verkių rūmai) is an 18th century neoclassical mansion in Verkiai, Vilnius, Lithuania. History Until the end of 14th century this place was a property of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania. There was a wooden manor even in 13th century. In 1387… …   Wikipedia

  • Laurynas Gucevičius — ( pl. Wawrzyniec Gucewicz; 1753 1798) was an 18th century architect born in the federal part of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and most of his designs were built therepl icon cite web | author= | title=Gucewicz …   Wikipedia

  • Neoclassical architecture — The Cathedral of Vilnius Neoclassical architecture was an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid 18th century, manifested both in its details as a reaction against the Rococo style of naturalistic ornament …   Wikipedia

  • All Saints Church, Vilnius — All Saints Church All Saints Church is a Baroque style church in Vilnius, Lithuania. All Saints church was built between 1620 1630 and was adopted for Carmelites needs. In the second half of the 17th century, the church was linked with a… …   Wikipedia

  • Culture of Lithuania — The culture of Lithuania has been influenced by geography, historical events, and artistic movements. Various cultural changes occurred throughout Lithuania s transformation from a former country of the Soviet Union to an independent Baltic state …   Wikipedia

  • 1740 en architecture — Années de l architecture : 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 Décennies de l architecture : 1710 1720 1730 1740 1750 1760 1770 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1786 en architecture — Années de l architecture : 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 Décennies de l architecture : 1750 1760 1770 1780 1790 1800 1810 …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.