- Felix and Adauctus
name= Saints Felix and Adauctus
Roman Catholic Church
caption= "The Glorification of St Felix and St Adauctus".
Carlo Innocenzo Carlone.
attributes= Adauctus is sometimes portrayed as a Roman
major_shrine= Relics at
Saints Felix and Adauctus (d. 303 AD) were
Christian martyrswho are believed to have lived during the reigns of Diocletianand Maximian.
The "Acts", first published in Ado's "
Martyrology", relate as follows: Felix, a Roman priest, and brother of another priest, also named Felix, being ordered to offer sacrifice to the gods, was brought by the prefectDracus to the temples of Serapis, Mercury, and Diana. But at the prayer of the saint the idols fell shattered to the ground. He was then led to execution. On the way an unknown person joined him, professed himself a Christian, and also received the crown of martyrdom. The Christians gave him the name Adauctus (the Latinword for "added"). They were both beheaded.
These "Acts" are considered a legendary embellishment of a misunderstood inscription by
Pope Damasus. A Dracus cannot be found among the prefects of Rome; the other Felix of the legend is St. Felix of Nola; and Felix of Monte Pincio is the same Felix honoured on the Garden Hill. The brother is imaginary ("Anal. Boll., XVI, 19-29").
Their veneration is very old; they are commemorated in the Sacramentary of
Gregory the Greatand in the ancient martyrologies.
Their church in Rome, built over their graves, in the
catacomb of Commodilla, on the Via Ostiensis, near the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls, and restored by Pope Leo III, was discovered about three hundred years ago and again unearthed in 1905 ("Civiltà Catt., 1905, II, 608"). Pope Leo IV, about 850, is said to have given their relics to Irmengard, wife of Lothair I; she placed them in the abbey of canonesses at Eschau in Alsace.
They were brought to the church of St. Stephen in
Viennain 1361. The heads are claimed by Anjouand Cologne. According to the "Chronicle of Andechs" (Donauwörth, 1877, p. 69), Henry, the last count, received the relics from Pope Honorius IIIand brought them to the Abbey of Andechs.
Carlo Innocenzo Carlone(1686-1775) painted "The Glorification of Saints Felix and Adauctus" (1759-61), seen above. It was commissioned for the cupolaof the church of San Felice del Benaco on Lake Garda.
*en icon [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06032b.htm Felix and Adauctus] at the
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