List of topics in cell biology


List of topics in cell biology

Cell invokes a major branch of theory and research known variously as cell biology, cellular biology or cytology. The study of cell tissues is known as histology. Cell types are often referred to using the suffixes -blast, -clast, -cyte, especially regarding immature cells, or -phil pertaining to blood cells; hormone producing cells are frequently designated -trope or -troph; CNS cells as -glia; immune cells as -phage.

Theoretical topics

* Cell (biology)
* Cell adhesion, cell adhesion molecule, Intercellular adhesion molecule
* Cell capsule
* Cellular compartment
* Cell cycle, Cell cycle checkpoint
* Cell death: programmed cell death, necrosis, apoptosis
* Cell division
* Cell envelope
* Cellular fermentation
* Cytogenetics
* Cell growth
* Cellular infiltration
* Cell-mediated immunity
* Cell membrane, intracellular membranes
* Cell migration
* Cellular pathology, cytopathology
* Cellular respiration
* Cell signaling, Cell Signaling Networks, Hedgehog (cell signaling), Intercellular communication
* Cell theory, cellular life
* Cell wall
* Extra-cellular digestion
* Extracellular, Extracellular matrix, Intracellular
* Granule (cell biology)
* Inner cell mass: ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm, trophoblast
* Lamellae (cell biology)
* Non-cellular life

Cell types and distinctions

* Ameloblast
* Amoeboid
* Animal cell
* Brain cell
* Chondrocyte
* Clara cell
* Collar cell: choanocyte
* Colloblast
* Chromatophore
* Dendritic cell
* Electroplaques
* Endocrine cell: alpha cell, beta cell, delta cell, islets of Langerhans, PP cell
** neuroendocrine cell: chromaffin cell, magnocellular part, magnocellular neurosecretory cell
** peptide hormone secreting: chief cell, parathyroid chief cell
** target cell
* Epidermal: keratinocyte, melanocyte, prickle cell
* Epithelial: A549 cell, cell junction, goblet cell, squamous cell, thyroid epithelial cell
* Erythrocyte - "red blood cell" - reticular cell, reticulocyte, normoblast
** Reticulocyte: pluripotential hemopoietic stem cell, megakaryoblast, megakaryocyte
* Eukaryote
* Fibroblast: 3T3 cells
* Flame cell
* Gametocyte: Chinese Hamster Ovary cell, germ cell, granulosa cell, interstitial cell, Leydig cell, oocyte, spermatocyte
* Gastric cell: D cell, enterochromaffin-like cell, G cell, parietal cell
* Glial cell: Bergmann glia, microglia, oligodendrocyte, oligodendrocyte precursor cell, Müller cell, Schwann cell
** Macroglia: astrocyte
* Glomus cell
* Granule cell
* HEK cell: 293 cells
* Hepatocyte
* Heterokaryon
* Hofbauer cell
* Leukocytes - "white blood cell"
** granulocyte: basophil, eosinophil, neutrophil
** lymphocyte: B cell, B-cell receptor, effector cell, memory B cell, memory T cells, plasma cell, T cell, T helper cell, cytotoxic T cell, regulatory T cell, natural killer cell, T cell receptor
** monocyte: dendritic cell, histiocyte, Kupffer cell, Langerhans cell, macrophage, microglia, osteoclast
* Mast cell
* Mesangial cell
* Mesenchymal stem cell: adipocyte, chondrocyte, myocyte, osteoblast
* Mitral cell, olfactory receptor neuron
* Myoblast: satellite cells, myocyte: pericyte
* Neural cell: basket cell, Betz cell, Cajal-Retzius cell, Golgi cell, granule cell, grid cells, Purkinje cell, pyramidal cell, Renshaw cell, stellate cell
* Oncological: erythroleukemia, K562 cell, large cell, oncocytes, oncocytoma, oxyphil cell, signet cell, small cell carcinoma
* Osteoclast, osteocyte
* Peripheral blood cell
* Phagocyte
* Pituitary: corticotrope, gonadotrope, lactotroph, somatotrope, thyrotrope
* Plant cell
* Pneumocyte
* Primordial cell
* Prokaryote
* Pseudounipolar cells
* Retinal cells: amacrine cell, bipolar cell, cone cell, ganglion cell, giant retinal ganglion cells, horizontal cell, parvocellular part, photoreceptor cell, photosensitive ganglion cell, reticulocytosis, rod cell
* Sclerocyte
* Stem cell: HeLa, totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent, unipotent
* Stromal cell
* Sustentacular cell: cell cortex, Sertoli cell
* Target cell (codocyte)
* Thrombocytes
* Thyroid: Askenazy cell, Hurthle cell, parafollicular cell
* Trichocyte: Hair matrix cell
* Zygote

Laboratory procedures

* Cell culture
* Cell disruption, cell disruption by nitrogen decompression
* Cell fractionation
* Cell incubator
* Cyto-Stain
* Fluorescent-activated cell sorting
* Hfr cell - "high frequency recombination"
* Spinner (Cell Culture)

Disambiguation and lists

* Cell type - distinguishing plants from animals
* Cytology
* List of distinct cell types in the adult human body

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