- Les XX
Les XX was a group of twenty Belgian painters, designers and sculptors, formed in
1883by the Brusselslawyer, publisher, and entrepreneur Octave Maus. For ten years these 'vingtistes', as they called themselves, held an annual exhibition of their art; each year twenty international artists were also invited to participate in the exhibition. Artists invited over the years included: Camille Pissarro(1887, 1889, 1891), Claude Monet(1886, 1889), Georges Seurat(1887, 1889, 1891, 1892), Paul Gauguin(1889, 1891), Paul Cézanne(1890), and Vincent van Gogh(1890, 1891).
Les XX was in some ways a successor to the group
L'Essor. The rejection of Ensor's 'The Oyster Eater' in 1883 by L'Essor Salon, following the earlier rejection by the Antwerp Salon, was one of the events that led to the formation of Les XX.
After the exhibition of 1892, the society of Les XX was transformed into "
La Libre Esthétique"
Eleven Founding Members
Théo van Rysselberghe1862-1926
Alfred William Finch
Frantz Charletb 1862
Darío de Regoyos(Spanish)
Willy Schlobachb 1864
Guillaume Van Strydonck1861–1937
Nine Invited Members
Jean Delvinb 1853
Périclès Pantazis(Greek) 1849-1884
Twelve Later Invited Members
Henry van de Velde
Henry De Groux
Robert Picardb 1870
Others Associated with Les XX
Henri Jacques Evenepoel1872-1899
William Degouve de Nuncques1867-1935
Charles van der Stappen1843-1910
Max Liebermann(German) 1847-1935
John Singer Sargent(American) 1856-1925
James McNeil Whistler(American) 1834-1903
William Merritt Chase(American) 1849-1916
William Stott(British) 1857-1900
Walter Crane(British) 1845-1915
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, Paul Verlaine, Stephane Mallarme
Cesar Franck, Vincent d'Indy, Gabriel Faure, Ernest Chausson, Eugene Ysaye (violinist)
Belgian exhibition society. It was founded on 28 October 1883 in Brussels and held annual shows there between 1884 and 1893. No president or governing committee. The group was formed by 11 artists dissatisfied with the conservative policies of the organization L’Essor and the official academic Salon. L'Essor ('Soaring') was set up also in opposition to the Salon, but with a strong bureaucratic element of twenty Essorians comprising a governing committee. Octave Maus (lawyer, journalist, art critic) acted as the secretary of Les XX, which was free of stifling regualtions. He was nicknamed Joyeux by the musician Alberic Magnard. The extent of governing was done by a rotating committee of three which organized the exhibitions. Painters played key roles in hanging their works. In addition to the twenty members, twenty international invitees would also exhibit.
Octave Maus, Edmond Picard and Emile Verhaeren (Belgian poet) were the driving force of the associated review, L'Art Moderne. (Created in 1881) There was a close tie between art and literature among the Les XX artists as is usually the case among Symbolist painters.
The ten "Annual Exhibitions" of Les XX, 1884-1893
The first of ten annual exhibitions was held on 2 February at the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels. Whistler sent Maus an illustration for the catalogue to this opening exhibition. One of the stipulations was that twenty artists, both Belgian and foreign, would be invited each year to exhibit with the founding members of Les XX. In the first year's show the foreign invitees included Auguste Rodin, John Singer Sargent, Max Liebermann, Whistler and William Merritt Chase. Claude Debussy, Ernest Chausson and Gabriel Fauré gave concerts, and lectures where given by Stéphane Mallarmé, Théodore de Wyzewa and Paul Verlaine.
Whistler exhibited four paintings: Symphony in White, No. 3, Nocturne: Blue and Silver - Chelsea, Harmony in Grey and Green: Miss Cicely Alexander and Arrangement in Brown and Black: Portrait of Miss Rosa Corder, and a number of his Venice etchings.
Pantazis died before the opening and shortly after Lambeaux and Verhaert resigned, disconcerted by the progressive spirit allied to the group.
Whistler exhibited Arrangement in Black: Portrait of Señor Pablo de Sarasate and in 1888 Arrangement in Black and Brown: The Fur Jacket, mistaken by Maus for a portrait of Lady A. Campbell. Whistler and Maus were in correspondence during this time. In his letters Maus reverently referred to Whistler as 'mon cher Maître'. He wrote to a friend in November 1886, 'As for Whistler, my dear friend, you know that I admire the artist, and that I am very fond of the man.' However, he objected to Whistler's admission to the Société des XX, on the grounds that 'he is a foreigner and lives abroad'
Monet and Renoir exhibit.
May: Verhaeren in Paris for publication for poems, Les Moines.
Pissarro Morisot and Seurat exhibit (Monet and Renoir??) Seurat and Signac present.
Conservative artists Lambeaux, Verhaert, Verstraete, Simons, Delvin and Vanaise had fled from Les XX, some under direct pressure from Maus and Picard.
Octave Maus' essay "Painting and the search for light" accompanies the catalogue.
Pissarro Morisot and Seurat (Monet and Renoir??) as well as new comers Caillebotte, Cross, Lautrec, Dubois-Pillet and Signac exhibit.1889
George Minne joins Les XX
Xavier Mellery (intimisme) showed seven drawings, "the inner life of things".
French posters and book illustrations by Walter Crane shown for first time. Finch's first attempts at ceramics. Three vases and a statue by invitee Paul Gauguin.
Jean Delville was the leader of the schism which broke out the year of the first Rose+Croix exhibition.
Maus proposed that Les XX should be dissolved. In the following year he founded
La Libre Esthétique, but World War I brought it to an end.
*Octave Maus: "L’Espagne des artistes" (Brussels, 1887).
*Octave Maus: "Souvenirs d’un Wagnériste: Le Théâtre de Bayreuth" (Brussels, 1888).
*Octave Maus: "Les Préludes: Impressions d’adolescence" (Brussels, 1921).
*Madeleine Octave-Maus: "Trente années"
*"Autour de 1900: L'Art Belge (1884-1918)". London: The Arts Council, 1965.
*Block, Janet. "Les XX and Belgian Avant-Gardism 1868-1894."Studies in Fine Arts: The Avant garde. Ann Arbor: UMI Research press, 1984.
*"Les XX, Bruxelles. Catalogue des dix expositions annuelles." Brussels: Centre international pour l'étude de XIXe siècle, 1981.
*Stevens, Mary Anne and Robert Hoozee, eds. "Impressionism to Symbolism: The Belgian Avant-Garde 1880-1900." exhib. cat. London: Royal Academy of Arts, London 7 July - 2 October 1994.
* [http://www.arto.be/CONTENT/NL/04_VERENIGINGEN/02_VERENIGINGEN.cfm?VER=94 Biografisch Lexicon: Plastisch Kunst in België]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Les — (l[e^]s), n. A leash. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Les UX — is an underground organization that tries to improve hidden corners of Paris. Their works have included building a cinema, complete with bar and restaurant, underneath the Seine, restoring medieval crypts, and staging plays and readings in… … Wikipedia
LES — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Les imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = Unisex meaning = region = origin = related names = Lester, Leslie, Lesley footnotes = The abbreviation LES can refer to: * L.E.S. (producer) * Lake effect snow *… … Wikipedia
Les XX — Die Société des Vingt, kurz Les XX oder Les Vingt, deutsch Die XX oder Die Zwanzig war eine 1883 oder 1884 (Januar) gegründete Vereinigung von belgischen oder in Belgien lebenden Künstlern, darunter Fernand Khnopff, Théo van Rysselberghe, James… … Deutsch Wikipedia
LES — Die Abkürzung LES steht für: die Rettungsrakete Launch Escape System (LES) des Apollo Raumschiffs, siehe: Apollo Rettungsrakete eine Sozialleistung: Leistungen zur Eingliederung von Selbständigen das olympische Länderkürzel für Lesotho im Bereich … Deutsch Wikipedia
LES — law enforcement sensitive; leave and earnings statement; Lincoln Laboratories Experimental Satellite … Military dictionary
LES — Pluriel des articles Le et La, ainsi que du pronom relatif de la troisième personne. Voyez LE … Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)
LES — v. tr. Faire tort. Je craindrais de vous léser. Il s’est considéré comme lésé dans ce partage. être lésé de plus de la moitié du juste prix. Je suis la seule partie lésée. Il n’y a personne de lésé dans cette affaire. Il signifie, en termes de… … Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)
Les Préludes (Liszt) — Les Préludes is the third of Franz Liszt s twelve Symphonic Poems. [ Von der Wiege bis zum Grabe , although as well a Symphonic Poem, was in the 1880s composed not as part of Liszt s former cycle, but as single piece. There is no No. 13 in the… … Wikipedia
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon — Artist Pablo Picasso Year 1907 Type Oil on canvas Dimensions 243.9 cm × 233.7 cm (96 in × 92 in) … Wikipedia