Helmsdale


Helmsdale

Coordinates: 58°07′N 3°40′W / 58.12°N 3.66°W / 58.12; -3.66

Helmsdale
Scottish Gaelic: Bun Ilidh
Scots: Helmsdal
Helmsdale 01.jpg
Helmsdale is located in Sutherland
Helmsdale

 Helmsdale shown within the Sutherland area
OS grid reference ND025155
Council area Highland
Lieutenancy area Sutherland
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HELMSDALE
Postcode district KW8
Dialling code 01431
Police Northern
Fire Highlands and Islands
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross
Scottish Parliament Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross
Highlands and Islands
List of places: UK • Scotland •

Helmsdale (Scots: Helmsdal,[1] Scottish Gaelic: Bun Ilidh)[2] is a village on the east coast of Sutherland, in the Highland council area of Scotland. The modern village was planned in 1814 to resettle communities that had been removed from the surrounding straths as part of the Highland Clearances.

Helmsdale is a fishing port at the estuary of the River Helmsdale, and was once the home of one of the largest herring fleets in Europe. The river itself is well known for its fishing. West Helmsdale lies across the river from the main village above the railway station; Old Helmsdale is immediately to the north while East Helmsdale is a settlement less than a mile to the east.

The village is on the A9 road, at a junction with the A897, and has a railway station on the Far North Line. Facilities include an independent youth hostel, a heritage centre, an art gallery, and an inn.

Contents

Toponymy

Helmsdale river, (Gaelic Ilidh), is noted by Ptolemy as Ila, which remains an obscure name. The Gaelic name for the village, Bun Ilidh, means Ilie-foot. Norse settlers called the strath Hjalmundal, meaning Dale of the Helmet, from which the modern village name Helmsdale is derived.

Culture and sports

Helmsdale is famous for its Highland Games which are always the 3rd Saturday in August. Best known is the evening Marquee Dance where the village population of 700 more than doubles thanks to visitors attending the dance.

It is home to Bunillidh Thistle F.C. and Helmsdale United.

History

Helmsdale Castle, the remains of which were demolished in 1970s in order to build the new A9 road bridge, was the location of the murder of the 11th Earl of Sutherland in 1567.[3] The previous bridge, which still stands, was designed by Thomas Telford[4]

The last force-fire in Helmsdale was about 1818.[clarification needed][citation needed]

Gold rush

Two tributaries of the river experienced a gold rush in 1869. The history of Kildonan's gold started in 1818, when a single nugget of gold was found near the Suisgill and Kildonan burns. Scotland ensured its place in the history books late in 1868, when a brief announcement in a local newspaper stated that gold had been discovered at Kildonan in the county of Sutherland. The credit for the discovery goes to Robert Nelson Gilchrist, a native of Kildonan, who had spent 17 years in the goldfields of Australia. On his return home, he was given the permission by the Duke of Sutherland to pan the gravels of the Helmsdale River and he prospected all the burns and tributaries.[5]

World War II

During World War II, the Royal Air Force built Loth Chain Home radar station at Crakaig a few miles South West of Helmsdale. There was also an RAF Chain Home Low radar station Navidale about a mile North East of Helmsdale. During the Cold War there was a Composite Signals Organisation radio monitoring station in Helmsdale itself, the CSO is associated with GCHQ.

New developments

The Highlands and Islands Council announced on 3 August 2008 plans to modernise and catalyse industry in Helmsdale and its surrounding areas, this included a £3.5 million re-vamp of the harbour and the development of two battery processing factories. Work on the harbour is set to begin in Spring 2009 while the battery plants are expected to open before May 2009. It is hoped up to 50 new jobs will be created.

References

  1. ^ Scots Language Centre: Scottish Place Names in Scots
  2. ^ Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland
  3. ^ Sutherland, Andrew. "A Brief History of Clan Sutherland". http://www.clansutherland.org/FrHistory.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  4. ^ Colvin, Howard (2008). "Burn, George". A biographical dictionary of British architects, 1600-1840. Yale University Press. pp. 182. ISBN 9780300125085. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=CSyaO-MqYoAC&pg=PA182&lpg=PA182&dq=helmsdale+bridge+builder. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  5. ^ Anon. "The Scottish Gold Rush March 1869". Official website for the village of Helmsdale. helmsdale.org. http://www.helmsdale.org/gold-rush.html. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Helmsdale —    HELMSDALE, a fishing village, in the parish of Loth, county of Sutherland; 17 miles (N. E.) from Golspie; containing 526 inhabitants. This village is situated on the north bank of the river Helmsdale, near its influx into the Moray Frith. It… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Helmsdale — Helmsdale, Fluß in der schottischen Grafschaft Sutherland, bildet die Seen Cuyn u. Baden u. mündet bei dem Schlosse H. in die Nordsee …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Helmsdale — 58° 07′ N 3° 40′ W / 58.12, 3.66 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Helmsdale — Sp Hèlmsdeilis Ap Helmsdale angliškai Ap Bun Ilidh geliškai (škotiškai) L slėnis ir g tė Jungtinėje Karalystėje (Škotijoje) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Helmsdale railway station — UK stations name = Helmsdale other name= Bun illidh code = HMS caption = manager = First ScotRail locale = Helmsdale borough = Highland start = platforms = 2 stats = yes lowusage0405 = 3,513 lowusage0506 = 3,514 lowusage0607 = 4,456 years = 28… …   Wikipedia

  • Far North Line — Overview System National Rail Status Operational …   Wikipedia

  • A897 road — UK road routebox road= A897 length mi= length km= direction= South to north start= Helmsdale (gbmappingsmall|ND155601) destinations= end= Melvich (gbmappingsmall|NC898631) construction date= completion date= junctions= ukroadsmall|99… …   Wikipedia

  • Duke of Sutherland's Railway — [v · d · …   Wikipedia

  • Loth —    LOTH, a parish, in the county of Sutherland, 11 miles (N. E. by N.) from Golspie; containing, with the villages of Helmsdale and Port Gower, 2526 inhabitants, of whom 1764 are in the rural districts. This place, the name of which is supposed… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Far North Line — Inverness–Wick/Thurso Bahnhof Wick Streckenlänge: 270 km Spurweite: 1435 mm (Normalspur) Legende …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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