- Kremlin Hill
Kremlin Hill (Russian: Кремлёвский холм ["Kremlyovskiy kholm"] ; former name Borovitsky Hill - Боровицкий холм ["Borovitskiy kholm"] ; also known as Borovitskiy Cape - Боровицкий мыс ["Borovitskiy mys"] ) is one of the seven hills of
Moscow. Altitude up to 145 m. The hill is situated in the city centre, at the confluence of the Moscow Riverand Neglinnaya River. The Red Squareand the upland part of the Kitai-gorodare located on the hill.
The Borovitskiy Hill derives its name from the Russian word "бор" ("bor") - "pinery". The hill was named so because in ancient times the left bank of the Moscow River was covered with pine forest. Archeologists date the first data on stay of a human being on the Borovitsky hill by the end of the
2nd millennium BC[http://www.kreml.ru/en/main/history/kremlin/BC/] . The following archeologically investigated stage is dated by the 8th-3rd centuries BC. A settlement established here in 11th centurybecame the core of Moscow. In 1156the first kremlinwas built on the hill and it became known as Kremlin Hill. Several gardens have been laid out, some of which belonged to Metropolitan Alexiusand Ivan the Terrible.
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