Darius II


Darius II

Darius II (Dārayavahuš), was king of the Persian Empire from 423 BC to 405 BC.[1]

Artaxerxes I, who died on December 25, 424 BC, was followed by his son Xerxes II. After a month and a half Xerxes II was murdered by his brother Secydianus or Sogdianus (the form of the name is uncertain). His illegitimate brother, Ochus, satrap of Hyrcania, rebelled against Sogdianus, and after a short fight killed him, and suppressed by treachery the attempt of his own brother Arsites to imitate his example. Ochus adopted the name Darius (Greek sources often call him Darius Nothos, "Bastard"). Neither the names Xerxes II nor Sogdianus occur in the dates of the numerous Babylonian tablets from Nippur; here effectively the reign of Darius II follows immediately after that of Artaxerxes I.

Prospective tomb of Darius II of Persia in Naqsh-e Rustam

Historians know very little about Darius II's reign. A rebellion by the Medes in 409 BC is mentioned by Xenophon. It does seem that Darius II was quite dependent on his wife Parysatis. In excerpts from Ctesias some harem intrigues are recorded, in which he played a disreputable part.

It is likely that Ezra and Nehemiah were alive during this monarch's reign, as it was approximately at this time that the new walls of Jerusalem, demolished during the Babylonian period, were rebuilt [2].

As long as the power of Athens remained intact he did not meddle in Greek affairs. When in 413 BC, Athens supported the rebel Amorges in Caria, Darius would not have responded had not the Athenian power been broken in the same year at Syracuse. As a result of that event, Darius II gave orders to his satraps in Asia Minor, Tissaphernes and Pharnabazus[disambiguation needed ], to send in the overdue tribute of the Greek towns and to begin a war with Athens. To support the war with Athens, the Persian satraps entered into an alliance with Sparta. In 408 BC he sent his son Cyrus to Asia Minor, to carry on the war with greater energy.

Darius II died in 405 BC, in the nineteenth year of his reign, and was followed as Persian king by Artaxerxes II.

Offspring

By Parysatis
Artaxerxes II
Cyrus the Younger
Oxathres or Oxendares or Oxendras
Artoxexes
Ostanes
Amestris wife of Teritouchmes & then Artaxerxes II
& seven other unnamed children
By other wives
Artostes
The unnamed satrap of Media at 401 B.C.

See also

References

  1. ^ Brill's New Pauly, "Darius".
  2. ^ "The compiler, unable to distinguish between the Persian kings thought “year seven of Darius” meant Darius I. It was impossible, so he rejected it in favour of Artaxerxes, who had already been mentioned in the context of Nehemiah, because the two men were together at the dedication. Ezra really came in year seven of Darius II specially to dedicate the walls and to introduce the new law" from http://www.askwhy.co.uk/judaism/0290Ezra.php extracted 26/5/2011
Darius II
Achaemenid dynasty
Born:  ?? Died: 404 BC
Preceded by
Sogdianus
The Great King of Persia
423 BC – 404 BC
Succeeded by
Artaxerxes II
Pharaoh of Egypt
423–404
Succeeded by
Amyrtaeus

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Darius — is a male given name, etymologically it is the English transliteration of the Persian name, Dariush, its meaning is he possesses or rich and kingly . Contents 1 Given name 1.1 Historical people 2 Surname …   Wikipedia

  • Darius 2 — Darius Verleger Taito Release 1986 Genre Shoot em up Spielmodi Singleplayer, Multiplayer für zwei Spieler Steuerung 8 Wege Joystick, 2 4 Feuertasten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Darius R — Darius Verleger Taito Release 1986 Genre Shoot em up Spielmodi Singleplayer, Multiplayer für zwei Spieler Steuerung 8 Wege Joystick, 2 4 Feuertasten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Darius — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DARIUS — (Heb. and Aram. (from the Elephantine papyri) דריוש; in the Elephantine papyri also דריוהוש, דריהוש; old Persian darayavahus), name of three Persian kings of the Achaemenid royal family. DARIUS I (522–486 B.C.E.), a descendant of a collateral… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Darius — name of three Persian rulers, notably Darius the Great, Persian emperor 521 485 B.C.E., from Gk. Darius, from O.Pers. Darayavaus, probably lit. he who holds firm the good, from PIE root *dher (2) to hold firmly, support (see FIRM (Cf. firm)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Darius — S écrivait autrefois surtout Darrius, ce qui a son importance, car le nom de personne Arrius a existé, et Darrius pourrait signifier d Arrius. Autrement, il s agit du nom Darius, qui fut popularisé par une dynastie de rois perses …   Noms de famille

  • Darius I — [his tasp′əsdə rī′əs] 550? 486? B.C.; king of Persia (522 486): called the Great: also Darius Hystaspes [his tasp′əs] …   English World dictionary

  • Darīus — Darīus, s. Dareios …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Darius — (grch. Dareios, altpers. Darajavusch), 3 altpers. Könige aus der Dynastie der Achämeniden. – D. I., Sohn des Hystaspes, der große Erneuerer und Erweiterer des pers. Reichs nach dem Tode des Kambyses (522). D. tötete 521 mit 6 vornehmen Personen… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.