International Foundation Manifesta Established 1994 Location Director H. Fijen Website www.manifesta.org
Manifesta, the European Biennial of Contemporary Art, is a European pan-regional contemporary cultural biennale, described in 2010 by the Wall Street Journal as "stunning in its scope and uncompromisingly experimental in its approach".
Manifesta began as a Dutch initiative to create a pan-European platform for the contemporary visual arts. Unlike most biennials, Manifesta is held in a different location each time it is held, and the concept of an itinerant event first took shape in Rotterdam in 1996, in consultation with a specially appointed International Advisory Board (the forerunner of the present International Foundation), and the support of various national governmental arts organisations and ministries of culture in Europe. The main office of the International Foundation Manifesta, initator of the various editions of the Manifesta Biennial is located in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Manifesta developed into a fast growing network for young professionals in Europe and one of the most innovative biennial exhibition programme to be held anywhere. This is due, in no small measure, to its pan-European ambitions and its uniquely nomadic nature. Both the network and the exhibition, with its related activities, are equally important components of this itinerant event. Manifesta offers a platform for emerging artists, on the basis of a networking organisation, which is able to respond flexibly to new artistic, technological and cultural developments. The most obvious aspects of Manifesta's inbuilt flexibility is the fact that a new, pan-European theme or concept is developed on each occasion by a team of outside curators, working in close consultation with representatives of all kind of cultural, social, academic institutions in the host city. In other words, each new edition aims to establish a close dialogue between a specific cultural and artistic situation and the broader context of European visual contemporary art.
Manifesta 1 was held in Rotterdam, Netherlands in 1996 in 16 different museums and 36 public spaces. A team of five curators, from Barcelona, Budapest, London, Moscow, and Paris/Zurich, selected 72 artists from 30 different European countries and five from elsewhere. Since then it has been held in Luxembourg (1998), Ljubljana (2000), Frankfurt (2002) and San Sebastian (Spain) in 2004. The event was due to be held in the ethnically-divided city of Nicosia, Cyprus, in 2006 but was cancelled at the last moment. In 2008 Manifesta 7 took place in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy. Manifesta 8 took place in the region of Murcia Spain in 2010. Manifesta 9 will take place in 2012 in the region of Limburg, Belgium.
The Manifesta biennials and organisation have not operated without controversy. The most notable problem was in 2006 when the event was cancelled in Cyprus. A number of critics of the planned Cyprus event claimed Manifesta was too concerned with gaining sponsorship from big business and government, and not enough with the needs of artists, particularly those in the host country.
Manifesta 1, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 1996
Manifesta 1 was developed by Hedwig Fijen and Jolie van Leeuwen as the first edition of the Manifesta Biennal. Curated by Andrew Renton, Katalyn Neray, Rosa Martinez, Viktor Misiano and Hans Ulrich Obrist, it was held in 16 different museums and 36 public spaces in Rotterdam, Netherlands. All the works displayed at Manifesta 1 were specially made for this event and many of the participating artists where exhibiting outside their own countries for the first time in their career. Many of these artists went on to exhibit extensively in public and commercial galleries in Europe and the US, and to take part in major international events, such as the Venice Biennale and the documenta. A novel aspect of this exhibition – taken on by subsequent editions of Manifesta – was the emphasis given to collaborative work between artists, curators, representatives of different disciplines and the general public. In the months prior to the opening, the curatorial team responsible for realizing the exhibition held a series of so called ‘open’ and ‘closed house’ meetings in a dozen different cities all over Europe, in which professionals and members of the general public were invited to participate.
Overview Artists Manifesta 1
• Martin Beck (Austria / USA) • Mila Bredikhina (Russia) • Patrick Van Caeckenbergh (Belgium) • Entertainment & Co • (Portugal) • Mat Collishaw (Great Britain) • Maurice O'Connell[disambiguation needed ] (Ireland) • Rogelio López Cuenca (Spain) • Maria Eichhorn (Germany) • Olafur Eliasson (Island) • Ayse Erkmen (Turkey) • Vadim Fishkin (Russia) • Bernhard Fuchs (Switzerland) • Tamara Grcic (Germany) • Joseph Grigely (USA) • Douglas Gordon (Scotland) • Tommi Grönlund (Finland) • Marie-Ange Guilleminot (France) • Dmitri Gutov (Russia) • Jitka Hanzlová (Germany) • Róza El-Hassan (Hungary) • Carl Michael von Hausswolff (Sweden) • Christine Hill (Germany) • Carsten Höller (Germany) • Fabrice Hybert (France) • IRWIN (Slovenia) • Siraj Izhar (Great Britain) • Henrik Plenge Jacobsen (Denmark) • Robert Jankuloski (Macedonia) • Piotr Jaros (Poland) • Koo Jeong-a (France) • Ivana Keser (Croatia) • Soo-Ja Kim (South-Korea) • Suchan Kinoshita (Netherlands) • Oleg Kulik (Russia) • Renée Kool (Netherlands) • Pavel Kopriva (Czech Republic) • Yuri Leiderman (Russia) • Tracy Mackenna (Scotland) • Esko Männikkö (Finland) • Eva Marisaldi (Italy) • Jenny Marketou (Greece) • Roger Meintjes (Portugal) • Regina Möller (Germany) • NEsTWORK (Netherlands) • Petteri Nisunen (Finland) • Roman Ondák (Slovakia) • Huang Yong Ping (France) • Valeri Podoroga (Russia) • Tadej Pogacar (Slovenia) • Mathias Poledna (Austria) • Liza May Post (Netherlands) • Luca Quartana (Italy) • Tobias Rehberger (Germany) • Gerwald Rockenschaub (Austria) • Arsen Savadov (Ukraine) • Pit Schulz (Germany) • Georgy Senchenko (Ukraine) • subREAL (Rumania) • Nedko Solakov (Bulgaria) • János Sugár (Hungary) • Kathy Temin (Australia) • Hale Tenger (Turkey) • Jaan Toomik (Estonia) • Rirkrit Tiravanija (USA) • Didier Trenet (France) • Rosemarie Trockel (Germany) • Mette Tronvoll (Scandinavia) • Uri Tzaig (Israel) • Paco Vacas (Spain) • Eulàlia Valldosera (Spain) • Lydia Venieri (Greece) • Susann Walder (Switzerland) • Sam Taylor-Wood (Great Britain) • Catherine Yass (Great Britain)
Manifesta 2, Luxembourg, 1998
Manifesta 2 was held under the patronage of the Ministry of Culture of Luxembourg, curated by Robert Fleck, Maria Lind and Barbara Vanderlinden, and included mostly site-specific work. For the first time, Manifesta included a series of international discussions and debates and launched a cumulative ‘Info lab’ (the basis of Manifesta’s present growing archive), with up-to-date printed and audiovisual material about current artistic tendencies in 30 different European countries. Another innovative feature of Manifesta 2, which has been further developed for Manifesta 3 and 4, was the involvement of 30 young people from all over Europe in a training programme specially devised for Manifesta 2 with organisational and educational purposes. More than 43 European countries participated financially and organisationally in Manifesta 2, contributing, for example, to the curators’ and artists’ travel costs and other expenses related to transport and additional activities. The exhibition catalogue contained information about the infrastructure for contemporary visual art in approximately 30 European countries.
Overview Artists Manifesta 2
• Eija-Liisa Ahtila (Finland) • Kutlug Ataman (Turkey) • Orla Barry (Great Britain) • Emese Benczúr (Hungary) • Christine Borland (Scotland) • Eriks Bozis (Latvia) • Maurizio Cattelan (Italy) • Alicia Framis (Netherlands) • Dora Garcia (Netherlands / Belgium) • Dr. Galentin Gatev (Bulgaria) • Dominique Gonzales-Foerster (France) • Felix Gonzales-Torres (USA) • Carsten Höller (Germany) • Pierre Huyghe (France) • Sanja Iveković (Croatia) • Inessa Josing (Estonia) • Kristof Kintera (Czech Republic) • Elke Krystufek (Austria) • Peter Land (Denmark) • Maria Lindberg (Sweden) • Michel Majerus (Germany) • Bjarne Melgaard (Norway / Australia) • Deimantas Narkevicius (Lithuania) • Fanni Niemi-Junkola (Finland) • Honoré ’O (Belgium) • Boris Ondreicka (Slovakia) • Tanja Ostojic (Jugoslavia) • Marko Peljhan (Slovenia) • Dan Perjovschi (Rumania) • Franz Pomassl (Austria) • Antoine Prum (Luxembourg) • Tobias Rehberger (Germany) • Jeroen de Rijke / Willem de Rooij (Netherlands) • Bojan Sarcevic (France) • Eran Schaerf (Germany / Belgium) • Tilo Schulz (Germany) • Nebojsa Soba Seric (Bosnia) • Ann-Sofi Sidén (USA / Sweden) • Andreas Slominski (Germany) • Sean Snyder (Germany) • Apolonija Sustersic (Slovenia / Netherlands) • Sarah Sze (USA) • Bert Theis (Italy) • Piotr Uklánski • Gitte Villesen (Denmark) • Richard Wright (Scotland)
For Manifesta 3 the work by artists, artists’ collectives, urban planners and architects was spread over three main venues. For the first time, Manifesta received press coverage in the United States of America, but no less important was the high proportion of visitors from neighbouring countries in East and South-East Europe. Another brand new initiative was to give the exhibition a theme, which the curatorial team (Francesco Bonami, Ole Bouman, Maria Hlavajova and Kathrin Rhomberg) named Borderline Syndrome. Energies of Defence. In order to support the subject they were exploring they also solicited catalogue contributions not only from a wide range of Slovenian and foreign intellectuals (philosophers, historians and sociologists among others), but also from the general public. The catalogue has turned today into a collector’s item. The nature of the events in Ljubljana reflected the thriving intellectual life of the city and the relevance of interdisciplinary practice in the arts – particularly, the crossover between visual art, cinema and performance, and interaction with new media.
Overview Artists Manifesta 3
• Gruppo A12 (Italy) • Adel Abdessemed (France) • Pawel Althamer (Poland) • Rasmus Knud & Søren Andreasen (Denmark) • Maja Bajevic (Bosnia) • Simone Berti (Italy) • Ursula Biemann (Switzerland) • Roland Boden (Germany) • Agnese Bule (Lithuania) • Nayia Frangouli & Yane Calovski (Great Britain / USA) • Phil Collins (Northern Ireland) • Joost Conijn (Netherlands) • Josef Dabernig (Austria) • Colin Darke (Northern Ireland) • Michael Elmgreen & Ingar Dragset (Denmark) • FAT: S. Griffiths • C. Holland • S. Jacob (Great Britain) • Urs Fischer (Great Britain / Switzerland) • Marcus Geiger (Austria) • Amit Goren (Israel) • Veli Granö (Finland) • Pravdoliub Ivanov (Bulgaria) • Ivana Jelavic (Croatia) • Daniel Jewesbury (Northern Ireland) • Selja Kameric (Bosnia) • Ian Kiaer (Great Britain) • Koo Jeong-a (France) • Edward Krasinski (Poland) • Darij Kreuh (Slovenia) • Denisa Lehocká (Slovakia) • Alexander Melkonyan (Armenia) • Matthias Müller (Germany) • Paul Noble (Great Britain) • Anton Olshvang (Russia) • Roman Ondák (Slovakia) • Anatoly Osmolovsky (Russia) • Adrian Paci (Albania / Italy) • Manfred Pernice (Germany) • Diego Perrone (Italy) • Susan Philipsz (Northern Ireland) • Marjetica Potrc (Slovenia) • Arturas Raila (Lithuania) • Anri Sala (Albania / France) • Bülent Sangar (Turkey) • Sanna Sarva (Finland) • Tomo Savic-Gecan (Netherlands / Croatia) • Schie 2.0: J.Konings • T.Matton • L.Verweij (Netherlands) • Ene-Liis Semper (Estonia) • Stalker[disambiguation needed ] (Italy) • Simon J. Starling (Scotland) • Skart:D. Prostic • M.Postic • T.Moraca • P. de Bruyne • D. Balmazovic (Jugoslavia) • Nika Span (Slovenia / Germany) • Nasrin Tabatabai (Netherlands) • Sarah Tripp (Scotland) • Francisco Tropa (Portugal) • Joëlle Tuerlinckx (Belgium) • Sisley Xhafa (Italy) • Gregor Zivic (Austria) • Jasmila Zbanic (Bosnia)
Manifesta 4, Frankfurt, Germany, 2002
Manifesta 4 took place in more than 15 venues and urban sites in the city of Frankfurt/Main and more than a dozen theoreticians played a major role in site-related workshops, discussions and programmes. The three female curators Iara Boubnova, Nuria Enguita Mayo and Stephanie Moisdon Trembley created an extensive digital and physical Manifesta archive that resulted from their extensive travel, a library called ‘Trespassing Space’ and a Manifesta online project called e-manifesta.org. On this occasion, Manifesta 4 incorporated the support of more than 16 sponsors and non-profit organisations, as well as the direct support through artist’s projects by more than 40 national arts organisations.
Overview Artists Manifesta 4
• 0100101110101101.org • Halil Altindere (Turkey) • Daniel García Andújar (Spain) • Apsolutno (Yugoslavia) • Ibon Aranberri (Spain) • Olivier Bardin (France) • Yael Bartana (Israel) • Massimo Bartolini (Italy) •Marc Bijl (Netherlands) • Pierre Bismuth (France) • Bleda y Rosa (Spain) • Elisabetta Benassi (Italy)• BLESS • Lionel Bovier • Luchezar Boyadjiev (Bulgaria) • Fernando Bryce (Peru) • Gerard Byrne (Ireland) • Roberto Cuoghi (Italy) • Jonas Dahlberg (Sweden) • Kathy Deepwell • Dagmar Demming • Branislav Dimitrijevic • Esra Ersen • Jon Mikel Euba (Spain) • Jeanne Faust (Germany) • João Fernandes • Zlatan Filipovic (Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hercegovina) • Finger (Berlin) • Christoph Fink (Belgium) • Nina Fischer & Maroan El Sani (Germany/Germany) • Dirk Fleischmann (Germany) •Andreas Fogarasi (Austria) • Luke Fowler (Great Britain) • Andrea Geyer (Germany) • Alonso Gil • Gudmundsdottir (Iceland) • Alban Hajdinaj (Albania) • Lise Harlev (Denmark) • Institut für Kulturanthropologie und Europäische Ethnologie (Germany) • Jens Hoffmann (in collaboration with Natascha Sadr Haghighian & Tino Sehgal) • Takehito Koganezawa (Japan) • Erden Kosova • Andreja Kuluncic (Yugoslavia) • Antal Lakner (Hungary) • Franck Larcade • Anton Litvin (Russia) • Gintaras Makarevicius • Ján Mancuska (Slovakia) • Mathieu Mercier (France) • Suzana Milevska • Gianni Motti (Italy) • Ivan Moudov • Oliver Musovik (Macedonia) • Nina Fischer & Maroan el Sani (Germany/Germany) • Olivier Nottellet • OHIO Photomagazine • Maria Papadimitriou (Greece) • Florian Pumhösl (Austria) • Tobias Putrih (Slovenia) • Radek Group • Sal Randolph (USA) • Revolver Archiv für aktuelle Kunst (Germany) • Gianni Romano • ROR Revolutions on Request (Finland) • rraum-rraum02-ideoblast (Germany) • Pia Rönicke (Denmark) Natascha Sadr Haghighian • Hedwig Saxenhuber • Hans Schabus (Austria) • Tino Seghal • Kalin Serapionov (Bulgaria) • Bruno Serralongue (France) • Erzen Shkololli • Sancho Silva (Portugal) • Monika Sosnowska (Poland) • Laura Stasíulytë (Lithuania) • Mika Taanila (Finland) • The Construction & Deconstruction Institute (Netherlands) • Nomeda & Gediminas Urbonas (Lithuania) • Jasper van den Brink (Netherlands) • Edin Vejselovic Edo (Macedonia) •wemgehoertdiestadt • Måns Wrange (Sweden) • Haegue Yang (Korea)• Jun Yang[disambiguation needed ] (China) • Zapp[disambiguation needed ] (Netherlands) • Artur Żmijewski
Manifesta 5, Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain, 2004
The Basque region – one of a specific dynamic historical and socio-political background – has a strong sense of cultural and political identity and a determination to develop coherent cultural policies. This attitude together with its geographical position in Southern Europe made Donostia-San Sebastian a perfect location for the 5th edition of Manifesta, as curated by Massimiliano Gioni and Marta Kuzma. At the time of M5, one of Manifesta's long-term strategic aims was to achieve a stronger North-South balance, in addition to the already existing East-West balance in all aspects of its activities, including location, board members, curatorial teams and artistic representation. One particularly innovative program within the Biennale was Manifesta 5’s long-lasting partnership with the post-graduate Berlage Institute Rotterdam in the Netherlands, functioning as an urban mediator at the biennale and as a collaboration between architects and artists, exploring how contemporary art practices is extending in the reality of architecture and urban planning.TOOAUP
Overview Artists Manifesta 5
• Bas Jan Ader (Netherlands) • Victor Alimpiev and Sergey Vishnevsky (Russia) • Huseyin Alptekin (Turkey) Micol Assaël (Italy) • Sven Augustijnen (Belgium) • Zbynûk Baladrán (Czech Republic) • John Bock (Germany) • Michaël Borremans (Belgium) • Sergey Bratkov (Russia) Carlos Bunga (Portugal) • Duncan Campbell (Great Britain) • Cengis Çekil (Turkey) • Illya Chichkan and Kyrill Protsenko (Ukraine) • D.A.E. (Peio Aguirre and Leire Vergara) • Jan de Cock (Belgium) • Angela de la Cruz (Spain) • Jeremy Deller (Great Britain) • Andrea Faciu (Romania) • Iñaki Garmendia (Spain) • Geert Goiris (Belgium) • Kim Hiorthøy (Norway) • Laura Horelli (Finland) • Külli Kaats (Estonia) • Johannes Kahrs (Germany) • Leopold Kessler (Austria) • Mark Leckey (Great Britain) • Maria Lusitano (Portugal) • Mark Manders (Netherlands) • Asier Mendizabal (Spain) • Boris Mikhailov (Ukraine) • Oksana Pasaiko • Anu Pennanen (Finland) • Garrett Phelan (Ireland) • Kirsten Pieroth (Germany) • Paola Pivi (Italy) • Office of Alternative Urban Planning (Verónica Arcos, José Arnaud, Sannah Belzer, Sebastián Khourian, Claudia Strahl, Mónica Villate, Constanze Zehi) • Marc Quer (France) • Daniel Roth[disambiguation needed ] (Germany) • Michael Sailstorfer (Austria) • Silke Schatz (Germany) • Markus Schinwald (Austria) • Conrad Shawcross (Great Britain) • Eyal Sivan and Michel Khleifi (Israel/ Palestine) • Hito Steyerl (Germany) • Misha Stroj (Slovenia) • Patrick Tuttofuoco (Italy) • Vangelis Vlahos (Greece) • Gillian Wearing (Great Britain) • Amelie von Wulffen (Germany) • Cathy Wilkes (Scotland) • Yevgeniy Yufit (Russia) • Olivier Zabat (France) • David Zink Yi (Peru) • Darius Ziura (Lithuania)
As their project for Manifesta 6, the curatorial team of Mai Abu ElDahab, Anton Vidokle and Florian Waldvogel intended to use the capital, network and infrastructure of Manifesta along with the local resources to start an experimental art school. The school, bi-communal and international in composition, was to be formed in Nicosia around a site-specific exhibition materialized through short and long-term residency programs resulting in a production of a number of new works and events in Cyprus, and might have gone on to become a permanent institution. Manifesta 6 was canceled three months before the opening. Afterward, Vidokle and some of his Manifesta collaborators organized a similar independent project called unitednationsplaza.
Manifesta 7, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy, 2008
In 2008, for the first time Manifesta took place not in a city but in a whole region: Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy. The area has been selected for its historical heritage, its artistic and cultural facilities and especially for its striking examples of industrial archaeology buildings, which are linked to the work history and the progressive industrialisation of the territory. Manifesta 7 formally came to an end on November 2, 2008 after a period of 111 days of intense activity. Manifesta 7 was curated as a collaborative effort by three teams, consisting of Adam Budak, Anselm Franke/Hila Peleg and Raqs Media Collective, and was organised by a large international team, which was managed by Hedwig Fijen, Andreas Hapkemeyer and Fabio Cavallucci. Manifesta 7 attracted more than 108,000 visitors.
The positive response to Manifesta 7 has been confirmed by the presence of numerous, different audience groups, as well as the widespread coverage in the local, national and international press. Art critics have described this edition as the best Manifesta so far. 1,615 journalists from Italy and abroad registered to visit the Manifesta 7 exhibitions. These events showcased painting, sculpture, video, installation and sound works, the majority of which were specially conceived for the occasion by 230 participating artists, architects and writers from around the world.
Overview Artists Manifesta 7
For an overview of all the artists who contributed to Manifesta 7
please refer to the Manifesta 7 Artist page.
On January 9, 2011, Manifesta 8 – the European Biennial of Contemporary Art, came to a close after 100 days in the host cities of Murcia and Cartagena in southeast Spain. Manifesta 8 took place in 14 venues, five of which were historical buildings specially refurbished for Manifesta, plus four media spaces. Manifesta 8 was curated by three independent curatorial collectives, each of them developing a project as an autonomous curatorial contribution. The collectives are ACAF – Alexandria Contemporary Arts Forum, CPS – Chamber of Public Secrets and tranzit.org. The positive results achieved by Manifesta 8 in the Region of Murcia have been attested by 110,000 visitors, who have been welcomed at the 14 venues during the exhibition period. Furthermore over 10% of the total visitors to Manifesta 8 participated to one of the many education, outreach and art mediation programs on offer.
For the first time, the Biennial integrated a sub-theme in its title – a dialogue with northern Africa as a direct consequence of geopolitical issues in the region where it took place. In different interdisciplinary projects, this theme was sometimes explicit, sometimes inferred and sometimes highlighted in historical films, photographs and aligned works by artists from Africa, with particular emphasis on the history of Arabic culture rooted in the Region of Murcia. Manifesta 8 incorporated a large number of Parallel Events spread throughout the region of Murcia, as well as television and radio programs, publications, Internet sites and multi-media projects.
Manifesta 8 reached record attendance of over 50,000 visitors within its first month after opening on the 9th October, and has been described as "monstrous in size, stunning in its scope and uncompromisingly experimental in its approach" by the Wall Street Journal.
Overview Artists Manifesta 8
AA The ART ASSEMBLY, Abed Anouti, AGM 10 Annual General Meeting, Basma AlSharif, Esref Armagan, Mounira Al Solh, Babi Badalov, Backbench, Brumaria, Erick Beltran, Gonzalo Ballester, Igor & Ivan Buharov, Lene Berg, Michael Paul Britto, Neil Beloufa, Pablo Bronstein, Banu Cennetoglu / Shiri Zinn, Boris Charmatz, Celine Condorelli, Common Culture, Corporación Bacilö, Danilo Correale, Ergin Cavusoglu, Filipa César, Heman Chong, Lou Lou Cherinet, Cristina David, Juan Downey, Kajsa Dahlberg, Stephan Dillemuth, Willie Doherty, Aida Eltorie, Alfonso Escudero, Anders Eiebakke, Marcelo Expósito & Verónica Iglesia, Sherif El-Azma, Carla Filipe, Simon Fujiwara, Alexandra Galkina, Laurent Grasso, Melanie Gilligan, Pedro G. Romero / Archivo F.X, Ryan Gander, Thierry Geoffroy/ Colonel, Karl Holmqvist, Khaled Hafez, Nav Haq, Ralf Homann, Sung Hwan Kim, Incubator for a Pan-African Roaming Biennial, Adela Jušic, Ann Veronica Janssens, Jeleton, Hassan Khan, Mahmoud Khaled, Mathieu Kleyebe Abonnenc/ Sarah Maldoror, Irene Lucas & Christoph Euler, Ana Martínez, Charles Mudede, Darius Miksys, Erlea Maneros Zabala, Kenny Muhammad & Adam Carrigan, Metahaven, Nastio Mosquito, Rosell Meseguer, Suhail Malik, Angel Nevarez & Valerie Tevere, Fay Nicolson, nOFFICE, Bouchra Ouizguen, Lorraine O'Grady, Nada Prlja, Olivia Plender, Prayers for Art, Ariel Reichman, David Rych, Emily Roysdon, Jasper Rigole, María Ruido, n.e.w.s.:Renée Ridgway/Rick van Amersfoort, Red76, Wanda Raimundi-Ortiz, Alexandre Singh, Catarina Simao, Jean-Marc Superville Sovak, Kim Sung Hwan, Nikolaus Schletterer, Ruti Sela, Mariusz Tarkawian, Michael Takeo Magruder, Stefanos Tsivopoulos, Take to the Sea, The Action Mill, The MoCHA Sessions, The Otolith Group, Martin Vongrej, Tomáš Vanek, Tris Vonna-Michell, Tanja Widmann, Wooloo, Raed Yassin.
Manifesta 9 will take place in the summer of 2012 in Limburg, Belgium.
Overview Artists Manifesta 9 TBA
- ^ M A N I F E S T A
- ^ Manifesta 9 Announces Location and Curatorial Team for 2012 ARTINFO.com
- ^ See Agnieszka Rakoczy, 'How Manifesta was lost', in Cyprus Mail, 4 June 2006, online at http://www.cyprus-mail.com/news/main.php?id=26220&archive=1
- ^ See ArtCyprus, no.2, Autumn 2006
- ^ Frieze Foundation | Andrew Renton
- ^ Edge: Hans Ulrich Obrist
- ^ kunstaspekte - kunst international
- ^ Goethe-Institut Curators - A - G - Fleck, Robert
- ^ Artfacts.Net: Manifesta 2 - Luxembourg
- ^ Umelec international
- ^ Manifesta / e-flux
- ^ Netherlands Architecture Institute - _detail
- ^ BAK
- ^ Enguita Mayo
- ^ ArtMargins
- ^ Artnews.org Madrid: MANIFESTA 5 San Sebastián European Biennial of Contemporary Art 11 June - 30 Sept 2004
- ^ Goethe-Institut Curators - S - Z - Waldvogel, Florian
- ^ Manifesta 6, A Cautionary Tale
- ^ "Schools Out". . 2006-09. http://www.frieze.com/issue/article/schools_out.
- ^ "Manifesta no more". . http://www.artnet.com/magazineus/news/zenakos/zenakos6-5-06.asp.
Barbara Vanderlinden & Elena Filipovic, ed. (2006). The Manifesta Decade; Debates on Contemporary Art Exhibitions and Biennials in Post-Wall Europe. Brussels: Roomade. ISBN 0-262-22076-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=vle-AAAACAAJ&dq=manifesta+decade/
- Manifesta 8
- Alexandria Contemporary Arts Forum
- Chamber of Public Secrets
- Wall Street Journal on Manifesta 8
- Manifesta 7
- Raqs Media Collective
- "Upgrade your bus to art!", announcement of a Manifesta project by Piratbyrån and The Pirate Bay
- WPS1 Interview
- Historic Preservation Program
- Manifesta 7 Education Flickr
- Manifesta 7 Pagine Gialle
- Flash Art on Manifesta 7
- Manifesta 6 in Artforum
- Manifesta 6 cancellation discussion independently moderated
- Manifesta 6 cancellation discussion moderated by M6 curators
- Open Letter to Manifesta
- In Darkest Cyprus: Manifesta 6 Cyprus Weekly (newspaper) article
- artnet Magazine - Whitney Watch
- In Search of a Balanced View
- Manifesta 6, A Cautionary Tale
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Manifesta — Die Manifesta ist eine europäische Biennale für zeitgenössische Kunst. Die erste Manifesta fand 1996 statt, die Ausstellungsorte wechseln alle zwei Jahre. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 International Foundation Manifesta 2 Veranstaltungsorte 3 Manifesta 7 … Deutsch Wikipedia
manifesta — A manifesta ≠ a masca, a tăinui Trimis de siveco, 03.08.2004. Sursa: Antonime manifestá (a exprima, a arăta un sentiment, o tendinţă, a (se) face cunoscut) vb., ind. prez. 3 sg. şi pl. maniféstă Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar… … Dicționar Român
Manifesta 4 — Die Manifesta ist eine an wechselnden Orten in Europa stattfindende europäische Biennale zeitgenössischer Kunst. Die Manifesta existiert seit 1996, die Ausstellungsorte wechseln alle zwei Jahlre. 1996: Rotterdam, Niederlande 1998: Luxemburg,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
manifestá — I. (a exprima, a arãta un sentiment, o tendinţã, a (se) face cunoscut) vb., ind. prez. 3 sg. şi pl. maniféstã II. (a participa la o manifes taţie) vb., ind. prez. 1 sg. manifestéz, 3 sg. şi pl. manifesteázã … Romanian orthography
Manifesta iniquĭtas — (lat.), »offenbare Unbilligkeit«, von besonderer Bedeutung für die Anfechtung des Ausspruchs von Schiedsmännern (s. Arbitrator) … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
manifesta probatione non indigent — /maenafesta prsbeyshiyowniy non indajant/ Things manifest do not require proof … Black's law dictionary
manifesta probatione non indigent — /maenafesta prsbeyshiyowniy non indajant/ Things manifest do not require proof … Black's law dictionary
Manifesta non indigent probatione — Those facts which are manifest do not require proof. Riley v Wallace, 188 Ky 471, 222 SW 1085, 11 ALR 337, 340 … Ballentine's law dictionary
Manifesta probatione non indigent — Manifest facts do not require proof … Ballentine's law dictionary
Coleophora manifesta — Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta … Wikipedia