- Belfry of Bruges
The belfry of Bruges, or Belfort, is a medieval
bell towerin the historical center of Bruges, Belgium. One of the city's most prominent symbols, the belfry formerly housed a treasury and the municipal archives, and served as an observation post for spotting fires and other danger. A narrow, steep staircase of 366 steps, accessible by the public for an entry fee, leads to the top of the 83-meter-high building, which leans about a meter to the east.
To the sides and back of the tower stands the former market hall, a rectangular building only 44 m broad but 84 m deep, with an inner courtyard. The belfry, accordingly, is also known as the "Halletoren" (tower of the halls).
The building is a central feature of the 2008 film "
The belfry was added to the main market square around 1240, when Bruges was prospering as an important center of the Flemish cloth industry. After a devastating fire in 1280, the tower was largely rebuilt. The city archives, however, were forever lost to the flames.
The octagonal upper stage of the belfry was added between 1483 to 1487, and capped with a wooden spire bearing an image of Saint Michael, banner in hand and dragon underfoot. The spire did not last long: a lightning strike in 1493 reduced it to ashes, and destroyed the bells as well. A wooden spire crowned the summit again for some two-and-a-half centuries, before it, too, fell victim to flames in 1741. The spire was never replaced again, thus making the current height of the building somewhat lower than in the past; but an openwork stone
parapetin Gothic style was added to the rooftop in 1822.
A poem by
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, titled "The Belfry of Bruges," refers to the building's checkered history::In the market-place of Bruges stands the belfry old and brown;:Thrice consumed and thrice rebuilded, still it watches o'er the town.
The bells in the tower regulated the lives of the city dwellers, announcing the time, fire alarms, work hours, and a variety of social, political, and religious events. Eventually a mechanism ensured the regular sounding of certain bells, for example indicating the hour.
In the 16th century the tower received a
carillon, allowing the bells to be played by means of a hand keyboard. Starting from 1604, the annual accounts record the employment of a carilloneur to play songs during Sundays, holidays and market days.
In 1675 the carillon comprised 35 bells, designed by Melchior de Haze of
Antwerp. After the fire of 1741 this was replaced by a set of bells cast by Joris Dumery, twenty-six of which are still in use. Today the bells number 47, together weighing about 27.5 tonnes.
References and external links
* [http://www.belgiumview.com/belgiumview/tl3/view0001201.php4 Picture gallery and description] from Belgiumview.com
* [http://www.trabel.com/brugge/bruges-belfry.htm Bruges: The Belfry and the Cloth Hall] from trabel.com
* [http://www.beiaard.org/steden_brugge.html History of the belfry and carillon] from the Flemish Carillon Association
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