Richard Doyle (illustrator)


Richard Doyle (illustrator)
Richard Doyle

Richard Doyle, Dicky, Dick Kitcat
Born 18 September 1824(1824-09-18)
London, England
Died 11 December 1883(1883-12-11) (aged 59)
London, England
Nationality English
Field Children's Literature

Richard "Dickie" Doyle (September 1824 – 11 December 1883) was a notable illustrator of the Victorian era. His work frequently appeared, amongst other places, in Punch magazine; he drew the cover of the first issue, and designed the magazine's masthead, a design that was used for over a century.[1]

Born at 17 Cambridge Terrace, London, one of seven children of Irish cartoonist John Doyle (known as 'H.B'), a noted political caricaturist,[2] two of his brothers, James and Charles, were also artists. The young Doyle had no formal art training other than his father's studio, but from an early age displayed a gifted ability to depict scenes of the fantastic and grotesque. Throughout his life he was fascinated by fairy tales. He joined the staff of Punch in 1843 aged 19, remaining there for seven years.

Doyle collaborated with John Leech, W.C. Stanfield and other artists to co-illustrate three Charles Dickens Christmas books, The Chimes (1844), The Cricket on the Hearth (1845) and The Battle of Life (1846).[3]

In 1846 Doyle's illustrations for The Fairy Ring (a new translation of Grimm's tales), first made his name as a fairytale illustrator. Following this in 1849 he produced Fairy Tales from All Nations (compiled by 'Anthony R. Montalba', which proved a tremendous success. Doyle was able to fully explore his love of fairy mythology with his many illustrations and borders filled with elves, pixies and other mythical creatures.

Following this success Doyle illustrated a string of fantasy titles: The Enchanted Doll by Mark Lemon (1849), The Story of Jack and the Giants (1850), and John Ruskin's The King of the Golden River (1850), which went through three editions in its first year of publication.

He also wrote for Punch a series of articles entitled "Manners and Customes of ye Englyshe". A very devout Roman Catholic, he resigned his position on the staff of Punch in 1850 in response to its hostility to what was termed "papal aggression", and spent the remainder of his career in preparing drawings for book illustration and to painting in watercolour. His chief series of illustrations were those for The Newcomes, The King of the Golden River, and The Foreign Tour of Brown, Jones and Robinson.[4]

His masterpiece is indubitably In Fairyland, a series of Pictures from the Elf World, with a poem by William Allingham, printed by Edmund Evans and published by Longman in time for Christmas 1869 (dated 1870). In the 16 colour plates and 36 line illustrations plus title page, Doyle was given a completely free hand. The folio was richly bound in green cloth, and has been described as one of the finest examples of Victorian book production (Richard Dalby, The Golden Age of Children's Book Illustration, 1991 p. 12).

Doyle was generally regarded as being brilliant but unreliable. For example, he was consistently late with his illustrations for The Newcomes, only meeting his commitments when Thackeray threatened to give the work to another artist. Doyle's excuses were often ridiculous, and the Dalziel Brothers reported that on one occasion he failed to meet a deadline because he had 'not got any pencils'.[5] Such amateurism hampered Doyle's success. Several books he had been commissioned to illustrate did not appear because he lacked the application needed to finish them, and completed work was often uneven in quality and 'deplorably pedestrian'.[6]

Doyle signed many of his drawings with the depiction of a small bird standing on the initials 'RD', a reference to his nickname "Dickie" (as in "dickie bird").

He was the uncle of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, author of the Sherlock Holmes stories.[7]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Richard Doyle". Catholic Encyclopedia. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05151c.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  2. ^ "John Doyle". Spartacus. Spartacus Educational. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JdoyleJ.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  3. ^ "Richard Doyle". Spartacus. Spartacus Educational. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JdoyleR.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 
  4. ^ Doyle on the Catholic Encyclopedia online
  5. ^ The Brothers Dalziel, A Record of Work, 1840-1890 Foreword by Graham Reynolds. 1901; reprinted London: Batsford (1978) pg 58
  6. ^ Muir, Percy Victorian Illustrated Books London: Batsford, 1971; revised ed., (1985) pg 102
  7. ^ Christopher Roden. "Arthur Conan Doyle, a brief biographical study". http://www.ash-tree.bc.ca/acdsbio.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-06. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Richard Doyle (Illustrator) — Richard Doyle (Pseudonym: „Dick Kitcat“; * 18. September 1824 in London; † 10. Dezember 1883 ebenda) war ein englischer Illustrator, Karikaturist und Maler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Familie 3 L …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Doyle — may refer to:*Richard Doyle (actor), American actor *Richard Doyle (author) (born 1948), British thriller writer *Richard Doyle (basketball), the first All American in Michigan Wolverines men s basketball history *Richard Doyle (illustrator)… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Doyle — ist der Name folgender Personen: Richard Doyle (Illustrator) (1824–1883), britischer Illustrator Richard Doyle (Senator) (1923–2003), kanadischer Senator Richard Doyle (Schauspieler) (* 1945), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Richard Doyle… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Doyle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Doyle. Portrait de Richard Doyle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Doyle (author) — Infobox Writer imagesize = 150px name = Richard Doyle caption = birthdate = 1948 birthplace =Guernsey deathdate = deathplace = occupation = Novelist movement = genre = Thriller, non fiction notableworks = influences = influenced = Chris Ryan and… …   Wikipedia

  • Doyle — ist der Name folgender Personen: Adrian Doyle (* 1936), australischer römisch katholischer Bischof Arthur Conan Doyle (1859–1930), britischer Arzt und Schriftsteller Avril Doyle (* 1949), irische Europapolitikerin Brian Doyle Murray (* 1945), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Doyle — This article is about the surname Doyle ; for other uses, see Doyle (disambiguation). Doyle is a surname of Irish origin. The name is a Anglicisation of the Gaelic Ó Dubhghaill, meaning descendant of Dubhghall . The personal name Dubhghall… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Gutschmidt — Sherlock Holmes Illustration von R. Gutschmidt Richard Gutschmidt (* 11. Mai 1861 in Neuruppin; † 3. Februar 1926 in München) war ein deutscher Maler, Buchillustrator und Grafiker. Vom 15. Oktober 1884 bis 1891 war er Schüler von Herterich und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Doyle, Richard — ▪ British artist born September 1824, London died Dec. 11, 1883, London       caricaturist, painter, and illustrator who, together with his father, John (1797–1868), introduced into British art a moderate style of caricature, opposed to the… …   Universalium

  • John Doyle (artist) — John Doyle (1797 Dublin ndash; February 1, 1868) was an artist and notable [cite web| accessdate=2007 11 06| url=http://www.polybiblio.com/shapero/40243.html| title=H.B. [DOYLE, John] , H.B. Sketches |publisher=polybiblio.com |quote=the series… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.