- Ishak Haji Muhammad
Ishak Haji Muhammad (
14 November 1909- 7 November 1991) or better known as Pak Sako was a prominent Malaysian writer, active in the 1930s until the 1950s. He was a nationalistand his involvement began before independence and continued thereafter. He fought for the idea of the unification of Melayu Raya where Indonesia, Malaysiaand Bruneiare united in one collective.
The moniker "Pak Sako" was from the title 'Isako-san' given to him by the Japanese, which was the phonetic pronunciation of his name in the Japanese tongue. Ishak's other pseudonyms include "Anwar", "Hantu Raya" (The Great Ghost), "Isako San" and "Pandir Moden" (The Modern-day Pandir)
Ishak was born in 1909 in Kampung Bukit Seguntang,
Temerloh, Pahangand received his early education at the Kg. Tengah Malay School, Temerlohin 1919 and continued his education at the Clifford High School, Kuala Lipisfrom 1924 to 1928. He received his certificate of education from the RaubEnglish School in 1929. In 1930, he went to the Malay College Kuala Kangsar(MCKK) to train as an officer in the Malayan Civil Service. He held posts as Assistant Deputy District Officer, a Class III Magistrateand a language teacher before entering the literary scene.
Writings and politics
Ishak grew bored with his job as a British administrator and found the life of a British civil servant full of deception, favoritism and no interest in preserving the interests of the Malays who were said to have been given protection by the British. In 1934, he resigned from the Malayan Civil Service and travelled the peninsula Malaya. He later concentrated on nationalist literature and politics. He was imprisoned twice (1948-1953; 1965-1966).
Ishak was the first with the idea to publish the
Utusan Melayu(The Malay Post) newspaper and subsequently became the founder of the publication. He left Warta Malaya(Malayan Times) and travelled to Pahang, Kelantanand Terengganuto campaign for the establishment of the Utusan MelayuPress. He worked at the paper under Abdul Rahim Kajaias editor. During the Japanese occupation of Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak, he became the editor of "Berita Malai" (Malayan News).
He continued to live in
Hulu Langateven though he worked in Kuala Lumpur. He would take the public transport to office. For a while, he did have a Fiat when he was working in Rembau, but he did not drive and had to hire a driver. [http://www.bahasa-malaysia-simple-fun.com/utusan_melayu.html]
Ishak produced many novels, short stories, essays and memoirs as well as writing articles for the Utusan Melayu Group's newspapers. The National Library of Malaysia has, in their collection, more than 1,000 copies of his literary work.
His two most well-known works are "Putera Gunung Tahan" (The Prince of Mount Tahan) and "Anak Mat Lela Gila" (The Son of Crazy Mat Lela), which reflected his views and aspirations as a patriot and writer. They were
satirenovels aimed at the British and also were a critique of the British. Ishak placed importance on Malay culture in his writings and glorified Malay culture by comparing it to English culture which is said to lack quality and is too aggressive. He was also active in short story-writing.
Below is a sample of his other works:
# "Budak beca" (Trishaw Boy). Marang: Mohamad bin A. Rahman, 1957
# "Judi karam" (The Sunken Bet).
Singapore: Geliga, 1958
# "Pengantin baru" (The Newlyweds).
In his later years, he was more known as a columnist in "Utusan Malaysia" and "Gila-Gila" (a local satire magazine).
As tribute for his contributions, the University of Malaya awarded him an Honorary Doctorate of Literature on
29 June 1973. On 29 May 1976, Ishaak received the "Pejuang Sastera" (Literary Exponent) Award from the Prime Minister.
He died on
7 November 1991at 5.40 am at his home in Kampung Bukit Raya, in Hulu Langat, Selangor. He was buried in his childhood village in Temerloh, after the Friday prayers, next to the graves of his parents, in accordance with his wishes. ["Jenazah disemadi selepas solat Jumaat", Berita Harian, 9 November 1991, p. 24] He had been admitted to the Tawakal Hospital on 18 Octoberafter suffering from a stroke, and had just left the hospital for two weeks before he died. Earlier in the year, he had suffered another stroke and was admitted to the Kuala Lumpur General Hospital on 22 July. That attack left his right side paralyzed. ["Pak Sako meninggal dunia", Berita Harian, 8 November 1991, p. 1]
UMNOdonated RM16,874.15 to his family at the close of its General Assembly that year. RM10,000 came from the UMNOheadquarters while the remainder was contributed by its delegates during the assembly. It was presented by the Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Dr. Mahathir Mohamad to the Chief Minister of Pahang, Tan Sri Khalil Yaacob to be given to his family. [ "$16,874 untuk keluarga Pak Sako", Berita Harian, 11 November 1991, p. 2]
* Harry Aveling, trans., Ishak Haji Muhammad: The Prince of Mount Tahan, Singapore: Heinemann Educational Books, (Asia), 1980.
* Harry Aveling, trans., Ishak Haji Muhammad: The Son of Mat Mat Lela, Singapore: Federal Books, 1983.
* Ishak Haji Muhammad, "Ilham Mencipta Putera Gunung Tahan", Dewan Sastera, April, 23, 1976.
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