Scarf


Scarf

A scarf is a piece of fabric worn on or near the head or around the neck for warmth, cleanliness, fashion or for religious reasons.

Uses and types

In cold climates, a thick knitted scarf, often of wool, is tied around the neck to keep warm. This is usually accompanied by a warm hat and heavy coat.

In drier, dustier climates, or in environments where there are many airborne contaminants, a thin headscarf, kerchief, or bandanna is often worn over the head to keep the hair clean. Over time, this custom has evolved into a fashionable item in many cultures, particularly among women. The cravat, an ancestor of the necktie and bow tie, evolved from scarves of this sort in Croatia.

Religions such as Islam promote modest dress among women; many Muslim women wear a headscarf often known as a hijab, and in Quranic Arabic as the khimar. The Keffiyeh is commonly used by Muslim men. Women in the Haredi Judaism community often wear a tichel to cover their hair. Several Christian denominations include a scarf known as a stole as part of their liturgical

Silk scarves were used by pilots of early aircraft in order to keep oily smoke from the exhaust out of their mouths while flying.

carves as uniforms

Students in the United Kingdom traditionally wear academic scarves with distinctive combinations of striped colours identifying their individual university or college.

Members of the Scouting Movement wear scarves as part of their uniform, with different colours and logos to represent their scout group. They are also used at camps to represent units, subcamps or the camp as a whole. Fun scarves are also used as memorabilia at Scout events and country scarves are often traded at international gatherings.

carves in sport

Since at least the early 1900s, when the phenomenon began in Britain, colored scarves have been traditional supporter wear for fans of association football teams across the world, even those in warmer climates. These scarves come in a wide variety of sizes and are made in a club's particular colors and may contain the club crest, pictures of renowned players, and various slogans relating to the history of the club and its rivalry with others. In the United Kingdom, the most popular and traditional type is a simple design with alternating bars of color in the individual team's traditional colors. In continental Europe many Ultras groups produce their own scarf designs.

As part of pre-match build-ups, or during matches, fans will create a 'scarf wall' in which all supporters in a section of the stadium will stretch out their scarves above their heads with both hands, creating an impressive 'wall' of color, usually accompanied by the singing of a club anthem such as "You'll Never Walk Alone" at Liverpool F.C. [" [http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=5276731486322975785 You'll Never Walk Alone] ", Liverpool Football Club, 2005] or "Grazie Roma" at A.S. Roma. This was initially solely a British phenomenon, but has since spread to Europe and South America.

Scarf wearing is also a noted feature of support for Australian rules football clubs in the Australian Football League, and are always in the form of alternating bars of color, usually with the team name or mascot written on each second bar.

Manufacture

The craft of knitting garments such as scarves is an important trade in some countries. Hand-knitted scarves are still common as gifts as well.

Printed scarves are additionally offered internationally through design houses such as Etro, Marisol Deluna, Hermes, Nicole Miller, Ferragamo, Emilio Pucci, Lulu Guiness and Casol to mention a few.

Other terms

A scarf is also known as a muffler in some dialects. [ Muffler, Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, [http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/muffler] ]

References

Links

* [http://www.content-corral.com/Article/History-of-the-scarf/11668 Patrick Smith: History of the scarf]
* [http://www.marysecasol.com/Neck_Scarf.html Article on benefits of the neck scarf]
* [http://www.starscarves.com/ Scarves and Head Scarves]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Scarf — Scarf, n. (a) In a piece which is to be united to another by a scarf joint, the part of the end or edge that is tapered off, rabbeted, or notched so as to be thinner than the rest of the piece. (b) A scarf joint. [1913 Webster] {Scarf joint} (a)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scarf — Scarf, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scarfed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scarfing}.] 1. To throw on loosely; to put on like a scarf. My sea gown scarfed about me. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To dress with a scarf, or as with a scarf; to cover with a loose wrapping.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scarf — Scarf, n.; pl. {Scarfs}, rarely {Scarves} (sk[aum]rvz). [Cf. OF. escharpe a pilgrim s scrip, or wallet (hanging about the neck), F. [ e]charpe sash, scarf; probably from OHG. scharpe pocket; also (from the French) Dan. ski[ae]rf; Sw. sk[ a]rp,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scarf — scarf1 [skärf] n. pl. scarves or sometimes scarfs [skärvz] [NormFr escarpe (OFr escharpe), a purse suspended from the neck, wallet < ML scirpa, scrippa, earlier scirpea, rush pouch or basket < L scirpeus, of rushes < scirpus, a rush,… …   English World dictionary

  • Scarf — Scarf, v. t. [Sw. skarfva to eke out, to join together, skarf a seam, joint; cf. Dan. skarre to joint, to unite timber, Icel. skara to clinch the planks of a boat, G. scharben to chop, to cut small.] (a) To form a scarf on the end or edge of, as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scarf up — [phrasal verb] scarf (something) up or scarf up (something) US, informal : to take (something) in a quick and eager way People scarfed up [=snapped up] the free gifts. • • • Main Entry: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Scarf — ist der Name folgender Personen: Edward Scarf (1908–1980), australischer Ringer Herbert Scarf (* 1930), US amerikanischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und Mathematiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung meh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scarf — (sk[aum]rf), n. [Icel. skarfr.] A cormorant. [Scot.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scarf — scarf; scarf·er; …   English syllables

  • scarf — Ⅰ. scarf [1] ► NOUN (pl. scarves or scarfs) ▪ a length or square of fabric worn around the neck or head. DERIVATIVES scarfed (also scarved) adjective. ORIGIN probably from Old French escharpe pilgrim s pouch …   English terms dictionary

  • scarf — The word for a piece of outdoor clothing has the plural form scarves, whereas for the unrelated word meaning ‘a joint or notch in timber, metal, etc.’ it is scarfs …   Modern English usage


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